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Being an Educator and Game Developer: The Role of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Non-Commercial Serious Games Production
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. Swedish Defence University, Wargaming Section. (Section for Game Development, Media, Technology and Culture)
Stockholm University, Sweden.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826X, Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 771-788Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aim. Previous literature has discussed tensions between the field of game design and the field of education. It has been emphasized that it is important to address this tension when developing game based learning (GBL). In order to find potential ways of approaching this problem, we investigate the development of GBL when performed by those who have both pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and experience in game development. Method. Two case studies about serious games production were conducted, a game section at a national defense college and a university course in educational game design. The cases, as well as individual development projects within the settings, were analyzed with a focus on the role of PCK during serious games development. Results. While the developers and instructors at the defence college, who designed games for their in-house needs, had both PCK and knowledge about game development, these competencies varied a lot among the participants at the university course. The results show that educational goals added complexity to the design process. By comparison, some studied game projects at the university course avoided this complexity. These projects legitimized their games as educational by suggesting unproven far transfer. In other cases, where the developers did have PCK, the instructional goals where taken as a starting point that guided the whole development process. This lead to games that were designed to match highly specific educational contexts. The developers, instructors and teachers in both of the settings who used their PCK tended to break a number of established game design heuristics that would have been counter productive in relation to the learning objectives of the games. Conclusions. The paper suggests that there is a need for people with pedagogical content knowledge AND knowledge about game development. Enhancing these dual competencies in game workers could forward the field of GBL.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2019. Vol. 50, nr 6, s. 771-788
Emneord [en]
educational games, game-based learning, game design, military training, pedagogical content knowledge, serious games, game studies
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Media, Technology and Culture (MTEC)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17802DOI: 10.1177/1046878119873023ISI: 000488431700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073987220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17802DiVA, id: diva2:1362222
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-18 Laget: 2019-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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