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Laitila, T., Lundgren, M. & Olsson, M. (2018). A model of commuting and the economic milieu: an analysis using aggregated data for Sweden. In: Kakuya Matsushima, William P. Anderson (Ed.), Transportation, Knowledge and Space in Urban and Regional Economics: (pp. 299-316). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model of commuting and the economic milieu: an analysis using aggregated data for Sweden
2018 (English)In: Transportation, Knowledge and Space in Urban and Regional Economics / [ed] Kakuya Matsushima, William P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 299-316Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science series
Keywords
spatial interaction, commuting, gender, education
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15122 (URN)10.4337/9781785366062.00022 (DOI)978-1-78536-605-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-05-03 Last updated: 2018-07-06Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2018). The Swedish commuting pattern: a gravity model of commuting, with housing-expenditure and income constraints. In: Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin (Ed.), Iréne Bernhard (Ed.), Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: . Paper presented at The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark (pp. 250-264). Paper presented at The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish commuting pattern: a gravity model of commuting, with housing-expenditure and income constraints
2018 (English)In: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, Vol. 2, p. 250-264Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science
Keywords
commuting, gravity model, distance friction, proximity preference, wages, prices
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14950 (URN)10.4337/9781786432483.00017 (DOI)2-s2.0-85046508011 (Scopus ID)978-1-78643-247-6 (ISBN)978-1-78643-248-3 (ISBN)
Conference
The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2019-01-02Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2016). Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi: Från idé till presentation (1:1ed.). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi: Från idé till presentation
2016 (Swedish)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi handlar om vanliga arbetsuppgifter för en ekonom: att bygga modeller, genomföra analyser samt skriva och presentera rapporter. Boken består av två delar: Ekonomiska modeller och rapporter samt Laborationer.

Del ett handlar om hur du bygger modeller, skriver och presenterar rapporter. Här förklaras alla moment som gör att du kan komma från idé till rapport. Förutom rena färdigheter beskrivs förhållningssättet till att skriva och presentera. Till varje kapitel finns övningar och i slutet av boken ett facit. Del två består av laborationer där du övar på att komma från idé till rapport. Här presenteras även en beskrivning av hur en idé kan uppkomma och det kan hjälpa dig att själv få ett uppslag till en rapport. Bokens andra del fungerar även som underlag för seminariediskussioner om uppsatsskrivande och ekonomisk analys.

Boken förklarar tydligt och enkelt praktiska färdigheter som en ekonom behöver i sitt dagliga arbete. Den vänder sig till dig som vill kunna bygga modeller för att analysera problem, skriva rapporter och skapa presentationer med Excel, Word och PowerPoint och kan användas som komplement i introduktionskurser i ekonomi, men även i kurser mer inriktade på modellering eller skrivande t.ex. uppsatskurser på fördjupnings- och avancerad nivå. Boken kan läsas på flera sätt beroende på läsarens färdighetsnivå, såväl som en komplett guide från idé till rapport som en uppslagsbok för den som vill ha snabba tips. Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi ger läsaren de verktyg som behövs för att lyckas med ekonomisk uppsats eller rapport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016. p. 225 Edition: 1:1
Keywords
analysera, skriva, presentera, ekonomi, laborationer, Excel, Word, Powerpoint
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11828 (URN)978-91-44-10745-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-14 Created: 2016-01-14 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2016). Functional regions in gravity models and accessibility measures. Moravian Geographical Reports, 24(2), 60-70, Article ID 011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional regions in gravity models and accessibility measures
2016 (English)In: Moravian Geographical Reports, ISSN 1210-8812, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 60-70, article id 011Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Accessibility measures are useful for studies in Economic Geography. For example, accessibility to potential customers can be used in a study of firm behaviour. In such a study, it would be relevant to consider where potential customers live. This can be accomplished by splitting the accessibility measure into three parts: accessibility within the municipality, in other municipalities within the functional region, and in other regions. Many studies have proved this to be a very useful way to incorporate the spatial structure of the economy into economic studies. This paper deals with the issue of finding the distance-friction parameters needed to calculate such accessibility measures. There is a particular distance-friction parameter for interaction within the municipality, between municipalities within the functional region, and between regions. One way to find the distance-friction parameters is to solve a constrained gravity model, in which the functional regions are used as constraints. Both the models and the optimisation procedures in matrix form, and the Matlab programs used in the research are presented. The spatial constraints are gradually introduced into the models, which empowers the researcher to make such adjustments on their own. The data set used is available for downloading, and the reader can then try the models before creating a data set of their own

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brno: The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geonics, 2016
Keywords
spatial interaction, commuting, gravity model, entropy, constrained optimisation, Matlab, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12706 (URN)10.1515/mgr-2016-0011 (DOI)000391945500006 ()2-s2.0-84979058877 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-11 Created: 2016-07-11 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Laitila, T., Lundgren, M. & Olsson, M. (2015). Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Investigation of the Chocice to Commute Related to Labor Demand, Worker Competition and Wage. In: Iréne Bernhard (Ed.), Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development. Paper presented at The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark, 11-13 June 2015 (pp. 369-380). Trollhättan: University West
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Investigation of the Chocice to Commute Related to Labor Demand, Worker Competition and Wage
2015 (English)In: Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, p. 369-380Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We calculate aggregate economic-milieu variables and use them as explanatory variables to study the Swedish commuting pattern. The variables are of accessibility type (i.e. spatially discounted) and are logarithmic ratios. We start from the assumption of utility maximizing individuals. The probability to commute using a link increases with expected utility. We apply two models: the quantity model and the wage model. The explanatory power is high and the results are as expected. Labor demand is positively related to utility. Worker competition is negatively related to utility. Wage is positively related to utility. A municipality, which isnot a regional center, can strive to increase the number of jobs within the municipality. The second best, for such a municipality, is that jobs are available in the municipality that is the regional center. Otherwise, the municipality and region will economically decline.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2015
Series
Reports ; 2015:2
Keywords
Commuting, Economic milieu, Accessibility, Labor demand, Worker competition, Wage
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11862 (URN)978-91-87531-17-0 (ISBN)
Conference
The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark, 11-13 June 2015
Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2015). The Swedish Commuting Pattern: A Constrained Gravity Model with Housing-Expenditure and Income Constraints. In: Iréne Bernhard (Ed.), Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development. Paper presented at The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark (pp. 479-486). Trollhättan: University West, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Commuting Pattern: A Constrained Gravity Model with Housing-Expenditure and Income Constraints
2015 (English)In: Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, Vol. 2, p. 479-486Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Johansson et al.(2002, 2003) estimated a constrained gravity model to capture distance-friction parameters present in the commuting pattern in Sweden. In this paper the same model is once more estimated to investigate the change over time. This investigation is fruitful, since one major deviation from the earlier results is observed. I also extend the model to incorporate wages and house prices. It turns out that these additional constraints have only minor effects on the distance friction. This is important, since the distance friction is used as input in calculating accessibility and potential measures used in many studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2015
Keywords
commuting, gravity model, distance friction, proximity preference, wages, prices
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11863 (URN)978-91-87531-17-0 (ISBN)
Conference
The 18th Uddevalla Symposium, Sönderborg, Denmark
Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Laitila, T., Lundgren, M. & Olsson, M. (2014). A Model of Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Analysis Using Aggregared Data for Sweden. In: Iréne Bernhard (Ed.), Iréne Bernhard (Ed.), Uddevalla Symposium 2014: Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium  12–14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden. Paper presented at 17th Uddevalla Symposium 2014, June 12-14th, Uddevalla, Sweden (pp. 549-562). Paper presented at 17th Uddevalla Symposium 2014, June 12-14th, Uddevalla, Sweden. Trollhättan: University West, Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Model of Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Analysis Using Aggregared Data for Sweden
2014 (English)In: Uddevalla Symposium 2014: Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium  12–14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West, Högskolan Väst , 2014, p. 549-562Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, Högskolan Väst, 2014
Series
Reports University West ; 2014:2
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10631 (URN)978-9187531-02-6 (ISBN)
Conference
17th Uddevalla Symposium 2014, June 12-14th, Uddevalla, Sweden
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2012). Free versus monitored job search in Sweden. In: Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough (Ed.), The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent: (pp. 194-209). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Free versus monitored job search in Sweden
2012 (English)In: The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 194-209Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012
Series
New Horizons in Regional Science
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6556 (URN)978-1-78195-354-9 (ISBN)978-1-84844-328-0 (ISBN)
Note

Both jobseekers and vacancies are spatially distributed. A jobseeker has accessibility to vacancies and a vacancy has accessibility to applicants, and these accessibility measures vary across locations. Left alone, an individual most often prefers to search for a job close to the present home address. The unemployment benefit rules state rather strict mobility requirements. Using these rules changes the accessibility measures at all places. In other words, monitoring job search affects both the search intensity and the level of competition. This directly affects where a jobseeker finds a job. It is shown that an increased mobility follows from a strict usage of the rules. The increased mobility of individuals implies additional transfer of knowledge and ideas.

Available from: 2012-10-22 Created: 2012-10-22 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. & Schuller, B. J. (2012). Living standard, quality of life, globalization and competitiveness in the EU and the neighbour countries: an empirical analysis. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Oeconomia, 11(1), 5-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living standard, quality of life, globalization and competitiveness in the EU and the neighbour countries: an empirical analysis
2012 (English)In: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Oeconomia, ISSN 1644-0757, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 5-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the theoretical and empirical relations between living standard, quality of life, globalization and international competitiveness of countries. While economists are not convinced that competitiveness of countries is a useful concept, because firms and industries compete economically and not countries, the general public, journalists and politicians seem to feel that competitiveness is important. E.g., one of the goals of the European Union is to become the most competitive economy in the world. Furthermore, economists argue, that economic globalization has the potential of increasing economic welfare for all. In this case, the general public is more sceptical. Finally, the general public but even other scientists than economists, seem to believe that living standard and the quality of life are only weakly related to each other. The following results can be mentioned. We found strong positive correlations between our main variables. Our hypotheses are with other words supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wydawnictwo SGGW, 2012
Keywords
Living standard, qualty of life, globalization, competitiveness, Gross Domestic Product, the Lisbon Agenda, correlations, European countries
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6438 (URN)
Available from: 2012-10-05 Created: 2012-10-04 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, M. (2011). A Nested Approach to Satisfaction with Life. In: Bernhard, I. (Ed.), 14th Uddevalla Symposium: Entrepreneural Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions: . Paper presented at Uddevalla Symposium 2011 (pp. 571-581). University West
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Nested Approach to Satisfaction with Life
2011 (English)In: 14th Uddevalla Symposium: Entrepreneural Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions / [ed] Bernhard, I., University West , 2011, p. 571-581Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the wellbeing literature, different authors use different terminology. Commonly used terms are happiness, subjective wellbeing, satisfaction with life and the good life. In the literature, you also find many different ideas regarding how to explain individual happiness. I find these ideas confusing. I think that much of the confusion originates from misinterpreting survey answers. The aspirations model of happiness cannot explain three stylized facts. The aspirations model is inconsistent. In this paper, I propose a new model of satisfaction with life. This model creates some order and can explain the three stylized facts. It turns out that we do not need aspirations to explain the stylized facts. The conclusion is that aspirations may exist, but they may not be as important as suggested by earlier literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University West, 2011
Series
Research reports, ISSN 1653-7831
Keywords
happiness, satisfaction with life, subjective wellbeing, aspirations, income, consumption
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6152 (URN)978-91-977943-2-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Uddevalla Symposium 2011
Available from: 2012-07-17 Created: 2012-07-17 Last updated: 2017-11-27
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0407-7024

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