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Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Zare, Z., Sadeghi-Bazargani, H., Stark Ekman, D., Ranjbar, F., Ekman, R., Farahbakhsh, M. & Maghsoudi, H. (2019). Cognitive Distortions as Trauma-Specific Irrational Beliefs Among Burn Patients. Journal of Burn Care & Research, 40(3), 361-367
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cognitive Distortions as Trauma-Specific Irrational Beliefs Among Burn Patients
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 361-367Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Burn injuries are most certainly stressful events, particularly when permanent disfigurement is a result. This situation can lead to the onset of irrational beliefs which can in turn lead to long-term psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, shame, guilt, posttraumatic stress, etc. The objective of this study is to explore the irrational beliefs among burn patients and its correlates in an Iranian sample. This cross-sectional study included 329 patients who had experienced disfigurement, as result of burn injuries. In order to assess irrational beliefs, a Scale for Irrational Thoughts after Burning was used. To identify correlated variables with irrational beliefs, both bivariate and multivariate analysis methods were conducted. In multivariate linear regression, forward strategy was used for building the model. The results of bivariate analysis showed that the location of the burn on bodies (body parts generally exposed in social environment or parts culturally perceived as sensitive areas of body), marital status, urbanities, age group, geographical areas, etiology of burning, and intent of injury had significant relationships with irrational beliefs (P < .05). Using forward linear regression, gender, marital status, geographical areas, etiology of burning, body burn by location (body parts generally exposed in social environment or parts culturally perceived as sensitive areas of body), and intent of injury had significant correlation with irrational beliefs. The models predicted 15.5% (P < .001) of irrational beliefs. Considering to irrational beliefs and development of facilities for screening is necessary. Moreover, consultation with mental health experts after burn injuries is highly recommended. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2019
Keywords
burns, depressive disorders, burning sensation
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17239 (URN)10.1093/jbcr/irz026 (DOI)31222273 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85066788231 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Timpka, T., Schyllander, J., Stark Ekman, D., Ekman, R., Dahlström, Ö., Hägglund, M., . . . Jacobsson, J. (2018). Community-level football injury epidemiology: traumatic injuries treated at Swedish emergency medical facilities. European Journal of Public Health, 28(1), 94-99
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community-level football injury epidemiology: traumatic injuries treated at Swedish emergency medical facilities
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 94-99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties.

Methods: An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location.

Results: Each year, more than 1/200 person aged 0-59 years sustained at least one injury during football play that required emergency medical care. The highest injury incidence was observed among adolescent boys [2009 injuries per 100 000 population years (95% CI 1914-2108)] and adolescent girls [1413 injuries per 100 000 population years (95% CI 1333-1498)]. For female adolescents and adults, knee joint/ligament injury was the outstanding injury type (20% in ages 13-17 years and 34% in ages 18-29 years). For children aged 7-12 years, more than half of the treated injuries involved the upper extremity; fractures constituted about one-third of these injuries.

Conclusions: One of every 200 residents aged 0-59 years in typical Swedish counties each year sustained a traumatic football injury that required treatment in emergency healthcare. Further research on community-level patterns of overuse syndromes sustained by participation in football play is warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
Keywords
epidemiology, adolescent, child, soccer, wounds and injuries, football, community
National Category
Clinical Medicine Health Sciences
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14765 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckx053 (DOI)000424126000018 ()28510641 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85041690052 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Zare, Z., Sadeghi-Bazargani, H., Ranjbar, F., Stark Ekman, D., Farahbakhsh, M., Maghsoudi, H., . . . Nasiri, F. (2017). Psychometric Properties of a New Instrument for Assessing Irrational Thoughts in Burn Victims (Scale of Irrational Thoughts After Burn Injuries). Journal of Burn Care & Research, 38(5), e834-e841
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychometric Properties of a New Instrument for Assessing Irrational Thoughts in Burn Victims (Scale of Irrational Thoughts After Burn Injuries)
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 38, no 5, p. e834-e841Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a scale for assessing irrational thoughts among burned patients. The present study was mixed (qualitative-methodologic) which was performed in several stages such as investigating similar or related scales, interviewing with patients and psychologists. Content validity was calculated by modified KAPPA basis on relevance and clarity. The reliability of the scale was measured using internal consistency and the test-retest method. To determine the construct validity, exploratory factor analysis approach using maximum likelihood extraction with varimax rotation was conducted. A total of 329 burned patients were recruited from Tehran, Tabriz, and Kermanshah provinces of Iran. Modified kappa scores were 0.80 and 0.91 for relevance and clarity of the items included in scale. The Cronbach alpha for overall scale, subscale 1, and subscale 2 were 0.89, 0.88, and 0.8, respectively. Test-retest reliability was also acceptable (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.80). The best solution from the maximum likelihood analysis of the 39 items of the scale revealed two factors corresponding to the two subscales with 14 items that subscale 1 (self-acceptance) consisted of 10 statements accounting for 60% of the variance (eigenvalue = 5.04) and subscale 2 (distastefulness and pity) consisted of four statements accounting for 40% of the variance (eigenvalue = 1.53). The scale reflects acceptable levels of validity and reliability in assessing the irrational thoughts among Iranian patients. Moreover, the testing populations of both patients with burned faces and patients with other burned body parts indicates that the scale may also be applicable for patients' burn disfigurements on any part of their bodies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2017
National Category
Clinical Medicine Health Sciences
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14184 (URN)10.1097/BCR.0000000000000498 (DOI)000408583100007 ()28212131 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85013127213 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-01 Created: 2017-10-01 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Ekman, R., Stark Ekman, D., Schyllander, J. & Schelp, L. (2016). Reducing visits to local health care by one third safety promotion efforts in Western Sweden. Paper presented at Safety 2016 World Conference, 18–21 September 2016, Tampere, Finland. Injury Prevention, 22, A85-A85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reducing visits to local health care by one third safety promotion efforts in Western Sweden
2016 (English)In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, p. A85-A85Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13981 (URN)10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042156.234 (DOI)000405066800235 ()
Conference
Safety 2016 World Conference, 18–21 September 2016, Tampere, Finland
Available from: 2017-08-11 Created: 2017-08-11 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A., Stark Ekman, D. & Kylberg, E. (2014). Differing attitudes toward health and sickness. In: Linwood H. Cousins (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human services and diversity: (pp. 616-618). Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differing attitudes toward health and sickness
2014 (English)In: Encyclopedia of human services and diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 616-618Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12114 (URN)10.4135/9781483346663 (DOI)9781452287485 (ISBN)9781483346663 (ISBN)
Note

10.4135/9781483346663.n263

Available from: 2016-04-15 Created: 2016-04-08 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Stark Ekman, D., Kazemi, A. & Kylberg, E. (2014). Health promotion services. In: Linwood H. Cousins (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human services and diversity: (pp. 632-634). Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health promotion services
2014 (English)In: Encyclopedia of human services and diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 632-634Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2014
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12126 (URN)10.4135/9781483346663 (DOI)9781452287485 (ISBN)9781483346663 (ISBN)
Note

10.4135/9781483346663.n270

Available from: 2016-04-15 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Stark Ekman, D., Kazemi, A. & Kylberg, E. (2014). Home and community services. In: Linwood H. Cousins (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity: (pp. 651-653). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Home and community services
2014 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2014, p. 651-653Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2014
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12127 (URN)9781452287485 (ISBN)9781483346663 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-19 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Kylberg, E., Stark Ekman, D. & Kazemi, A. (2014). Nutritional services and assessment. In: Linwood H. Cousins (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity: (pp. 975-977). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nutritional services and assessment
2014 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2014, p. 975-977Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2014
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12121 (URN)10.4135/9781483346663.n423 (DOI)9781452287485 (ISBN)9781483346663 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-04-08 Created: 2016-04-08 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1943-8216

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