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Lärdomar från olika antimobbningsprogram implementerade och utvärderade i Europa: en strukturerad litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Lessons learned from various anti-bullying programs implemented and evaluated in Europe : A structured literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Barn och unga som utsätts för mobbning i skolan löper en större risk för ohälsa såsom ångest och depression samt försämrad skolprestation vilket gör mobbning till en aktuell folkhälsofråga världen över. Syfte: Syftet med denna studien var att sammanställa lärdomar från antimobbningsprogram som implementerats och utvärderats i grundskolor i Europa. Metod: En strukturerad litteraturstudie baserad på 18 vetenskapliga artiklar inhämtade från PubMed, Web of Science och CINAHL gjordes och analyserades med tematisk analys. Resultat: Fem teman identifierades som sammanfattade lärdomar, dessa teman var; Teoretisk förankring av interventionen är av vikt; Att involvera lärarna i interventionen är betydande; Att främja gruppdynamik och sociala relationer minskar mobbning; Interventionseffekten är olika för olika åldersgrupper samt; Vissa skillnader finns i interventionseffekt mellan pojkar och flickor. Slutsats: Det finns lärdomar att dra från olika implementerade och utvärderade antimobbningsprogram i Europa. Kunskap och förståelse kring dessa lärdomar kan innebära en bättre implementering, och förhoppningsvis bättre effekt, av framtida antimobbningsprogram. 

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Children and young people who are exposed to bullying at school are at greater risk of ill health, such as anxiety and depression and poorer school performance, which makes bullying a current public health issue worldwide. Aim: The aim of this study was to compile lessons from anti-bullying programs implemented and evaluated in primary schools in Europe. Methods: A structured literature study based on 18 scientific articles obtained from PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL was made and analyzed with thematic analysis. Results: Five themes were identified as summarized lessons, these themes were; Theoretical anchoring of the intervention is important; Involving teachers in the intervention is significant; Promoting group dynamics and social relationships reduces bullying; The intervention effect is different for different age groups and; There are some differences in the intervention effect between boys and girls. Conclusion:There are lessons to be learned from various implemented and evaluated anti-bullying programs in Europe. Knowledge and understanding of these lessons can mean a better implementation, and hopefully a better effect, of future anti-bullying programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Anti-Bullying programs, bullying, primary school, Europe, evaluation, lessons learned
Keywords [sv]
Antimobbningsprogram, mobbning, grundskola, Europa, utvärdering, lärdomar
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21556DiVA, id: diva2:1680583
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-07-04 Created: 2022-07-04 Last updated: 2022-07-04Bibliographically approved

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