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Ruiz Castro, Pamela
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Ruiz Castro, P., Högberg, D., Ramsen, H., Bjursten, J. & Hanson, L. (2019). Virtual Simulation of Human-Robot Collaboration Workstations. In: Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander, Yushi Fujita (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume V: Human Simulation and Virtual Environments, Work With Computing Systems (WWCS), Process Control. Paper presented at International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy (pp. 250-261). Springer, 822
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume V: Human Simulation and Virtual Environments, Work With Computing Systems (WWCS), Process Control / [ed] Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander, Yushi Fujita, Springer, 2019, Vol. 822, p. 250-261Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The constant call in manufacturing for higher quality, efficiency, flexibility and cost effective solutions has been supported by technology developments and revised legislations in the area of collaborative robots. This allows for new types of workstations in industry where robots and humans co-operate in performing tasks. In addition to safety, the design of such collaborative workstations needs to consider the areas of ergonomics and task allocation to ensure appropriate work conditions for the operators, while providing overall system efficiency. The aim of this study is to illustrate the development and use of an integrated robot simulation and digital human modelling (DHM) tool, which is aimed to be a tool for engineers to create and confirm successful collaborative workstations. An assembly scenario from the vehicle industry was selected for its redesign into a collaborative workstation. The existing scenario as well as potential collaborative concepts are simulated and assessed using a version of the simulation tool IPS IMMA. The assembly use case illustrates the capabilities of the tool to represent and evaluate collaborative workstations in terms of ergonomics and efficiency assessments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 822
Keywords
Human-robot collaboration, Digital human modelling, Ergonomics, Virtual simulation, Collaborative workstations
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; INF202 Virtual Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16149 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96077-7_26 (DOI)000473064000026 ()2-s2.0-85052130622 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96076-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-96077-7 (ISBN)
Conference
International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy
Projects
Virtual Verification of Human-Robot Collaboration
Note

Acknowledgment

This work has been carried out within the Virtual Verification of Human-Robot Collaboration project, supported by VINNOVA/FFI and by the participating organizations. This support is gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks goes to Victoria Gonzalez, Volvo Trucks and FCC (Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre).

Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Högberg, D., Ruiz Castro, P., Mårdberg, P., Delfs, N., Nurbo, P., Fragoso, P., . . . Hanson, L. (2018). DHM Based Test Procedure Concept for Proactive Ergonomics Assessments in the Vehicle Interior Design Process. In: Sebastiano BagnaraRiccardo TartagliaSara AlbolinoThomas AlexanderYushi Fujita (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume V: Human Simulation and Virtual Environments. Paper presented at 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy (pp. 314-323). Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 822
Open this publication in new window or tab >>DHM Based Test Procedure Concept for Proactive Ergonomics Assessments in the Vehicle Interior Design Process
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume V: Human Simulation and Virtual Environments / [ed] Sebastiano BagnaraRiccardo TartagliaSara AlbolinoThomas AlexanderYushi Fujita, Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018, Vol. 822, p. 314-323Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The development of a digital human modelling (DHM) based test procedure concept for the assessment of physical ergonomics conditions in virtual phases of the vehicle interior design process is illustrated and discussed. The objective of the test procedure is to be a valuable tool for ergonomic evaluations and decision support along the design process, so that ergonomic issues can be dealt with in an efficient, objective and proactive manner. The test procedure is devised to support companies in having stable and objective processes, in accordance with lean product development (LPD) philosophies. The overall structure and fundamental functionality of the test procedure concept is explained by a simplified use case, utilizing the DHM tool IPS IMMA to: define manikin families and manikin tasks; predict manikin motions; and visualize simulations and ergonomics evaluation outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 822
Keywords
Digital human modelling, Ergonomics, Design, Vehicle Interior, Assessment, Test Procedure, Lean product development
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; INF202 Virtual Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16141 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96077-7_33 (DOI)000473064000033 ()2-s2.0-85052082936 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96076-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-96077-7 (ISBN)
Conference
20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy
Projects
Virtual Driver Ergonomics
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160296
Available from: 2018-09-04 Created: 2018-09-04 Last updated: 2019-07-12Bibliographically approved
Iriondo Pascual, A., Högberg, D., Kolbeinsson, A., Ruiz Castro, P., Mahdavian, N. & Hanson, L. (2018). Proposal of an Intuitive Interface Structure for Ergonomics Evaluation Software. In: Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander, Yushi Fujita (Ed.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VIII: Ergonomics and Human Factors in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, Sustainable Development and Mining. Paper presented at International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy (pp. 289-300). Cham: Springer, 825
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proposal of an Intuitive Interface Structure for Ergonomics Evaluation Software
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2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Volume VIII: Ergonomics and Human Factors in Manufacturing, Agriculture, Building and Construction, Sustainable Development and Mining / [ed] Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander, Yushi Fujita, Cham: Springer, 2018, Vol. 825, p. 289-300Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nowadays, different technologies and software for ergonomics evaluations are gaining greater relevance in the field of ergonomics and production development. The tools allow users such as ergonomists and engineers to perform assessments of ergonomic conditions of work, both related to work simulated in digital human modelling (DHM) tools or based on recordings of work performed by real operators. Regardless of approach, there are many dimensions of data that needs to be processed and presented to the users.

The users may have a range of different expectations and purposes from reading the data. Examples of situations are to: judge and compare different design solutions; analyse data in relation to anthropometric differences among subjects; investigate different body regions; assess data based on different time perspectives; and to perform assessments according to different types of ergonomics evaluation methods. The range of different expectations and purposes from reading the data increases the complexity of creating an interface that considers all the necessary tools and functions that the users require, while at the same time offer high usability.

This paper focuses on the structural design of a flexible and intuitive interface for an ergonomics evaluation software that possesses the required tools and functions to analyse work situations from different perspectives, where the data input can be either from DHM tools or from real operators while performing work. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 2194-5365 ; 825
Keywords
Ergonomics, Interface, Data Management
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; INF202 Virtual Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16185 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96068-5_32 (DOI)000468070400032 ()2-s2.0-85052146989 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-96067-8 (ISBN)978-3-319-96068-5 (ISBN)
Conference
International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), August 26-30, 2018, Florence, Italy
Projects
Smart Textiles for a Sustainable Work Life
Note

This work has been made possible with the support from Vinnova/UDI in Sweden, in the project Smart Textiles for a Sustainable Work Life, and by the participating organizations. This support is gratefully acknowledged.

Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved
Mahdavian, N., Ruiz Castro, P., Brolin, E., Högberg, D. & Hanson, L. (2017). Digital human modelling in a virtual environment of CAD parts and a point cloud. In: Sascha Wischniewski & Thomas Alexander (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium: . Paper presented at 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, Bonn, Germany, June 26-28, 2017 (pp. 283-291). Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital human modelling in a virtual environment of CAD parts and a point cloud
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2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium / [ed] Sascha Wischniewski & Thomas Alexander, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , 2017, p. 283-291Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Manual assembly is a time and cost consuming phase of production. It is crucial to design the assembly process so that overall system efficiency, quality output and human well-being meet desired levels. Since manual assembly involve humans, one support in the production design process is to use digital human modelling (DHM) tools to model and assess different design scenarios prior to the actual production process. In the traditional way, various CAD tools are used by engineers to model the production layout and the workstations. Then, these models typically are imported into a DHM tool to simulate human work, and to apply ergonomic evaluation methods on the simulated work tasks. This work, supported by CAD and DHM, can be a time consuming and iterative process as precise information and measurements of the actual assembly environment are needed, e.g. related to actual geometries of factory premises or of facilities surrounding the workstations. However, introducing point cloud scanning technology can provide the user with a more correct and realistic virtual representation of the environment, which allows for a faster and more precise design process.The aim of this paper is to present the developments and capabilities of the DHM tool IPS IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikins) in an assembly process and in a virtual environment provided by point cloud scanning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2017
Keywords
digital human modelling (DHM), point cloud, assembly, IPS IMMA
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; INF202 Virtual Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14018 (URN)
Conference
5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, Bonn, Germany, June 26-28, 2017
Projects
3D-SILVER
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-01451
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Ruiz Castro, P., Mahdavian, N., Brolin, E., Högberg, D. & Hanson, L. (2017). IPS IMMA for designing human-robot collaboration workstations. In: Sascha Wischniewski & Thomas Alexander (Ed.), Proceedings of the 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium: . Paper presented at 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, Bonn, Germany, June 26-28, 2017 (pp. 263-273). Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium / [ed] Sascha Wischniewski & Thomas Alexander, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , 2017, p. 263-273Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The global competition has forced manufacturing companies to further increase their productivity. This, together with technology development and changes in regulations, have led to the introduction of new types of workstations in production lines, where human operators collaborate with industrial robots to perform work tasks. As any type of product, these workstations need to be designed in the most optimal way to deliver the expected value. In the design process of these collaborative workstations, separate virtual simulations of industrial robots and human operators can be made with multiple commercial software. Separate simulations reduce the efficiency of the design process and makes it harder to identify successful design solutions. Hence, there is a need for software tools that are capable of simultaneous simulation of the human-robot collaboration in a workstation. Providing engineers with such tools will assist their tasks to optimize the human and robot workflow, while proactively ensuring proper ergonomic conditions for operators.This paper describes and illustrates how the digital human modelling (DHM) tool IPS IMMA can aid in the design of human-robot collaboration workstations. A use case where the human operator collaborates with a robot to produce a section of a pedal car in a virtual scenario is described. The use case illustrates the current capabilities and limitations of the software to simulate human-robot collaborations in workstations. Hence, the use case aims to provide input for further development of DHM tools aimed to assist the design of human-robot collaboration workstations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2017
Keywords
Digital Human Modelling, Human-Robot Collaboration, Simulation, Workstation Design
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; INF202 Virtual Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14019 (URN)
Conference
5th International Digital Human Modeling Symposium, Bonn, Germany, June 26-28, 2017
Projects
Virtual Verification of Human-Robot Collaboration
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-03719
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Bergman, C., Ruiz Castro, P., Högberg, D. & Hanson, L. (2015). Implementation of Suitable Comfort Model for Posture and Motion Prediction in DHM Supported Vehicle Design. Paper presented at 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015), Las Vegas, USA, 26-30 July 2015. Procedia Manufacturing, 3, 3753-3758
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of Suitable Comfort Model for Posture and Motion Prediction in DHM Supported Vehicle Design
2015 (English)In: Procedia Manufacturing, ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 3, p. 3753-3758Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Driver-vehicle interaction analyses are done to ensure a successful vehicle design from an ergonomics perspective. Digital Human Modelling (DHM) tools are often used to support such verifications, particularly at early stages of the product development process. When verifying that a vehicle design accommodates the diversity of users and tasks, a DHM tool needs to be able to represent postures and motions that are likely under certain conditions. This functionality is essential so that the tool user will obtain objective and repeatable simulation results. The DHM tool IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikins) predicts postures and motions by using computational methods. This offers the possibility to generate postures and motions that are unique for the present design conditions. IMMA was originally developed for simulating manual assembly work, whereas the work presented here is a step towards utilizing the IMMA tool for occupant packaging and related tasks. The objective is a tool for virtual verification of driver-vehicle interaction that supports and automates the simulation work to a high degree. The prediction functionality in IMMA is based on the use of optimization algorithms where one important component is the consideration of comfort level. This paper reports results from an basic investigation of driving postures and available comfort models suitable in a driving context, and shows initial results of seated posture and motion prediction functionality in the IMMA tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
Occupant packaging, DHM, Comfort model
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Technology; User Centred Product Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11673 (URN)10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.816 (DOI)000383740303120 ()2-s2.0-85009997703 (Scopus ID)
Conference
6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015), Las Vegas, USA, 26-30 July 2015
Projects
Virtual Driver
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20140296
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2018-12-28Bibliographically approved
Bergman, C., Ruiz Castro, P., Högberg, D. & Hanson, L. (2015). Implementation of Suitable Comfort Model for Posture and Motion Prediction in DHM Supported Vehicle Design. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015): . Paper presented at 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015), Las Vegas, USA, 26-30 July 2015. AHFE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of Suitable Comfort Model for Posture and Motion Prediction in DHM Supported Vehicle Design
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015), AHFE , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Driver-vehicle interaction analyses are done to ensure a successful vehicle design from an ergonomics perspective. Digital Human Modelling (DHM) tools are often used to support such verifications, particularly at early stages of the product development process. When verifying that a vehicle design accommodates the diversity of users and tasks, a DHM tool needs to be able to represent postures and motions that are likely under certain conditions. This functionality is essential so that the tool user will obtain objective and repeatable simulation results. The DHM tool IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikins) predicts postures and motions by using computational methods. This offers the possibility to generate postures and motions that are unique for the present design conditions. IMMA was originally developed for simulating manual assembly work, whereas the work presented here is a step towards utilizing the IMMA tool for occupant packaging and related tasks. The objective is a tool for virtual verification of driver-vehicle interaction that supports and automates the simulation work to a high degree. The prediction functionality in IMMA is based on the use of optimization algorithms where one important component is the consideration of comfort level. This paper reports results from an basic investigation of driving postures and available comfort models suitable in a driving context, and shows initial results of seated posture and motion prediction functionality in the IMMA tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AHFE, 2015
Keywords
Occupant packaging, DHM, Comfort model
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Technology; User Centred Product Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11402 (URN)1495160424 (ISBN)
Conference
6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015), Las Vegas, USA, 26-30 July 2015
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20140296
Available from: 2015-08-22 Created: 2015-08-22 Last updated: 2019-03-08Bibliographically approved
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