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Challenging the dual coding theory: Does Affective Information Play a Greater Role in Abstract Compared to Concrete Word Processing?
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. studingrid@gmail.com.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

It has long been held that concrete material has a processing advantage over abstract material, as predicted by Dual Coding Theory (Paivio,1991), although this has been challenged. For example, based on evidence for behavioural and neuroscientific studies, Kousta,, Vigliocco, Vinson, & Del Campo, (2011) proposed that emotional valance had a greater influence in the processing of abstract words, and that under some circumstances there may be no concreteness effect and might even be an abstractness effect. This would not be predicted by DCT. In addition, Isen and Daubman (1984) have claimed that emotional valence, and particularly positive emotion can influence cognitive processing. Specifically, they demonstrated that positive emotion was associated with more inclusive categorization of ambiguous category members. This current study was a 2 x 2 between group design to investigate the effect of positive and negative valence on recognition memory for concrete and abstract words and on categorization. Contrary to what was predicted by Dual Coding Theory, abstract words were generally better recognized than concrete, with there being an additional interaction with valence. A significant interaction between word type and valence on categorization was also found. Results partially support Kousta et al. (2011).

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 58
Nyckelord [en]
abstract word-processing, DCT, ERP, semantic representation, concreteness effect, imageability, recognition task, categorization, emotional valence
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15583DiVA, id: diva2:1218365
Ämne / kurs
Kognitiv neurovetenskap
Utbildningsprogram
Psykologisk coach
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-15 Skapad: 2018-06-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-15Bibliografiskt granskad

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