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Personers upplevelser av livet efter en njurtransplantation – en litteraturöversikt i ämnet omvårdnad
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
People’s experiences of life after a kidney transplant – a literature review on the subject of nursing (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cirka 1 100 svenskar drabbas varje år av en njursjukdom och ungefär 4 000 personer behandlas med dialys i Sverige. Antalet patienter som behandlas med dialys och/eller njurtransplantation ökar kraftigt. Tiden före en njurtransplantation är krävande och personerna lever med svåra biverkningar av sjukdomen och behandlingarna. Njurtransplantation är en eftertraktad behandlingsform som följs av livslång behandling med immunsuppressiva läkemedel. En njursjukdom medför en förändrad livsvärld och livsrytm för personerna.

Syfte: Syftet med detta examensarbete var att belysa personers upplevelser av livet efter en njurtransplantation.

Metod: Metoden som användes var en litteraturöversikt med tio kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: I resultatet framkom fyra huvudteman. Dessa var; positiva upplevelser av livet efter en njurtransplantation, negativa upplevelser av livet efter en njurtransplantation, personer som genomgått en njurtransplantations upplevelse av det sociala stödets betydelse, personer som genomgått en njurtransplantations upplevda behov och brister kring information.

Konklusion: Examensarbetet visade att personer upplevde ökad livskvalitet och förbättrad hälsa efter njurtransplantationen men att det fanns en ständig närvaro av oro och rädsla inför framtiden. Information, utbildning och kommunikation var faktorer som påverkade personernas upplevelser.

Abstract [en]

Background: Around 1,100 Swedes suffer from a kidney disease every year and approximately 4,000 people are treated with dialysis in Sweden. The number of patients treated with dialysis and/or kidney transplantation is increasing sharply. The time before a kidney transplantation is demanding and the people live with severe side effects of the disease and the treatment. Kidney transplantation is a desirable form of treatment that is followed by life-long treatment with immunosuppressive drugs. A kidney disease may cause a changed world of life and rhythm of life for the persons.

Aim: The aim of this bachelor’s essay was to highlight people’s experiences of life after a kidney transplantation.

Method: The method used was a literature review with ten qualitative articles.

Findings: Four main themes emerged in the results. These were; positive experiences of the time after a kidney transplantation, negative experiences of the time after a kidney transplantation, people who have gone through a kidney transplantations experience of the importance of social support, people who have gone through a transplantations experience of needs and lack of information.

Conclusion: The bachelor’s essay showed that people experienced increased quality of life and improved health after the kidney transplantation but that there was a constant presence of worry and fear about the future. Information, education and communication were factors that influenced the people’s experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
experiences, kidney transplant, person, support, world of life
Keywords [sv]
livsvärld, njurtransplantation, person, stöd, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-22086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-22086DiVA, id: diva2:1714425
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-11-29 Created: 2022-11-29 Last updated: 2022-11-29Bibliographically approved

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