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Maintaining interoperability in open source software: A case study of the Apache PDFBox project
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. (Software Systems Research Group (SSRG))ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6215-3753
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. (Software Systems Research Group (SSRG))
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. (Software Systems Research Group (SSRG))
Combitech AB, Linköping, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Systems and Software, ISSN 0164-1212, E-ISSN 1873-1228, Vol. 159, artikkel-id 110452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Software interoperability is commonly achieved through the implementation of standards for communication protocols or data representation formats. Standards documents are often complex, difficult to interpret, and may contain errors and inconsistencies, which can lead to differing interpretations and implementations that inhibit interoperability. Through a case study of two years of activity in the Apache PDFBox project we examine day-to-day decisions made concerning implementation of the PDF specifications and standards in a community open source software (OSS) project. Thematic analysis is used to identify semantic themes describing the context of observed decisions concerning interoperability. Fundamental decision types are identified including emulation of the behaviour of dominant implementations and the extent to which to implement the PDF standards. Many factors influencing the decisions are related to the sustainability of the project itself, while other influences result from decisions made by external actors, including the developers of dependencies of PDFBox. This article contributes a fine grained perspective of decision-making about software interoperability by contributors to a community OSS project. The study identifies how decisions made support the continuing technical relevance of the software, and factors that motivate and constrain project activity. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 159, artikkel-id 110452
Emneord [en]
Community open source software, Portable document format, Software implementation, Software interoperability, Standards, Decision making, Interoperability, Semantics, Data representations, Fine grained, Open source software projects, Portable document formats, Project activities, Thematic analysis, Open source software
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17883DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.110452ISI: 000502883100013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074353150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17883DiVA, id: diva2:1370325
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-14 Laget: 2019-11-14 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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