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Bäckström, Caroline A.ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3347-482X
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Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Bäckström, C. (2018). Professional and social support for first-time mothers and partners during childbearing. (Doctoral dissertation). Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professional and social support for first-time mothers and partners during childbearing
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Expecting a child and becoming a parent is one of life’s major events, during which the parents’ perspective on life and their couple relationship changes. For some parents, childbearing entails a decrease in parental couple relationship quality. The way in which parents are able to cope with childbearing may be connected with their Sense of Coherence; which is a person’s ability to perceive life as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. For parents’ positive childbearing experiences, professional and social support have been proven to be valuable. However, far from all parents have access to social support; furthermore, professional support does not always meet the needs of expectant parents. Hence, more research is needed to increase knowledge about expectant parents’ experiences of professiona land social support. In addition, more research is needed to explore factors associated with quality of couple relationship among parents during childbearing.

Aims: The overall aim of the thesis was to explore professional and social support for first-time mothers and partners during childbearing in relation toquality of couple relationship and Sense of Coherence.

Methods: The study’s designs were explorative, prospective and longitudinal; both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Specifically, explorative designs, qualitative methods and phenomenographic analysis were used to explore expectant first-time mothers’ (I) and partners’ perceptions of professional support (II). Furthermore, an explorative design, qualitative method and qualitative content analysis were used to explore expectant first-time mothers’ experiences of social support (III). Within Study IV, a prospective longitudinal design, descriptive statistics, non-parametric tests and multiple linear regression analysis were used to evaluate factors associated with quality of couple relationship among first-time mothers and partners, during pregnancy and the first six months of parenthood.

Results: The overall results of the thesis revealed both similarities and differences between expectant first-time mothers’ and partners’ perceptions of professional support, effects from social support and associated factors with perceived quality of couple relationship. The similarities were; both mothers and partners perceived that professional support could facilitate partner involvement, influence their couple relationship and facilitate contacts with other expectant parents. According to first-time mothers’ experiences, their couple relationship with their partner was also strengthened by social support during pregnancy. Further, the results showed that both first-time mothers’ and partners’ higher perceived couple relationship quality six months after birth, was associated with their higher perceived social support. The results showed also that both mothers and partners perceived their quality of couple relationship to decrease and Sense of Coherence to increase six months after childbirth, compared to the pregnancy. Differences revealed were such as: higher Sense of Coherence was only associated with mothers’ higher perceived quality of couple relationship, and first-time mothers reported perceiving more social support compared to the partners both during pregnancy, first week and six months after childbirth.

Conclusions: Professional and social support can strengthen first-time mothers and partners both individually and as a couple, in their abilities to cope with childbearing. On the individual basis, the expectant parents could be strengthened through professional and social support that contributed to their understanding and feeling of being prepared for childbirth and parenting, for instance. As a couple, the parents were strengthened by professional support that included the partner’s role, as well as higher perceived social support overall. In contrast, lack of support could have a negative influence on the expectant parents’ feeling of being prepared for childbirth and parenting. Besides this, the results indicates that childbearing has a positive effect on parents’ abilities to cope with life even though their quality of couple relationship decrease. Professionals can use these results in their further understanding about how to offer satisfactory support to first-time mothers and partners during childbearing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, 2018. p. 108
Series
Dissertation Series. School of Health and Welfare, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 086
Keywords
Pregnancy, Childbirth, Couple Relationship, Parent, Father, Co-mother, Sense of Coherence
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15003 (URN)978-91-85835-85-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-02-02, Insikten, Portalen, Kanikegränd 3, Skövde, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Delarbeten 1. “It's like a puzzle”: Pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care 2. 'To be able to support her, I must feel calm and safe': Pregnant women's partners perceptions of professional support during pregnancy 3. ‘It makes you feel like you are not alone’: Expectant first-time mothers’ experiences of social support within the social network, when preparing for childbirth and parenting 4. Quality of couple relationship among first-time mothers and partners,during pregnancy and the first six months of parenthood (Preprint. Resubmitted, December 2017)

Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C., Kåreholt, I., Thorstensson, S., Golsäter, M. & Mårtensson, L. B. (2018). Quality of couple relationship among first-time mothers and partners during pregnancy and the first six months of parenthood. Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, 17, 56-64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of couple relationship among first-time mothers and partners during pregnancy and the first six months of parenthood
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2018 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 17, p. 56-64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16252 (URN)10.1016/j.srhc.2018.07.001 (DOI)000445980700011 ()30193721 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049784672 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Föräldrastödstudien
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-10-23Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C. (2018). Stöd till förstagångsföräldrar i samband med barnafödande. Jordemodern, 131(1), 4-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stöd till förstagångsföräldrar i samband med barnafödande
2018 (Swedish)In: Jordemodern, ISSN 0021-7468, Vol. 131, no 1, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Barnmorskeförbundet, 2018
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14802 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-08 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2019-11-20Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C., Larsson, T., Wahlgren, E., Golsäter, M., Mårtensson, L. B. & Thorstensson, S. (2017). ‘It makes you feel like you are not alone’: Expectant first-time mothers’ experiences of social support within the social network, when preparing for childbirth and parenting. Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, 12, 51-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘It makes you feel like you are not alone’: Expectant first-time mothers’ experiences of social support within the social network, when preparing for childbirth and parenting
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2017 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 12, p. 51-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Social support, Pregnancy, Women, Mother, Expectant, First-time, Content analysis
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13513 (URN)10.1016/j.srhc.2017.02.007 (DOI)000401884100009 ()28477932 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85014870424 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-04-20 Created: 2017-04-20 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C., Thorstensson, S., Mårtensson, L. B., Grimming, R., Nyblin, Y. & Golsäter, M. (2017). 'To be able to support her, I must feel calm and safe': pregnant women's partners perceptions of professional support during pregnancy. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17, 1-11, Article ID 234.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'To be able to support her, I must feel calm and safe': pregnant women's partners perceptions of professional support during pregnancy
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2017 (English)In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 17, p. 1-11, article id 234Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Professional support does not always meet the needs of expectant fathers or co-mothers. The way in which professional support is offered during pregnancy varies internationally, depending on the country. In order to attain a greater understanding of partners' experiences of professional support, it is necessary to further illuminate their perceptions of it. The aim of this study was therefore to explore pregnant women's partners' perceptions of professional support during pregnancy. Methods: Qualitative research design. Partners of pregnant women were interviewed during gestational week 36-38. Individual semi-structured interviews were used to explore the partners' perceptions. The data was analysed using a phenomenographic approach. The study was performed in a county in south-western Sweden; the data collection was conducted from November 2014 to February 2015. Fourteen partners (expectant fathers and co-mothers) of women who were expectant first-time mothers with singleton pregnancies, were interviewed. Results: The findings of the study are presented through four descriptive categories: Ability to absorb adequate information; Possibility to meet and share with other expectant parents; Confirmation of the partner's importance; and Influence on the couple relationship. Using a theoretical assumption of the relationship between the categories showed that the fourth category was influenced by the other three categories. Conclusions: The partners perceived that professional support during pregnancy could influence the couple relationship. The partners' ability to communicate and to experience togetherness with the women increased when the expectant couple received professional support together. The support created also possibilities to meet and share experiences with other expectant parents. In contrast, a lack of support was found to contribute to partners' feelings of unimportance. It was essential that the midwives included the partners by confirming that they were individuals who had different needs for various types of professional support. The partners perceived it easier to absorb information when it was adequate and given with a pedagogic that made the partners become interested and emotionally engaged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central Ltd., 2017
National Category
Health Sciences Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13972 (URN)10.1186/s12884-017-1411-8 (DOI)000405739400003 ()28716133 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85024102911 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-10 Created: 2017-08-10 Last updated: 2019-11-26Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C. A., Mårtensson, L. B., Golsäter, M. H. & Thorstensson, S. A. (2016). "It's like a puzzle": Pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care. Women and Birth, 29(6), e110-e118
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"It's like a puzzle": Pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care
2016 (English)In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 29, no 6, p. e110-e118Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ProblemPregnant women are not always satisfied with the professional support they receive during their midwifery care. More knowledge is needed to understand what professional support pregnant women need for childbirth and parenting.

BackgroundChildbearing and the transition to becoming a parent is a sensitive period in one's life during which one should have the opportunity to receive professional support. Professional support does not always correspond to pregnant women's needs. To understand pregnant women's needs for professional support within midwifery care, it is crucial to further illuminate women's experiences of this support.

AimTo explore pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care.

MethodsA qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Fifteen women were interviewed during gestational weeks 36–38. Data was analysed using phenomenography.

FindingsThe women perceived professional support in midwifery care to be reassuring and emotional, to consist of reliable information, and to be mediated with pedagogical creativity. The professional support facilitated new social contacts, partner involvement and contributed to mental preparedness. The findings of the study were presented in six categories and the category Professional support contributes to mental preparedness was influenced by the five other categories.

ConclusionPregnant women prepare for childbirth and parenting by using several different types of professional support in midwifery care: a strategy that could be described as piecing together a puzzle. When the women put the puzzle together, each type of professional support works as a valuable piece in the whole puzzle. Through this, professional support could contribute to women's mental preparedness for childbirth and parenting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Professional support, Midwife, Pregnant, Women, Childbirth
National Category
Nursing Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12266 (URN)10.1016/j.wombi.2016.04.011 (DOI)000393092900003 ()27199171 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84967104270 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Föräldrastödstudien
Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-19 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C., Hertfelt Wahn, E. & Ekström, A. (2012). Två sidor av amningsstöd. Jordemodern - Tema Amning (3), 40-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Två sidor av amningsstöd
2012 (Swedish)In: Jordemodern - Tema Amning, ISSN 0021-7468, no 3, p. 40-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Barnmorskeförbundet, 2012
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5894 (URN)
Available from: 2012-05-24 Created: 2012-05-24 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C. A., Hertfelt Wahn, E. I. & Ekström, A. C. (2012). Zwei Seiten der Stillberatung: Erfahrungen von Frauen und Hebammen. Laktation und Stillen, 25(2), 56-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Zwei Seiten der Stillberatung: Erfahrungen von Frauen und Hebammen
2012 (German)In: Laktation und Stillen, ISSN 1614-807X, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 56-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELACTA Europäische LaktationsberaterInnen Allianz, 2012
Keywords
Amning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7238 (URN)
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-15 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C. & Hertfelt Wahn, E. (2011). Support during labour: first-time fathers' descriptions of requested and received support during the birth of their child. Midwifery, 27(1), 67-73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support during labour: first-time fathers' descriptions of requested and received support during the birth of their child
2011 (English)In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 67-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective:  to explore how first-time fathers describe requested and received support during a normal birth. Design:  qualitative research design. Ten first-time fathers were interviewed during the first postpartum week.  Individual  open-ended  interviews  were  used  to  explore  the  fathers’  descriptions,  and  the interviews were analysed using qualitative analysis. Setting:  a labour ward at one hospital in a south-western county of Sweden in November and December 2006. Participants:  first-time  fathers  who  had  experienced  a  normal  birth  at  the  hospital  during  the study period. Findings:  the support described is presented as one main theme, ‘being involved or being left out’, which included four underlying categories: ‘an allowing atmosphere’, ‘balancing involvement’, ‘being seen’ and ‘feeling left out’. Key conclusions:  fathers perceived that they were given good support when they were allowed to ask questions during labour, when they had the opportunity to interact with the midwife and their partner, and when they could choose when to be involved or to step back. Fathers want to be seen as individuals who are part of the labouring couple. If fathers are left out, they tend to feel helpless; this can result in a feeling of panic and can put their supportive role of their partner at risk. Implications  for practice:  the  results  of  this  study could  initiate  discussions  about  how  health-care professionals can develop support given to the labouring couple, with an interest in increasing paternal involvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011
Keywords
Childbirth, Experience, Father, Midwife, Support
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-4669 (URN)10.1016/j.midw.2009.07.001 (DOI)000286621700014 ()19783334 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-79151476023 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2011-01-28 Created: 2011-01-28 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, C., Hertfelt Wahn, E. & Ekström, A. (2011). Två perspektiv på amningsstöd. Amningsnytt (3), 4-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Två perspektiv på amningsstöd
2011 (Swedish)In: Amningsnytt, ISSN 1102-7207, no 3, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amningshjälpen, 2011
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-5823 (URN)
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3347-482X

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