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Muller, Jasmin
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Handlin, L., Muller, J. & Ekström, A. (2017). Promoting health of Swedish workers by complementary methods: example of a study design of a longitudinal randomized controlled intervention study. Medical Research Archives, 5(8), 1-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting health of Swedish workers by complementary methods: example of a study design of a longitudinal randomized controlled intervention study
2017 (English)In: Medical Research Archives, ISSN 2375-1916, Vol. 5, no 8, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: When designing, implementing, and evaluating a work site health promotion program, it is necessary to ensure that the program is evidence based. The present article aims to present in-depth information on the design of a longitudinal randomized controlled complementary intervention pilot study that follows the Consort recommendations to evaluate possible effects of a health promotive intervention in healthy workers.

Methods: Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to mental training programs, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to mental training programs only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to mental training programs, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). The study lasted for eight weeks. Immediately before the randomization, after four weeks and after eight weeks the participants responded to statements from the Swedish Scale of Personality and had their heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature measured.

Results: Receiving mechanical massage and listening to mental training programs, either separately or in combination, during working hours had some positive effects on the employees’ own evaluation of their health, as well as their heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature. However, the intervention need to be evaluated further.

Conclusion: The approach described makes it possible to design, implement and evaluate a work site health promotion program, also on pilot-study level and these results should be seen as a first step towards larger randomized studies. This types of studies need to focus on healthy participants and special care should be taken to guarantee adequately powered study groups and their homogeneity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
USA: KEI Journals, 2017
Keywords
stress, anxiety, alternative, complementary, intervention, physical health, psychosocial health, heart rate, blood pressure, fingertip temperature, working place
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing Other Health Sciences Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Research subject
Translational Medicine TRIM; Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14046 (URN)10.18103/mra.v5i8.1432 (DOI)
Projects
Effekt av massagefåtölj med avslappningsprogram på stressreduktion och hälsa- en randomiserad kontrollerad studie
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110142
Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2018-07-31Bibliographically approved
Muller, J., Ekström, A., Harlén, M., Lindmark, U. & Handlin, L. (2016). Mechanical massage and mental training program effect employees' heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature: An exploratory pilot study. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8(5), 762-768
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanical massage and mental training program effect employees' heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature: An exploratory pilot study
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Integrative Medicine, ISSN 1876-3820, E-ISSN 1876-3839, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 762-768Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Inability to relax and recover is suggested to be a key factor for stress-related health problems. This study aimed to investigate possible effects of mechanical massage and mental training, used either separately or in combination during working hours. Methods: Employees were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Mechanical massage combined with mental training (n = 19), ii) Mechanical massage (n = 19), iii) Mental training (n = 19), iv) Pause (n = 19), v) Control (n = 17). The study lasted for eight weeks. Heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature were measured at start, after four and after eight weeks. Results: Between-group analysis showed that heart rate differed significantly between the groups after 4 weeks (p = 0.020) and tended to differ after eight weeks (p = 0.072), with lowest levels displayed in the massage group and the control group. Blood pressure and fingertip temperature did not differ between the groups. Within-group analysis showed that mechanical massage decreased heart rate (p = 0.038) and blood pressure (systolic p = 0.019, diastolic p = 0.026) and increased fingertip temperature (p = 0.035). Mental training programs reduced heart rate (p = 0.036). Combining the two methods increased diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.028) and decreased fingertip temperature (p = 0.031). The control group had a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure during the first four weeks of the study (p = 0.038) Conclusion: Receiving mechanical massage and listening to mental training programs, either separately or in combination, during working hours had some positive effects on the employees’ heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature. The effects were especially strong for employees who received mechanical massage only.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Heart rate, Blood pressure, Temperature, massage, Work Place, Stress
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Medical sciences; Woman, Child and Family (WomFam); Physics and Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12533 (URN)10.1016/j.eujim.2016.06.002 (DOI)000396402200024 ()2-s2.0-84977489680 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Effekt av massagefåtölj med avslappningsprogram på stress reduktion och hälsa- en randomiserad kontrollerad studie
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110142
Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Muller, J., Handlin, L., Harlén, M., Lindmark, U. & Ekström, A. (2016). The value of armchairs in providing mechanical massage and mental relaxation programmes is not established for workplace health promotion [Letter to the editor]. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 21(1), 44-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The value of armchairs in providing mechanical massage and mental relaxation programmes is not established for workplace health promotion
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2016 (English)In: Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, ISSN 1465-3753, E-ISSN 2042-7166, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 44-45Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Medical sciences; Physics and Mathematics; Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12530 (URN)10.1111/fct.12222 (DOI)2-s2.0-84990241897 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Effekt av massagefåtölj med avslappningsprogram på stressreduktion och hälsa- en randomiserad kontrollerad studie
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110142
Note

Authors' reply på kommentar av WM London gällande artikeln: Muller, J., Handlin, L., Harlén, M., Lindmark, U. & Ekström, A. (2015). Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees' anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment – a randomised explorative pilot study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 15(1), Article ID 302.

Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Muller, J., Handlin, L., Harlén, M., Lindmark, U. & Ekström, A. (2015). Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees´ anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment – a randomised explorative pilot study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 15(1), Article ID 302.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees´ anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment – a randomised explorative pilot study
Show others...
2015 (English)In: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, ISSN 1472-6882, E-ISSN 1472-6882, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 302Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees' experience of levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability" when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.

METHODS:

Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the "Swedish Scale of Personality" (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied ("Somatic Trait Anxiety", "Psychic Trait Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability") at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale "Somatic Trait Anxiety" (p=0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p=0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p=0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p=0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in "Stress Susceptibility" between week four and week eight (p=0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale "Detachment" (p=0.044).

CONCLUSIONS:

There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility" and "Detachment" could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee's ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2015
Keywords
Stress, Anxiety, Alternative, Complementary, Intervention, Physical Health, Psychosocial health, Working place
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical sciences; Woman, Child and Family (WomFam); Physical Activity, IT and Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11478 (URN)10.1186/s12906-015-0753-x (DOI)000360342400003 ()26329694 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84940492981 (Scopus ID)
Projects
EFFECT OF ARMCHAIR WITH MASSAGE AND RELAXATION PROGRAM ON RECOVERY AND HEALTH PROMOTION -A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110142
Available from: 2015-09-02 Created: 2015-09-02 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
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