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Olafsdottir, SteingerdurORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8955-2367
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Olafsdottir, S., Eiben, G., Prell, H., Hense, S., Lissner, L., Marild, S., . . . Berg, C. (2014). Young children's screen habits are associated with consumption of sweetened beverages independently of parental norms. International Journal of Public Health, 59(1), 67-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young children's screen habits are associated with consumption of sweetened beverages independently of parental norms
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2014 (English)In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 67-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the associations between children's screen habits and their consumption of sweetened beverages. Because parents might be disposed to regulate their child's screen and dietary habits in a similar direction, our specific aim was to examine whether these associations were independent of parental norms. In the Swedish sample of the European Identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study, parents filled in questionnaires about their 2 to 9-year-old children's (n = 1,733) lifestyle and diets. Associations between screen habits and sweetened beverage consumption were found independent of parental norms regarding sweetened beverages. A longitudinal analysis revealed that sweetened beverage consumption at 2-year follow-up was predicted by exposure to commercial TV at baseline (OR 1.4, 95 % CI 1.1-1.9). Cross-sectional analysis showed that the likelihood of consuming sweetened beverages at least 1-3 times per week increased for each hour/day watching television (OR 1.5, 95 % CI 1.2-1.9), and for being exposed to commercials (OR 1.6, 95 % CI 1.3-2.1). TV viewing time and commercial exposure contributed to the associations independently of each other. The results strengthen the assumption that it is possible to influence children's dietary habits through their TV habits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
Keywords
Children, Television, Advertisements, Soft drinks, Parents, Family, Food habits
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14448 (URN)10.1007/s00038-013-0473-2 (DOI)000331962900008 ()23625133 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84897594576 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Lissner, L., Lanfer, A., Gwozdz, W., Olafsdottir, S., Eiben, G., Moreno, L. A., . . . Reisch, L. (2012). Television habits in relation to overweight, diet and taste preferences in European children: the IDEFICS study. European Journal of Epidemiology, 27(9), 705-715
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Television habits in relation to overweight, diet and taste preferences in European children: the IDEFICS study
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2012 (English)In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 27, no 9, p. 705-715Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Early television exposure has been associated with various health outcomes including childhood obesity. This paper describes associations between patterns of television viewing, on one hand, and diet, taste preference and weight status, on the other, in European preschoolers and schoolchildren. The IDEFICS baseline survey was conducted at examination centers in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Hungary, and Spain. 15,144 children aged 2-9 completed the basic protocol, including anthropometry and parental questionnaires on their diets and television habits. A subsample of 1,696 schoolchildren underwent further sensory testing for fat and sweet taste preferences. Three dichotomous indicators described: children's habitual television exposure time; television viewing during meals; and having televisions in their bedrooms. Based on these variables we investigated television habits in relation to overweight (IOTF) and usual consumption of foods high in fat and sugar. A possible role of taste preference in the latter association was tested in the sensory subgroup. All television indicators were significantly associated with increased risk of overweight, with odds ratios ranging from 1.21 to 1.30, in fully adjusted models. Children's propensities to consume high-fat and high-sugar foods were positively and, in most analyses, monotonically associated with high-risk television behaviors. The associations between television and diet propensities were not explained by preference for added fat or sugar in test foods. To summarize, in addition to being more overweight, children with high-risk television behaviors may, independent of objectively measured taste preferences for fat and sugar, passively overconsume higher-fat and particularly higher-sugar diets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012
Keywords
Television, Diet, Taste preference, Childhood overweight
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14463 (URN)10.1007/s10654-012-9718-2 (DOI)000310589700005 ()22911022 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84871317605 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8955-2367

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