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Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av deras två första år som sjuksköterska: en kvalitativ litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Newly graduated nurses’ experiences of their first two years as a nurse: a qualitative literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeyrket är ett legitimerat yrke, där det huvudsakliga ansvarsområdet är omvårdnad. Sjuksköterskan arbetar utifrån olika kompetenskrav och kärnkompetenser. Det är vanligt att sjuksköterskor säger upp sig, som kan ses som ett allmänt globalt problem. Många nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor upplever ohälsa under sin första tid inom yrket, vilket även handledare och chefer har uppmärksammat. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors erfarenheter inom yrket på sjukhus. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad metod användes, med Fribergs (2017) analysmetod för att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors erfarenheter. Tolv artiklar som söktes fram i databasen CINAHL analyserades. Resultat: Tre teman: Närstående och arbetsplatsen hade en betydande roll, Känslan av otillräcklighet och Organisatoriska faktorer av betydelse, samt i sju subteman: Positivt stöd, Bristande stöd, Den psykisk ohälsan var överväldigande, Att inte känna sig beredd och finna balans, Från självkritik till självsäkerhet, Teamet och kollegor och De brister som påverkade NeS och patientsäkerheten. Konklusion: Resultatet visade att negativa erfarenheter var övervägande, såsom ohälsa, självkritik och bristande färdigheter. Positiva erfarenheter kom aldrig utav sig självt, stödet var avgörande från kollegor, teamet och organisationen.

Abstract [en]

Background: The nurse profession is a registered profession, where the main area of responsibility is nursing. Nurses work on the basis of competence requirements and core competencies. There are many nurses resigning their jobs, which can be seen as a global problem. Many newly graduated nurses experience illness during their first time period, which has also been recognized by supervisors and managers. Aim: The aimwas to describe newly graduated nurses experiences within the profession on hospitals. Method: A qualitative literature-based method was used, with Friberg's (2017)analysis method to describe newly graduated nurses experience. Twelve articles that were sought out in the database CINAHL were analyzed. Findings: Three themes: Relatives and the workplace had a significant role, A feeling of inadequacy and Organizational factors of importance, and in seven subthemes: Positive support, Deficient support, The psychological illness was overwhelming, To not feel prepared and finding balance, From self-criticism to self-confidence, The team and colleagues and The shortcomings the af ected NeS and patient safety. Conclusion: The result have shown that negative experiences were predominant, such as illness, self-criticism and lack of skills. Positive experiences never came by itself, the support was crucial from colleagues, the team and the organization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Health, improvement knowledge and quality development, nurse perspective, nursing, qualitative literature based study
Keywords [sv]
Förbättringskunskap och kvalitetsutveckling, hälsa, kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskeperspektiv
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21139DiVA, id: diva2:1657906
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-05-12 Created: 2022-05-12 Last updated: 2022-05-12Bibliographically approved

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