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Quality inspection of multiple product variants using neural network modules
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap.
2022 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Maintaining quality outcomes is an essential task for any manufacturing organization. Visual inspections have long been an avenue to detect defects in manufactured products, and recent advances within the field of deep learning has led to a surge of research in how technologies like convolutional neural networks can be used to perform these quality inspections automatically. An alternative to these often large and deep network structures is the modular neural network, which can instead divide a classification task into several sub-tasks to decrease the overall complexity of a problem. To investigate how these two approaches to image classification compare in a quality inspection task, a case study was performed at AR Packaging, a manufacturer of food containers. The many different colors, prints and geometries present in the AR Packaging product family served as a natural occurrence of complexity for the quality classification task. A modular network was designed, being formed by one routing module to classify variant type which is subsequently used to delegate the quality classification to an expert module trained for that specific variant. An image dataset was manually generated from within the production environment portraying a range of product variants in both defective and non-defective form. An image processing algorithm was developed to minimize image background and align the products in the pictures. To evaluate the adaptability of the two approaches, the networks were initially trained on same data from five variants, and then retrained with added data from a sixth variant. The modular networks were found to be overall less accurate and slower in their classification than the conventional single networks were. However, the modular networks were more than six times smaller and required less time to train initially, though the retraining times were roughly equivalent in both approaches. The retraining of the single network did also cause some fluctuation in the predictive accuracy, something which was not noted in the modular network.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2022. , s. 56
Emneord [en]
quality inspection, defect detection, variants, modular neural network, convolutional neural network, case study
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21495DiVA, id: diva2:1679110
Eksternt samarbeid
AR Packaging
Fag / kurs
Virtual Product Realization
Utdanningsprogram
Intelligent Automation - Master's Programme, 120 ECTS
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Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-06-30 Laget: 2022-06-30 Sist oppdatert: 2023-07-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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