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Nightmares: Risk factors among the Finnish general adult population
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Public Health Genomics Unit and Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, Helsinki, Finland / University of Turku, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Turku Brain and Mind Center, Department of Psychology, Turku, Finland.
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Turku, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Turku Brain and Mind Center, Department of Psychology, Turku, Finland. (Kognitiv Neurovetenskap och Filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5133-8664
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Health, Unit of Chronic Disease Prevention, Turku, Finland.
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Turku, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Turku Brain and Mind Center, Department of Psychology, Turku, Finland. (Kognitiv Neurovetenskap och Filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2771-1588
Vise andre og tillknytning
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 507-514Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for experiencing nightmares among the Finnish general adult population. The study aimed to both test whether previously reported correlates of frequent nightmares could be reproduced in a large population sample and to explore previously unreported associations.

DESIGN: Two independent cross-sectional population surveys of the National FINRISK Study.

SETTING: Age- and sex-stratified random samples of the Finnish population in 2007 and 2012.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13,922 participants (6,515 men and 7,407 women) aged 25-74 y.

INTERVENTIONS: N/A.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Nightmare frequency as well as several items related to socioeconomic status, sleep, mental well-being, life satisfaction, alcohol use, medication, and physical well-being were recorded with a questionnaire. In multinomial logistic regression analysis, a depression-related negative attitude toward the self (odds ratio [OR] 1.32 per 1-point increase), insomnia (OR 6.90), and exhaustion and fatigue (OR 6.86) were the strongest risk factors for experiencing frequent nightmares (P < 0.001 for all). Sex, age, a self-reported impaired ability to work, low life satisfaction, the use of antidepressants or hypnotics, and frequent heavy use of alcohol were also strongly associated with frequent nightmares (P < 0.001 for all).

CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of depression and insomnia were the strongest predictors of frequent nightmares in this dataset. Additionally, a wide variety of factors related to psychological and physical well-being were associated with nightmare frequency with modest effect sizes. Hence, nightmare frequency appears to have a strong connection with sleep and mood problems, but is also associated with a variety of measures of psychological and physical well-being.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Associated Professional Sleep Societies , 2015. Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 507-514
Emneord [en]
adult, epidemiology, depression, dreaming, insomnia, nightmare, risk factor
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11461DOI: 10.5665/sleep.4560ISI: 000351993600001PubMedID: 25325474Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84926223075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-11461DiVA, id: diva2:849956
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-08-31 Laget: 2015-08-31 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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