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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i palliativt skede: En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses experience of caring for patients in the palliative stage : A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige dör ca 100 000 varje år en stor del av dessa är i behov av palliativ vård. Palliativ vård handlar om att lidande minskas och livskvaliteten främjas genom att symtomlindra och att inte ge livsuppehållande vård. Sjuksköterskor har det övergripande ansvaret för omvårdnaden av patienten därför tillbringar sjuksköterskan mycket tid med patienten. Sjuksköterskan ser individen och inte bara patienten och dennes sjukdom, det är sjuksköterskans ansvara att bilda en relation med patienten. För att vården ska kunna vara individanpassad krävs det att sjuksköterskan är lyhörd och öppen inför patientens behov. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskor erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i palliativt skede. Metod: En litteraturbaserad studie där datamaterialet innehöll åtta vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom fyra kategorier; vara följsam i samtalet, tillgodose patientens behov, samverkan om patienten, involvera närstående som aktiv part med nio underkategorier. Konklusion: Det framkom att sjuksköterskors erfarenheter varierade och att kunskapsbristen var ett problem som behövdes utvecklas.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, about 100,000 die every year, a large part of which is in need of palliative care. Palliative care is about the fact that suffering is reduced and the quality of life is promoted by symptom relief and not providing life-sustaining care. Nurses have the overall responsibility for the care of the patient, and spends most time with the patient. The nurse sees the individual and not just the patient and his or her disease, it is the nurse's responsibility to form a relationship with the patient. In order for the care to be individualized, it is required that the nurse is responsive and open to the patient's needs. Aim: To describe nurses' experiences of nursing patients in palliative stages. Method: A literature-based study where the data material contained 8 scientific articles with qualitative approach. Results:  From the analysis four categories emerged; being compliant in the conversation, meet the needs of the patient, collaboration about the patient, involve relatives as an active part with nine subcategories Conclusion: It emerged that nurses' experiences varied and that the lack of knowledge was a problem that needed to be developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Caring, Experience, Nurse, Palliative, Patient
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, Palliativ, Patient, Sjuksköterska, Vårdande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16875OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16875DiVA, id: diva2:1314478
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-14 Created: 2019-05-08 Last updated: 2019-05-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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