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Billing, E., Hanson, L., Lamb, M. & Högberg, D. (2019). Digital Human Modelling in Action. In: Linus Holm, Erik Billing (Ed.), Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference: . Paper presented at SweCog 2019, the 15th SweCog conference, Umeå, Sweden, November 7-8, 2019 (pp. 25-28). Skövde: University of Skövde
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Human Modelling in Action
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference / [ed] Linus Holm, Erik Billing, Skövde: University of Skövde , 2019, p. 25-28Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skövde: University of Skövde, 2019
Series
SUSI, ISSN 1653-2325 ; 2019:2
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB); User Centred Product Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17882 (URN)978-91-983667-5-4 (ISBN)
Conference
SweCog 2019, the 15th SweCog conference, Umeå, Sweden, November 7-8, 2019
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20180167
Note

Also presented as poster at the 15th SweCog conference.

Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved
Billing, E., Rosén, J. & Lindblom, J. (2019). Expectations of robot technology in welfare. In: : . Paper presented at The second workshop on social robots in therapy and care in conjunction with the 14th ACM / IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2019), Daegu, Korea, March 11–14 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expectations of robot technology in welfare
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We report findings from a survey on expectations of robot technology in welfare, within the coming 20 years. 34 assistant nurses answered a questionnaire on which tasks, from their daily work, that they believe robots can perform, already today or in the near future. Additionally, the Negative attitudes toward robots scale (NARS) was used to estimate participants' attitudes towards robots in general. Results reveal high expectations of robots, where at least half of the participants answered Already today or Within 10 years to 9 out of 10 investigated tasks. Participants were also fairly positive towards robots, reporting low scores on NARS. The obtained results can be interpreted as a serious over-estimation of what robots will be able to do in the near future, but also large varieties in participants' interpretation of what robots are. We identify challenges in communicating both excitement towards a technology in rapid development and realistic limitations of this technology.

Keywords
attitudes towards robots, human-robot interaction, robots in healthcare
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16691 (URN)
Conference
The second workshop on social robots in therapy and care in conjunction with the 14th ACM / IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2019), Daegu, Korea, March 11–14 2019
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 611391
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved
Billing, E., Sciutti, A. & Sandini, G. (2019). Proactive eye-gaze in human-robot interaction. In: : . Paper presented at Anticipation and Anticipatory Systems: Humans Meet Artificial Intelligence, Örebro, Sweden, June 10-13, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proactive eye-gaze in human-robot interaction
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17797 (URN)
Conference
Anticipation and Anticipatory Systems: Humans Meet Artificial Intelligence, Örebro, Sweden, June 10-13, 2019
Projects
SIDUS AIR, grant agreement no. 2014022
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 2014022
Available from: 2019-10-16 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-10-30Bibliographically approved
Holm, L. & Billing, E. (Eds.). (2019). Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference. Paper presented at SweCog 2019, the 15th SweCog conference, Umeå, Sweden, November 7-8, 2019. Skövde: University of Skövde
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference
2019 (English)Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In an article published in Nature: Human Behavior, Nunez et al. (2019) asks What happened to cognitive science? The authors review bibliometric and socio-institutional aspects of the field and argues that the transition from a multi-disciplinary program to a mature inter-disciplinary coherent field has failed. Looking at the Swedish environment, we can nothing but agree. Many of us identifying ourselves as researchers in cognitive science are working at departments primarily focused at other disciplines, teaching within other objects and publishing in journals and conferences adjacent to the field. The diversity of cognitive science is also present in the number of directions that has has evolved over the years. The embodied approaches that many of us align with are not evolving towards a coherent view, but is today found under numerous labels such as situated cognition, distributed cognition, extended cognition, and enactive cognition. The so called 4E perspectives on the field have now ventured beyond the four, and is today more often referred to as the multi-E framework.

While we agree with Nunez et al. that we remain a multi-disciplinary, multi-perspective, and multi-method group of researchers who may share an interest for the science of the mind, rather than a coherent approach or perspective, we disagree that this entails a failure for the enterprise of cognitive science. We dare to say that the Sweish Cognitive Science Society has embraced the multi-perspectives idea by adopting an inclusive approach in the selection of research and methods presented at our conferences. We hope that SweCog will remain a forum for inclusive discussions, working against discipline conformism and isolation, in a time where both public and scientific debate is increasingly shattered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skövde: University of Skövde, 2019. p. 56
Series
SUSI, ISSN 1653-2325 ; 2019:2
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Computer Sciences Neurosciences Philosophy Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17881 (URN)978-91-983667-5-4 (ISBN)
Conference
SweCog 2019, the 15th SweCog conference, Umeå, Sweden, November 7-8, 2019
Available from: 2019-11-13 Created: 2019-11-13 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved
Cao, H.-L., Esteban, P. G., Bartlett, M., Baxter, P. E., Belpaeme, T., Billing, E., . . . Ziemke, T. (2019). Robot-Enhanced Therapy: Development and Validation of a Supervised Autonomous Robotic System for Autism Spectrum Disorders Therapy. IEEE robotics & automation magazine, 26(2), 49-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Robot-Enhanced Therapy: Development and Validation of a Supervised Autonomous Robotic System for Autism Spectrum Disorders Therapy
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2019 (English)In: IEEE robotics & automation magazine, ISSN 1070-9932, E-ISSN 1558-223X, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 49-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16864 (URN)10.1109/MRA.2019.2904121 (DOI)000471680800008 ()2-s2.0-85064382580 (Scopus ID)
Projects
DREAM, FP7 grant #611391.
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Cai, H., Fang, Y., Ju, Z., Costescu, C., David, D., Billing, E., . . . Liu, H. (2019). Sensing-enhanced Therapy System for Assessing Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Feasibility Study. IEEE Sensors Journal, 19(4), 1508-1518
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensing-enhanced Therapy System for Assessing Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Feasibility Study
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 1508-1518Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is evident that recently reported robot-assisted therapy systems for assessment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) lack autonomous interaction abilities and require significant human resources. This paper proposes a sensing system that automatically extracts and fuses sensory features such as body motion features, facial expressions, and gaze features, further assessing the children behaviours by mapping them to therapist-specified behavioural classes. Experimental results show that the developed system has a capability of interpreting characteristic data of children with ASD, thus has the potential to increase the autonomy of robots under the supervision of a therapist and enhance the quality of the digital description of children with ASD. The research outcomes pave the way to a feasible machine-assisted system for their behaviour assessment. IEEE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019
Keywords
autism spectrum disorders, autonomy, cameras, instruction sets, medical treatment, robot sensing systems, sensing-enhanced, synchronization, therapy, diseases, instruction set, robot sensing system, human robot interaction
National Category
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB); INF302 Autonomous Intelligent Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16417 (URN)10.1109/JSEN.2018.2877662 (DOI)000457327900036 ()2-s2.0-85055705313 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-11-18Bibliographically approved
Hernández García, D., Esteban, P. G., Lee, H. R., Romeo, M., Senft, E. & Billing, E. (2019). Social Robots in Therapy and Care. In: Proceedings of the 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction: . Paper presented at ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction, Daegu, Korea, March 11–14, 2019 (pp. 669-670). Daegu: IEEE conference proceedings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Robots in Therapy and Care
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction, Daegu: IEEE conference proceedings, 2019, p. 669-670Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Social Robots in Therapy workshop series aims at advancing research topics related to the use of robots in the contexts of Social Care and Robot-Assisted Therapy (RAT). Robots in social care and therapy have been a long time promise in HRI as they have the opportunity to improve patients life significantly. Multiple challenges have to be addressed for this, such as building platforms that work in proximity with patients, therapists and health-care professionals; understanding user needs; developing adaptive and autonomous robot interactions; and addressing ethical questions regarding the use of robots with a vulnerable population. The full-day workshop follows last year's edition which centered on how social robots can improve health-care interventions, how increasing the degree of autonomy of the robots might affect therapies, and how to overcome the ethical challenges inherent to the use of robot assisted technologies. This 2nd edition of the workshop will be focused on the importance of equipping social robots with socio-emotional intelligence and the ability to perform meaningful and personalized interactions. This workshop aims to bring together researchers and industry experts in the fields of Human-Robot Interaction, Machine Learning and Robots in Health and Social Care. It will be an opportunity for all to share and discuss ideas, strategies and findings to guide the design and development of robot assisted systems for therapy and social care implementations that can provide personalize, natural, engaging and autonomous interactions with patients (and health-care providers).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Daegu: IEEE conference proceedings, 2019
Series
ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), ISSN 2167-2121, E-ISSN 2167-2148
Keywords
Social Robots, Robots in Therapy, Social Intelligence, Supervised Autonomy, Personalized Behaviors, Adaptive Behaviors
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16651 (URN)10.1109/HRI.2019.8673243 (DOI)000467295400148 ()2-s2.0-85063989769 (Scopus ID)978-1-5386-8555-6 (ISBN)978-1-5386-8556-3 (ISBN)978-1-5386-8554-9 (ISBN)
Conference
ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction, Daegu, Korea, March 11–14, 2019
Projects
DREAM, FP7 grant 611391
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 611391
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Andreasson, R., Alenljung, B., Billing, E. & Lowe, R. (2018). Affective Touch in Human–Robot Interaction: Conveying Emotion to the Nao Robot. International Journal of Social Robotics, 10(4), 473-491
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Affective Touch in Human–Robot Interaction: Conveying Emotion to the Nao Robot
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 473-491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Affective touch has a fundamental role in human development, social bonding, and for providing emotional support in interpersonal relationships. We present, what is to our knowledge, the first HRI study of tactile conveyance of both positive and negative emotions (affective touch) on the Nao robot, and based on an experimental set-up from a study of human–human tactile communication. In the present work, participants conveyed eight emotions to a small humanoid robot via touch. We found that female participants conveyed emotions for a longer time, using more varied interaction and touching more regions on the robot’s body, compared to male participants. Several differences between emotions were found such that emotions could be classified by the valence of the emotion conveyed, by combining touch amount and duration. Overall, these results show high agreement with those reported for human–human affective tactile communication and could also have impact on the design and placement of tactile sensors on humanoid robots.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Tactile interaction, Affective touch, Human–robot interaction, Emotion encoding, Emotion decoding, Social emotions, Nao robot
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB); INF302 Autonomous Intelligent Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14563 (URN)10.1007/s12369-017-0446-3 (DOI)000445226600007 ()2-s2.0-85053554592 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Design, textil och hållbar utveckling
Funder
Region Västra Götaland
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Fast-Berglund, Å., Thorvald, P., Billing, E., Palmquist, A., Romero, D. & Weichhart, G. (2018). Conceptualizing Embodied Automation to Increase Transfer of Tacit knowledge in the Learning Factory. In: Ricardo Jardim-Gonçalves, João Pedro Mendonça, Vladimir Jotsov, Maria Marques, João Martins, Robert Bierwolf (Ed.), "Theory, Research and Innovation in Applications": 9th International Conference on Intelligent Systems 2018 (IS’18). Paper presented at 2018 International Conference on Intelligent Systems (IS), Funchal - Madeira, Portugal, September 25-27 2018 (pp. 358-364). IEEE, Article ID 8710482.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing Embodied Automation to Increase Transfer of Tacit knowledge in the Learning Factory
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2018 (English)In: "Theory, Research and Innovation in Applications": 9th International Conference on Intelligent Systems 2018 (IS’18) / [ed] Ricardo Jardim-Gonçalves, João Pedro Mendonça, Vladimir Jotsov, Maria Marques, João Martins, Robert Bierwolf, IEEE, 2018, p. 358-364, article id 8710482Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper will discuss how cooperative agent-based systems, deployed with social skills and embodied automation features, can be used to interact with the operators in order to facilitate sharing of tacit knowledge and its later conversion into explicit knowledge. The proposal is to combine social software robots (softbots) with industrial collaborative robots (co-bots) to create a digital apprentice for experienced operators in human- robot collaboration workstations. This is to address the problem within industry that experienced operators have difficulties in explaining how they perform their tasks and later, how to turn this procedural knowledge (knowhow) into instructions to be shared among other operators. By using social softbots and co-bots, as cooperative agents with embodied automation features, we think we can facilitate the ‘externalization’ of procedural knowledge in human-robot interaction(s). This enabled by the capabilities of social cooperative agents with embodied automation features of continuously learning by looking over the shoulder of the operators, and documenting and collaborating with them in a non-intrusive way as they perform their daily tasks. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2018
Series
IEEE Intelligent Systems, ISSN 1541-1672, E-ISSN 1941-1294
Keywords
Embodied Automation, Agent-based Systems, Robot Systems, Collaborative Robots, Co-Bots, Software Robots, Softbots, Social Robots, Knowledge, Transfer, Tacit, Knowledge, Game-based, Activities, Motivation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
User Centred Product Design; Interaction Lab (ILAB); INF202 Virtual Ergonomics; INF302 Autonomous Intelligent Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16264 (URN)10.1109/IS.2018.8710482 (DOI)000469337900052 ()2-s2.0-85065958046 (Scopus ID)978-1-5386-7097-2 (ISBN)978-1-5386-7098-9 (ISBN)
Conference
2018 International Conference on Intelligent Systems (IS), Funchal - Madeira, Portugal, September 25-27 2018
Note

2018 Intelligent Systems: Theory, Research and Innovation in Applications, Madeira Island, Portugal 25-27 September 2018

Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Alenljung, B., Andreasson, R., Lowe, R., Billing, E. & Lindblom, J. (2018). Conveying Emotions by Touch to the Nao Robot: A User Experience Perspective. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, 2(4), Article ID 82.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conveying Emotions by Touch to the Nao Robot: A User Experience Perspective
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2018 (English)In: Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, ISSN 2414-4088, Vol. 2, no 4, article id 82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Social robots are expected gradually to be used by more and more people in a widerrange of settings, domestic as well as professional. As a consequence, the features and qualityrequirements on human–robot interaction will increase, comprising possibilities to communicateemotions, establishing a positive user experience, e.g., using touch. In this paper, the focus is ondepicting how humans, as the users of robots, experience tactile emotional communication with theNao Robot, as well as identifying aspects affecting the experience and touch behavior. A qualitativeinvestigation was conducted as part of a larger experiment. The major findings consist of 15 differentaspects that vary along one or more dimensions and how those influence the four dimensions ofuser experience that are present in the study, as well as the different parts of touch behavior ofconveying emotions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
M D P I AG, 2018
National Category
Interaction Technologies
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB); INF302 Autonomous Intelligent Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16507 (URN)10.3390/mti2040082 (DOI)
Funder
Region Västra GötalandKnowledge Foundation, 20140220
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6568-9342

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