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Bäckstrand, Gunnar
Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Bergman, C., Högberg, D., Bäckstrand, G. & Moestam, L. (2014). A Library Based Tool to Assist the Generative Activity in Workstation Design. In: Francisco Rebelo and Marcelo Soares (Ed.), Advances in Ergonomics in Design, Usability & Special Populations: Part II. Paper presented at 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE2014), Krakow, Poland, 19-23 July 2014 (pp. 206-214). AHFE Conference
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Library Based Tool to Assist the Generative Activity in Workstation Design
2014 (English)In: Advances in Ergonomics in Design, Usability & Special Populations: Part II / [ed] Francisco Rebelo and Marcelo Soares, AHFE Conference , 2014, p. 206-214Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AHFE Conference, 2014
Keywords
Library based design, Decision support, Ergonomics, Workstation, Proactive approach
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Technology; User Centred Product Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10038 (URN)978-1-4951-2107-4 (ISBN)
Conference
5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE2014), Krakow, Poland, 19-23 July 2014
Projects
Lean & Green Production Navigator
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2014-10-01 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Bergman, C., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Moestam, L. (2013). A tool to assist and evalute workstation design. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A tool to assist and evalute workstation design
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It can be argued that it is common that industrial workstations are “built” rather than purposefully designed with user and task requirements in mind. Afterwards, built-in problems typically need to be corrected, causing undesired costs and efforts. With the objective to assist workstation designers in avoiding most problems already in the design phase, a design support tool is being developed. The paper argues the need for such a tool and presents the fundamental tool functionality. Expected advantages are more efficient and ergonomic workstations and a more efficient design process with built-in learning and documentation.

Keywords
Production, Ergonomics, Lean, Workstation, Design
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8586 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Conference
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Available from: 2013-10-28 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P. & Nylén, U. (2013). Flexibel montering möter industrins utmaningar. Teknik och tillväxt (3), 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexibel montering möter industrins utmaningar
2013 (Swedish)In: Teknik och tillväxt, no 3, p. 5-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swerea IVF, 2013
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8538 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2013-10-17 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Harlin, U., Gullander, P., Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P. & Moestam, L. (2013). Flexible balancing of assembly systems and its impact on performance and human factors – a scenario-based analysis. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexible balancing of assembly systems and its impact on performance and human factors – a scenario-based analysis
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2013 (English)In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Increased production complexity challenges traditional methods for planning  and  preparation  of  assembly.  This  paper  addresses alternative approaches for assembly line balancing and an assembly plant  area  was  studied  in  a  cross-disciplinary  scenario-based analysis. Results show that the complexity in products, operations, flow, and organisation increases setting new demands on developing line balancing methods, including meeting the requirements and understanding the impact, e.g. competences, organization, support functions. Further research is suggested for increase knowledge of what impact different line balancing concepts has on performance, human work and working conditions as well as development of strategies and guiding principles for dynamic planning.

Keywords
Ergonomics, production planning, flexibility, operations, system view
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8590 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Conference
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, G., Bergman, C., Högberg, D. & Moestam, L. (2013). Lean and its impact on workplace design. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lean and its impact on workplace design
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lean analyses and following corrections of workstations are typically performed reactively, i.e. solving problems that already exist. However, there are benefits of enhanced proactivity related to the consideration of lean and human factors, as this would reduce the need for updating workstations. The approach presented here utilises a company specific, reactive lean evaluation methodology, but applied proactively, in the workstation design phase. Results gave that many assessment items in fact can be proactively addressed. This way, ergonomic and lean workstations that support quality, performance and wellbeing for a diversity of workers, can be built right the first time.

Keywords
Production, Ergonomics, Lean, Workstation, Design
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8587 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Conference
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Bäckstrand, G. (2012). Intuitiv montering. Teknik och tillväxt (2), 24-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intuitiv montering
2012 (Swedish)In: Teknik och tillväxt, no 2, p. 24-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swerea IVF, 2012
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6436 (URN)
Available from: 2012-10-11 Created: 2012-10-04 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Brolin, A., Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2012). Kitting as an information source in manual assembly. In: Stefan Trzcieliński & Waldemar Karwowski (Ed.), Advances in Ergonomics in Manufacturing: (pp. 346-353). CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kitting as an information source in manual assembly
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2012 (English)In: Advances in Ergonomics in Manufacturing / [ed] Stefan Trzcieliński & Waldemar Karwowski, CRC Press, 2012, p. 346-353Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In manual assembly, a strategy to meet the goal of efficient production is the increased use of kitting as a material supply principle. Even though kitting is already implemented in industry, there are still uncertainties regarding the effects of introducing kits, particularly from a human factors perspective.

This paper presents initial steps in the development of a method to be used for the evaluation of kitting. This from an information source point of view and for studying effects related to productivity and quality. The methodology is projected to act as a foundation for how to carry out a subsequent comprehensive case study. The purpose of the case study is to explore how kitting affects the cognitive workload compared to the ordinary material rack combined with part numbers used in the current manufacturing industry. This is done by measuring productivity; time spent on assembling a product, and quality; number of assembly errors. One step in the methodology development process, which is described in this paper, was to conduct a pilot study, primarily to test the methodology related to the selection of measurement parameters, as well as for getting experiences from running the methodology with real test subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2012
Keywords
manual assembly, kitting, cognitive ergonomics, information use
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6433 (URN)978-1-4398-7039-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-10-11 Created: 2012-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Thorvald, P., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2012). Syntax and Sequencing of Assembly Instructions. In: Francesco Rebelo & Marcelo M. Soares (Ed.), Advances in Usability Evaluation: Part II (pp. 266-275). CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Syntax and Sequencing of Assembly Instructions
2012 (English)In: Advances in Usability Evaluation: Part II / [ed] Francesco Rebelo & Marcelo M. Soares, CRC Press, 2012, p. 266-275Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Minimalism of design is a concept often found in Human-computer interaction (HCI). It is a concept that emphasizes the presentation of as little information as possible to reduce the perceptual strain and visual search of the subject. However, in a manufacturing context, such as in manual assembly, state of the art information presentation is rarely minimalistic. Rather, organizations tend to push out as much information as possible without necessarily concerning themselves with how this information is presented to, or perceived by, the worker. This leads to a situation that is far from ideal from an HCI perspective, likely to reduce human performance and wellbeing, in turn negatively affecting overall production system performance. Obviously, there are several potential ways of addressing this issue. Perhaps the most evident way is to simply reduce the amount of information that is presented and only present the essentials. This paper will investigate and discuss how information presentation can be minimized without reducing the information content through information syntax and layout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2012
Series
Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6434 (URN)978-1-4665-6054-3 (ISBN)978-1-4665-6055-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-10-11 Created: 2012-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Brolin, A., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2011). Inadequate presented information and its effect on the cognitive workload. In: Geraghty, J & Young, P (Ed.), Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28). Paper presented at Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland (pp. 121-129).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inadequate presented information and its effect on the cognitive workload
2011 (English)In: Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28) / [ed] Geraghty, J & Young, P, 2011, p. 121-129Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7086 (URN)
Conference
Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Available from: 2013-01-30 Created: 2013-01-30 Last updated: 2017-11-27
Harlin, U., Bäckstrand, G., Fässberg, T., Brolin, A. & Gullander, P. (2011). Production complexity and its impact on manning. In: J. Geraghty, P. Young (Ed.), Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28). Paper presented at Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 30th August - 1st September 2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Production complexity and its impact on manning
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2011 (English)In: Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28) / [ed] J. Geraghty, P. Young, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
production system, man-hour planning, management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7087 (URN)
Conference
Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 30th August - 1st September 2011
Available from: 2013-01-30 Created: 2013-01-30 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
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