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Empathy and Universal Values Explicated by the Empathy-Altruism Hypothesis
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. (Kognitiv Neurovetenskap och Filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9890-5788
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Behavioral Sciences, University West, Sweden / Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (Kognitiv Neurovetenskap och Filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 156, nr 6, s. 610-619Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Research reports that empathy is on the decline in present-day society together with an increasing trend in self-enhancing values. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis we investigated whether these constructs are interlinked, by analyzing the relationships between emotional and cognitive empathy and 10 universal values. In the first study, using a middle-aged US sample, the results showed that empathy was strongly and positively related to altruistic values and negatively to self-enhancing values in a pattern which aligned with the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In a second confirmation study, these findings were replicated and extended, while also controlling for the Big Five personality traits, to discount that empathy is only captured by basic personality. Only emotional empathy, not cognitive empathy, accounted for up to 18% additional variance in altruistic values, which further confirmed the emphasis on feelings, as postulated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2016. Vol. 156, nr 6, s. 610-619
Emneord [en]
empathy, personality traits, values, empathy-altruism hypothesis
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12005DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2016.1152212ISI: 000386855100005PubMedID: 26885864Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84961116222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-12005DiVA, id: diva2:908270
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-02 Laget: 2016-03-02 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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Persson, Björn N.Kajonius, Petri J.

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