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A Preconscious Neural Mechanism of Hypnotically Altered Colors: A Double Case Study
University of Turku, Finland.
University of Helsinki, Finland.
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2771-1588
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0071-6354
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, nr 8, artikel-id e70900Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Hypnotic suggestions may change the perceived color of objects. Given that chromatic stimulus information is processed rapidly and automatically by the visual system, how can hypnotic suggestions affect perceived colors in a seemingly immediate fashion? We studied the mechanisms of such color alterations by measuring electroencephalography in two highly suggestible participants as they perceived briefly presented visual shapes under posthypnotic color alternation suggestions such as "all the squares are blue''. One participant consistently reported seeing the suggested colors. Her reports correlated with enhanced evoked upper beta-band activity (22 Hz) 70-120 ms after stimulus in response to the shapes mentioned in the suggestion. This effect was not observed in a control condition where the participants merely tried to simulate the effects of the suggestion on behavior. The second participant neither reported color alterations nor showed the evoked beta activity, although her subjective experience and event-related potentials were changed by the suggestions. The results indicate a preconscious mechanism that first compares early visual input with a memory representation of the suggestion and consequently triggers the color alteration process in response to the objects specified by the suggestion. Conscious color experience is not purely the result of bottom-up processing but it can be modulated, at least in some individuals, by top-down factors such as hypnotic suggestions.

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Public Library of Science , 2013. Vol. 8, nr 8, artikel-id e70900
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URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8619DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070900ISI: 000324465000152PubMedID: 23940663Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881117166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-8619DiVA, id: diva2:661924
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-05 Skapad: 2013-11-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Revonsuo, AnttiKallio, Sakari

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