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Walleczek, J., Grössing, G., Pylkkänen, P. & Hiley, B. (2019). Emergent quantum mechanics: David Bohm Centennial perspectives. Entropy, 21(2), Article ID 113.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emergent quantum mechanics: David Bohm Centennial perspectives
2019 (English)In: Entropy, ISSN 1099-4300, E-ISSN 1099-4300, Vol. 21, no 2, article id 113Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Emergent quantum mechanics (EmQM) explores the possibility of an ontology for quantum mechanics. The resurgence of interest in realist approaches to quantum mechanics challenges the standard textbook view, which represents an operationalist approach. The possibility of an ontological, i.e., realist, quantum mechanics was first introduced with the original de Broglie-Bohm theory, which has also been developed in another context as Bohmian mechanics. This Editorial introduces a Special Issue featuring contributions which were invited as part of the David Bohm Centennial symposium of the EmQM conference series (www.emqm17.org). Questions directing the EmQM research agenda are: Is reality intrinsically random or fundamentally interconnected? Is the universe local or nonlocal? Might a radically new conception of reality include a form of quantum causality or quantum ontology? What is the role of the experimenter agent in ontological quantum mechanics? The Special Issue also includes research examining ontological propositions that are not based on the Bohm-type nonlocality. These include, for example, local, yet time-symmetric, ontologies, such as quantum models based upon retrocausality. This Editorial provides topical overviews of thirty-one contributions which are organized into seven categories to provide orientation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
Bohmian mechanics, Conscious agent, De Broglie-Bohm theory, Emergent quantum mechanics, Nonlocality, Quantum causality, Quantum ontology, Retrocausality, Time-symmetry
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Philosophy
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16683 (URN)10.3390/e21020113 (DOI)000460742200014 ()2-s2.0-85061966075 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-08 Created: 2019-03-08 Last updated: 2019-07-01
Walleczek, J., Grössing, G., Pylkkänen, P. & Hiley, B. (Eds.). (2019). Emergent Quantum Mechanics: David Bohm Centennial Perspectives. MDPI
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emergent Quantum Mechanics: David Bohm Centennial Perspectives
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Philosophy
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16791 (URN)10.3390/books978-3-03897-617-2 (DOI)978-3-03897-616-5 (ISBN)978-3-03897-617-2 (ISBN)
Note

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Emergent Quantum Mechanics – David Bohm Centennial Perspectives that was published in Entropy

Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2019). Henry Stapp Vs. David Bohm on Mind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics. Activitas Nervosa Superior: Journal for Neuroscience and Cognitive Research, 61(1-2), 48-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Henry Stapp Vs. David Bohm on Mind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics
2019 (English)In: Activitas Nervosa Superior: Journal for Neuroscience and Cognitive Research, ISSN 1802-9698, Vol. 61, no 1-2, p. 48-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper briefly discusses some of David Bohm’s views on mind and matter and suggests that they allow for a stronger possibility for conscious free will to influence quantum dynamics than Henry Stapp’s approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Consciousness, Collapse of the wave function, Free will, Mental causation, Active information, Bohm theory, Stapp
National Category
Philosophy Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16792 (URN)10.1007/s41470-019-00035-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85066476186 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2018). Quantum Theories of Consciousness (1ed.). In: Rocco J. Gennaro (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness: (pp. 216-231). Taylor & Francis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantum Theories of Consciousness
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness / [ed] Rocco J. Gennaro, Taylor & Francis, 2018, 1, p. 216-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter provides a brief historical introduction to quantum theory, and shows that the theory opens up some radically new ways of thinking about the place of mind and consciousness in nature. Quantum theory is all about learning, on the basis of scientific experiments, to question the "obvious" truths about the nature of the physical world and to come up with more coherent alternatives. The chapter considers the famous two-slit experiment. It explores what the different interpretations of quantum theory say about situations like the two-slit experiment, and also considers what kind of theories of mind and consciousness some interpretations have inspired. The attempt to explain mind and consciousness in terms of the quantum theory involves heavy speculation. The advances in quantum biology, while not giving direct support to quantum brain theory, perhaps make a biologically grounded quantum theory of consciousness seem less inconceivable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Philosophy Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Subatomic Physics
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16266 (URN)10.4324/9781315676982 (DOI)000462276300017 ()2-s2.0-85046922504 (Scopus ID)9781317386810 (ISBN)9781138936218 (ISBN)9781315676982 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2017). Is there room in quantum ontology for a genuine causal role of consciousness?. In: Emmanuel Haven and Andrei Khrennikov (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science: Applications and Grand Challenges (pp. 293-317). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is there room in quantum ontology for a genuine causal role of consciousness?
2017 (English)In: The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science: Applications and Grand Challenges / [ed] Emmanuel Haven and Andrei Khrennikov, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 293-317Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Western philosophy and science have a strongly dualistic tradition regarding the mental and physical aspects of reality, which makes it difficult to understand their possible causal relations. In recent debates in cognitive neuroscience it has been common to claim on the basis of neural experiments that conscious experiences are causally inefficacious. At the same time there is much evidence that consciousness does play an important role in guiding behavior. The author explores whether a new way of understanding the causal role of mental states and consciousness could be provided by the ontological interpretation of the quantum theory (Bohm and Hiley, Phys. Rep. 144:323–348, 1987; Bohm and Hiley, The undivided universe: An ontological interpretation of quantum theory. Routledge: London, 1993). This interpretation radically changes our notion of matter by suggesting that a new type of active information plays a causal role at the quantum level of reality. The author thus considers to what extent the alleged causal powers of consciousness involve information, and then moves on to consider whether information in (conscious) mental states can be connected to the information at the level of quantum physics. In this way he sketches how quantum theory might help to throw light upon one of the grand challenges facing the social sciences and the humanities, namely the question of whether consciousness plays any genuine causal role in the physical world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2017
Keywords
Function of consciousness, Mental causation, Epiphenomenalism, Active information, Bohm, Hiley
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10973 (URN)10.1057/978-1-137-49276-0_14 (DOI)978-1-137-49276-0 (ISBN)978-1-137-49275-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2017). The crisis of intelligibility in physics and the prospects of a new form of scientific rationality. In: Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren (Ed.), On the Human Condition: Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright (pp. 373-399). Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The crisis of intelligibility in physics and the prospects of a new form of scientific rationality
2017 (English)In: On the Human Condition: Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright / [ed] Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren, Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland , 2017, p. 373-399Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland, 2017
Series
Acta Philosophica Fennica, ISSN 0355-1792 ; 93
Keywords
scientific rationality, world-view, intelligibility, quantum theory, von Wright, Bohm
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14638 (URN)978-951-9264-86-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2017). The role of Eastern approaches in David Bohm's scientific-philosophical odysseia. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 131, 171-178
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of Eastern approaches in David Bohm's scientific-philosophical odysseia
2017 (English)In: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0079-6107, E-ISSN 1873-1732, Vol. 131, p. 171-178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Philosophy Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14729 (URN)10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2017.08.015 (DOI)000423004600013 ()28863930 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85029664407 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-02-08 Created: 2018-02-08 Last updated: 2018-02-12Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2016). Can Bohmian Quantum Information Help us to Understand Consciousness?. In: Harald Atmanspacher, Thomas Filk, Emmanuel Pothos (Ed.), Quantum Interaction: 9th International Conference, QI 2015, Filzbach, Switzerland, July 15-17, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 76-87). Springer Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can Bohmian Quantum Information Help us to Understand Consciousness?
2016 (English)In: Quantum Interaction: 9th International Conference, QI 2015, Filzbach, Switzerland, July 15-17, 2015, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Harald Atmanspacher, Thomas Filk, Emmanuel Pothos, Springer Publishing Company, 2016, p. 76-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper explores whether David Bohm’ s proposal about quantum theoretical active information, and the mind-matter scheme he developed on the basis of it, can help us to explain consciousness (Bohm and Hiley 1987, 1993; Bohm 1989, 1990 ; Pylkkänen 2007 ). Here it is important to acknowledge that other researchers in philosophy of mind and consciousness studies have also made use of the concept of information in their theories of mind and consciousness. For example, Dretske (1981 ) and Barwise and Seligman (1997 ) have explored the possibility that information in the sense of factual semantic contents (i.e. information as meaningful data that represents facts correctly or incorrectly) can be grounded in environmental information (i.e.information as mere correlation, e.g. the way tree rings carry information about age). For Dretske this was an important part of his attempts to give a naturalistic account of sensory experiences, qualia and consciousness. During recent years the notion of information has been used to explain consciousness most notably by David Chalmers (1996 ), as well as by Giulio Tononi and his co-workers (Tononi and Koch 2014 ; Oizumi, Albantakis and Tononi 2014 ). The strategy of this paper will be to first describe Bohm’ s mind-matter scheme, and then to briefl y consider Chalmers’  and Tononi et al.’ s ideas in the light of this scheme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2016
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349 ; 9535
Keywords
Active information, integrated information, consciousness, Bohm, Chalmers, Tononi
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12297 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-28675-4_6 (DOI)000405008500006 ()2-s2.0-84955448664 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-28674-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-28675-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-05-24 Created: 2016-05-24 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P. (2016). Consciousness in the light of quantum theory. In: Prem Saran Satsangi, Stuart Hameroff, Vishal Sani, Pami Dua (Ed.), Consciousness: Integrating Eastern and Western Perspectives (pp. 23-34). New Delhi: New Age Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Consciousness in the light of quantum theory
2016 (English)In: Consciousness: Integrating Eastern and Western Perspectives / [ed] Prem Saran Satsangi, Stuart Hameroff, Vishal Sani, Pami Dua, New Delhi: New Age Books , 2016, p. 23-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the theme “quantum approaches to consciousness” by considering the work of one of the pioneers in the field. The physicist David Bohm (1917-1992) not only made important contributions to quantum physics, but also had a long-term interest in interpreting the results of quantum physics and relativity in order to develop a general world view.  His idea was further that living and mental processes could be understood in a new, scientifically and philosophically more coherent way in the context of such a new world view. This paper gives a brief overview of different – and sometimes contradictory - aspects of Bohm’s research programme, and evaluates how they can be used to give an account of topics of interest in contemporary consciousness studies, such as analogies between thought and quantum processes, the problem of mental causation, the mind-body problem and the problem of time consciousness. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Delhi: New Age Books, 2016
Keywords
mental causation, mind-body problem, time consciousness, implicate order, ontological interpretation, active information, quantum cognition
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13114 (URN)978-81-7822-493-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Pylkkänen, P., Hiley, B. & Pättiniemi, I. (2015). Bohm's approach and individuality. In: Guay, A. and Pradeu, T. (Ed.), Individuals Across the Sciences: (pp. 226-249). Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bohm's approach and individuality
2015 (English)In: Individuals Across the Sciences / [ed] Guay, A. and Pradeu, T., Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 226-249Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

 Ladyman and Ross (LR) argue that quantum objects are not individuals

(or are at most weakly discernible individuals) and use this idea

to ground their metaphysical view, ontic structural realism, according

to which relational structures are primary to things. LR acknowledge

that there is a version of quantum theory, namely the Bohm theory

(BT), according to which particles do have denite trajectories at all

times. However, LR interpret the research by Brown et al.  as implying

that "raw stuff" or haecceities  are needed for the individuality of

particles of BT, and LR dismiss this as idle metaphysics. In this paper

we note that Brown et al.'s research does not imply that haecceities

are needed. Thus BT remains as a genuine option for those who seek

to understand quantum particles as individuals. However, we go on to

discuss some problems with BT which led Bohm and Hiley to modify it.

This modified version underlines that, due to features such as context-dependence

and non-locality, Bohmian particles have a very limited

autonomy in situations where quantum effects are non-negligible. So

while BT restores the possibility of quantum individuals, it also underlines

the primacy of the whole over the autonomy of the parts. The

later sections of the paper also examine the Bohm theory in the general

mathematical context of symplectic geometry. This provides yet

another way of understanding the subtle, holistic and dynamic nature

of Bohmian individuals. We finally briefly consider Bohm's other main 

line of research, the "implicate order", which is in some ways similar to

LR's structural realism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2015
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10770 (URN)10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0013 (DOI)978-0-19-938251-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-03-24 Created: 2015-03-24 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7838-8293

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