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Axelsson, K. (2018). Canonical tag questions in contemporary British English. In: Vaclav Brezina, Robbie Love, Karin Aijmer (Ed.), Corpus approaches to contemporary British speech: Sociolinguistic studies of the Spoken BNC2014 (pp. 96-119). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Canonical tag questions in contemporary British English
2018 (English)In: Corpus approaches to contemporary British speech: Sociolinguistic studies of the Spoken BNC2014 / [ed] Vaclav Brezina, Robbie Love, Karin Aijmer, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 96-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Series
Routledge Advances in Corpus Linguistics
Keywords
tag questions, British English, sociolinguistics, gender, age, social grading
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15579 (URN)978-1-138-28727-3 (ISBN)978-1-315-26832-3 (ISBN)978-1-351-97573-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, K. (2014). Confirmation-demanding tag questions in fiction dialogue. In: Dylan Glynn & Mette Sjölin (Ed.), Subjectivity and epistemicity: Corpus, discourse, and literary approaches to stance (pp. 165-185). Lund: Lund University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Confirmation-demanding tag questions in fiction dialogue
2014 (English)In: Subjectivity and epistemicity: Corpus, discourse, and literary approaches to stance / [ed] Dylan Glynn & Mette Sjölin, Lund: Lund University , 2014, p. 165-185Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with tag questions to which an answer is demanded by a speaker who is certain about the truth of the proposition but who wants to hear the answer uttered by the addressee. Similar tag questions have previously been described based on data from courtrooms (e.g. Biscetti 2006), where tag questions are typically used by powerful speakers. However, data from the British National Corpus shows that confirmation-demanding tag questions may also be used outside institutional settings and in situations with various power relationships. Most of these examples are from fiction dialogue, where conflicts and confrontations are often depicted. In courtrooms, there is always an audience; however, in fiction dialogue, most confirmation-demanding questions in the data are found in private conversations. Confirmation-demanding tag questions seldom seem to be captured in conversational data, apart from in cases where the speaker wants the answer to be heard by a third party; it is therefore suggested that private confrontations might be underrepresented in conversational data. This paper also discusses functional categorizations of tag questions in general and argues that the unit of analysis should be the whole tag question, i.e. the anchor and the tag taken together, and not just the tag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lund University, 2014
Series
Lund Studies in English, ISSN 0076-1451 ; 117
Keywords
tag questions, fiction dialogue, courtroom discourse, English language, corpus linguistics: pragmatics
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11655 (URN)978-91-87833-19-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-03 Created: 2015-11-03 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, K. (2011). A cross-linguistic study of grammatically-dependent question tags Data and theoretical implications. Studies in Language, 35(4), 793-851
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-linguistic study of grammatically-dependent question tags Data and theoretical implications
2011 (English)In: Studies in Language, ISSN 0378-4177, E-ISSN 1569-9978, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 793-851Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article proposes a new categorization of confirmation-seeking question tags, based on how the use of such tags is restricted in relation to the preceding clause, the anchor. The focus is on a category labelled grammatically-dependent question tags (GDQTs). Earlier research has claimed that almost only English has such question tags, but this article presents and compares data on GDQTs from more than ten languages, and suggests a hierarchy for features of grammatical dependence in question tags: polarity < tense < number/person < (semantic) gender (possibly also < verb substitution). The GDQT structures vary in different ways: all GDQT languages have negative GDQTs, but not all have positive GDQTs; verb substitution is not always applied and constant polarity instead of reversed polarity is also found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2011
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5585 (URN)10.1075/sl.35.4.02axe (DOI)000299593600004 ()2-s2.0-84855213594 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-03-01 Created: 2012-03-01 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1159-6984

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