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Gamalielsson, Jonas
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Publications (10 of 62) Show all publications
Butler, S., Gamalielsson, J., Lundell, B., Brax, C., Sjöberg, J., Mattsson, A., . . . Lönroth, E. (2019). On Company Contributions to Community Open Source Software Projects. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Company Contributions to Community Open Source Software Projects
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2019 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, ISSN 0098-5589, E-ISSN 1939-3520Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The majority of contributions to community open source software (OSS) projects are made by practitioners acting on behalf of companies and other organisations. Previous research has addressed the motivations of both individuals and companies to engage with OSS projects. However, limited research has been undertaken that examines and explains the practical mechanisms or work practices used by companies and their developers to pursue their commercial and technical objectives when engaging with OSS projects. This research investigates the variety of work practices used in public communication channels by company contributors to engage with and contribute to eight community OSS projects. Through interviews with contributors to the eight projects we draw on their experiences and insights to explore the motivations to use particular methods of contribution. We find that companies utilise work practices for contributing to community projects which are congruent with the circumstances and their capabilities that support their short- and long-term needs. We also find that companies contribute to community OSS projects in ways that may not always be apparent from public sources, such as employing core project developers, making donations, and joining project steering committees in order to advance strategic interests. The factors influencing contributor work practices can be complex and are often dynamic arising from considerations such as company and project structure, as well as technical concerns and commercial strategies. The business context in which software created by the OSS project is deployed is also found to influence contributor work practices. CCBY

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2019
Keywords
Collaboration, Companies, company contribution, Interviews, Licenses, Open source software, Software, Technological innovation, work practices, Computer software, Industry, Motivation, Open systems
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Software Engineering
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17466 (URN)10.1109/TSE.2019.2919305 (DOI)2-s2.0-85068577239 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Butler, S., Gamalielsson, J., Lundell, B., Jonsson, P., Sjöberg, J., Mattsson, A., . . . Lönroth, E. (2018). An Investigation of Work Practices Used by Companies Making Contributions to Established OSS Projects. In: ICSE-SEIP '18 Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering in Practice: . Paper presented at ICSE-SEIP ’18: 40th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering in Practice Track, Gothenburg, Sweden — May 27 - June 03, 2018 (pp. 201-210). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Investigation of Work Practices Used by Companies Making Contributions to Established OSS Projects
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2018 (English)In: ICSE-SEIP '18 Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering in Practice, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, p. 201-210Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Professionals contribute to open source software (OSS) projects aspart of their employment. Previous research has addressed motivationsof individuals and the ways they engage with OSS projects.However, there is a lack of research which examines and explainswork practices used by companies in their engagement with projects.Work practices used by companies to contribute to five establishedOSS projects are investigated through examination of the actions ofemployees in public communication channels and draw on our experienceswhen analysing engagement with the same projects. Wefind that companies utilise work practices for contributing whichare congruent with the circumstances and their capabilities thatsupport their short and long term needs. We find that companiescontribute to OSS projects in different ways, such as employing coreproject developers, making donations, and joining project steeringcommittees in order to advance strategic interests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018
Keywords
Open source software, company contribution, work practices
National Category
Software Engineering
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15585 (URN)10.1145/3183519.3183531 (DOI)2-s2.0-85049698497 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-5659-6 (ISBN)
Conference
ICSE-SEIP ’18: 40th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering in Practice Track, Gothenburg, Sweden — May 27 - June 03, 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Lundell, B., Gamalielsson, J. & Katz, A. (2018). On Challenges for Implementing ISO Standards in Software: Can Both Open and Closed Standards Be Implemented in Open Source Software? (1ed.). In: Kai Jakobs (Ed.), Corporate and Global Standardization Initiatives in Contemporary Society: (pp. 219-251). Hershey: IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Challenges for Implementing ISO Standards in Software: Can Both Open and Closed Standards Be Implemented in Open Source Software?
2018 (English)In: Corporate and Global Standardization Initiatives in Contemporary Society / [ed] Kai Jakobs, Hershey: IGI Global, 2018, 1, p. 219-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over the years, the importance of open standards has been acknowledged in EU and national policies. Formal (e.g., ISO) standards are often referred to in software development and procurement. Use of formal (ISO) standards and to what extent ISO standards can be implemented in open source software is considered, with particular reference to patent licensing. It is shown that not all formal standards are open standards and that FRAND commitments may impose major challenges for use of such standards. Further policies and procedures set by standards setting organisations (SSOs) regarding the notification of standards-essential patents (SEPs) present challenges for organisations wishing to implement standards in software. This chapter elaborates implications and suggests ways of addressing the challenges identified. Use of formal standards may create barriers for implementation in open source software and inhibit an open and inclusive business-friendly ecosystem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hershey: IGI Global, 2018 Edition: 1
Series
Advances in Human and Social Aspects of Technology, ISSN 2328-1316, E-ISSN 2328-1324
Keywords
Open Standards, Closed Standards, Open Source Software
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Technology; Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14690 (URN)10.4018/978-1-5225-5320-5.ch010 (DOI)978-1-5225-5320-5 (ISBN)1-5225-5320-7 (ISBN)978-1-5225-5321-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-26 Created: 2018-01-26 Last updated: 2018-04-25Bibliographically approved
Lundell, B. & Gamalielsson, J. (2018). Sustainable digitalisation through different dimensions of openness: how can lock-in, interoperability, and long-term maintenance of IT systems be addressed?. In: OpenSym '18: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration. Paper presented at OpenSym '18, 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Paris, France, August 22-24, 2018 (pp. 3:1-3:10). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Article ID 3.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable digitalisation through different dimensions of openness: how can lock-in, interoperability, and long-term maintenance of IT systems be addressed?
2018 (English)In: OpenSym '18: Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, p. 3:1-3:10, article id 3Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lock-in, interoperability, and long-term maintenance are three fundamental challenges that need to be addressed by any organisation involved in development, use and procurement of IT systems. This paper clarifies fundamental concepts and key dimensions of openness and provides examples of work-practices and recommendations for achieving sustainable digitalisation through addressing the fundamental challenges. Specifically, there are three main contributions. First, the concepts open standard, open source software, and open content are clarified and elaborated. Second, the associated three dimensions standard, software, and content are elaborated through examples of how different combinations along the dimensions can enable and inhibit sustainable digitalisation when IT-systems are developed and procured. Third, work-practices used by public sector organisations in specific projects for development and procurement of IT-systems are elaborated with the view to discuss how the three fundamental challenges are being addressed and provide guidance for how organisations can achieve a sustainable digitalisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018
Keywords
IT systems, interoperability, lock-in, long-term maintenance, open content, open source, open standard
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16037 (URN)10.1145/3233391.3233527 (DOI)2-s2.0-85056696228 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-5936-8 (ISBN)
Conference
OpenSym '18, 14th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, Paris, France, August 22-24, 2018
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2019-02-05Bibliographically approved
Lundell, B., Gamalielsson, J., Tengblad, S., Hooshyar Yousefi, B., Fischer, T., Johansson, G., . . . Lönroth, E. (2017). Addressing Lock-in, Interoperability, and Long-Term Maintenance Challenges Through Open Source: How Can Companies Strategically Use Open Source?. In: Federico Balaguer, Roberto Di Cosmo, Alejandra Garrido, Fabio Kon, Gregorio Robles, Stefano Zacchiroli (Ed.), Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices. Paper presented at 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2017; Buenos Aires; Argentina; 22 May 2017 through 23 May 2017; Code 191819 (pp. 80-88). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addressing Lock-in, Interoperability, and Long-Term Maintenance Challenges Through Open Source: How Can Companies Strategically Use Open Source?
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2017 (English)In: Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices / [ed] Federico Balaguer, Roberto Di Cosmo, Alejandra Garrido, Fabio Kon, Gregorio Robles, Stefano Zacchiroli, Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 80-88Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This industry paper reports on how strategic use of open source in company contexts can provide effective support for addressing the fundamental challenges of lock-in, interoperability, and longevity of software and associated digital assets. The fundamental challenges and an overview of an ongoing collaborative research project are presented. Through a conceptual model for open source usage in company contexts we characterise how companies engage with open source and elaborate on how the fundamental challenges can be effectively addressed through open source usage in company contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2017
Series
IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238, E-ISSN 1868-422X ; 496
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG); Followership and Organizational Resilience; Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM); INF304 Open Source
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13610 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-57735-7_9 (DOI)2-s2.0-85019625844 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-57734-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-57735-7 (ISBN)
Conference
13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2017; Buenos Aires; Argentina; 22 May 2017 through 23 May 2017; Code 191819
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2019-07-15Bibliographically approved
Lundell, B. & Gamalielsson, J. (2017). Collaborative research involving small companies: Experiences from co-production of knowledge for research and practice through use of an action case approach. In: SER&IP '17 Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Software Engineering Research and Industrial Practice: . Paper presented at 2017 IEEE/ACM 4th International Workshop on Software Engineering Research and Industrial Practice (SER&IP), May 21, 2017 - May 21, 2017, Buenes Aires, Argentina (pp. 24-30). IEEE Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaborative research involving small companies: Experiences from co-production of knowledge for research and practice through use of an action case approach
2017 (English)In: SER&IP '17 Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Software Engineering Research and Industrial Practice, IEEE Press, 2017, p. 24-30Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In order for the conduct of collaborative research projects and their outcomes to be valuable for both research and practice it is necessary to successfully address a number of sociotechnical challenges in the field of software engineering. Collaborative research involving researchers and practitionersrelated to software systems have utilised a variety of different research approaches. Adoption of an effective research approach for the situation at hand in a research project may significantly contribute to project success. Experiences from collaborative research show that action case can be an appropriate choice of approach for addressing socio-technical challenges in the software domain, which is appealing to both practitioners and researchers. This paper elaborates on a number of challenges for successful conduct of collaborative research projects and reports on experiences from use of action case as a research approach for conduct of collaborative research related to software systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2017
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG); INF304 Open Source
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13611 (URN)10.1109/SER-IP.2017..4 (DOI)000425916600005 ()2-s2.0-85026741813 (Scopus ID)978-1-5386-2797-6 (ISBN)978-1-5386-2798-3 (ISBN)
Conference
2017 IEEE/ACM 4th International Workshop on Software Engineering Research and Industrial Practice (SER&IP), May 21, 2017 - May 21, 2017, Buenes Aires, Argentina
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Lundell, B. & Gamalielsson, J. (2017). D8.8: Monitoring of the Open Source Project implementation. PREFORMA
Open this publication in new window or tab >>D8.8: Monitoring of the Open Source Project implementation
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Deliverable D8.8 reports on monitoring of the Open Source Project implementations. Based on development efforts for each supplier, this updated deliverable (version 2.1) provides feedback on their use of: an open work practice for development; frequent open releases; and promotion activities aiming towards a sustainable community. In particular, it focuses on establishing sustainable communities, together with an assessment of how this is succeeded. The deliverable presents an evaluation of how each open source project implementation adheres to requirements expressed in deliverable D4.3 and how projects and suppliers have acted upon feedback and recommendations from PREFORMA. In so doing, the deliverable provides an evaluation of the extent to which best practices from community driven open source projects have been adopted with adherence to full transparency for all digital assets. Specifically, the evaluation considers software and associated digital assets provided via links to developed and provided resources (including source code, executables, and test files) and tools (including software configuration management system, mailing lists, and build environment) used in each open source project. An important outcome from this evaluation is a report on adherence to requirements (as specified in D4.3 and clarified in feedback from PREFORMA) and an assessment of how contracted organisations have managed to provide open source software and establish thriving and long-term sustainable open source communities of relevance for memory institutions and other stakeholder groups. Based on these outcomes, recommendations are given for further actions by the suppliers, the PREFORMA Consortium, and any potential adopter of software from the Open Source Portal provided by the PREFORMA Consortium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PREFORMA, 2017. p. 64
National Category
Software Engineering Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16576 (URN)
Projects
PREFORMA - PREservation FORMAts for culture information/earchives
Note

PREFORMA, PREservation FORMAts for culture. Project co-funded by the European Commission within the ICT Policy Support Programme

Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Francke, H., Gamalielsson, J. & Lundell, B. (2017). Institutional repositories as infrastructures for long-term preservation. Information research, 22(2), Article ID 757.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional repositories as infrastructures for long-term preservation
2017 (English)In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 22, no 2, article id 757Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction. The study describes the conditions for long-term preservation of the content of the institutional repositories of Swedish higher education institutions based on an investigation of how deposited files are managed with regards to file format and how representatives of the repositories describe the functions of the repositories.

Method. The findings are based on answers to a questionnaire completed by thirty-four institutional repository representatives (97% response rate).

Analysis. Questionnaire answers were analysed through descriptive statistics and qualitative coding. The concept of information infrastructures was used to analytically discuss repository work.

Results. Visibility and access to content were considered to be the most important functions of the repositories, but long-term preservation was also considered important for publications and student theses. Whereas a majority of repositories had some form of guidelines for which file formats were accepted, very few considered whether or not file formats constitute open standards. This can have consequences for the long-term sustainability and access of the content deposited in the repositories.

Conclusion. The study contributes to the discussion about the sustainability of research publications and data in the repositories by pointing to the potential difficulties involved for long-term preservation and access when there is little focus on and awareness of open file formats.

National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG); INF304 Open Source
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13693 (URN)000404552600013 ()2-s2.0-85023781793 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Västra Götaland
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Gamalielsson, J. & Lundell, B. (2017). On licensing and other conditions for contributing to widely used open source projects: an exploratory analysis. In: OpenSym '17: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Open Collaboration. Paper presented at The 13th International Symposium on Open Collaboration (OpenSym '17), Galway, Ireland — August 23 - 25, 2017 (pp. 9:1-9:14). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On licensing and other conditions for contributing to widely used open source projects: an exploratory analysis
2017 (English)In: OpenSym '17: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Open Collaboration, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2017, p. 9:1-9:14Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Open source software (OSS) projects are provided under different open source licenses and some projects use other conditions (in addition to licensing terms) for contributors to adhere to. Licensing terms and conditions may affect community involvement and contributions, and are perceived differently by different stakeholders in different OSS projects. The study reports from an exploratory analysis of licensing terms and other conditions for 200 widely used OSS projects, and an investigation of the relationship between licensing terms and other conditions for contributing. We find that strong copyleft licenses are most common and are used in the majority of the projects. Further, a clear majority of the OSS projects use no specific other condition for contributing in addition to the license terms. However, a clear majority of the OSS projects supported by foundations use other conditions for contributing in addition to the license terms. Finally, use of no specific other conditions in addition to the license terms is more common for projects using strong copyleft licensing compared to projects using non-copyleft licensing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2017
Keywords
open source, licensing, conditions, agreements
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG); INF304 Open Source
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14079 (URN)10.1145/3125433.3125456 (DOI)2-s2.0-85029690024 (Scopus ID)978-1-4503-5187-4 (ISBN)
Conference
The 13th International Symposium on Open Collaboration (OpenSym '17), Galway, Ireland — August 23 - 25, 2017
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Gamalielsson, J. & Lundell, B. (2017). On organisational involvement and collaboration in W3C standards through editorship. Journal of Internet Services and Applications, 8(1), 5:1-5:26, Article ID 5.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On organisational involvement and collaboration in W3C standards through editorship
2017 (English)In: Journal of Internet Services and Applications, ISSN 0896-4327, E-ISSN 1869-0238, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 5:1-5:26, article id 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over time, a number of open standards have been developed and implemented in software for addressing a number of challenges, such as lock-in, interoperability and longevity of software systems and associated digital artefacts. An understanding of organisational involvement and collaboration in standardisation is important for informing any future policy and organisational decisions concerning involvement in standardisation. The overarching goal of the study is toestablish how organisations contribute to open standards development through editorship. Specifically, the focus is on open standards development in the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Through an analysis of editorship for all W3C recommendations we contribute novel findings concerning organisational involvement and collaboration, and highlight contributions from different types of organisations and countries. We make five principal contributions. First, we establish an overall characterisation of organisational involvement in W3C standardisation. Second, we report on organisational involvement in W3C standardisation over time. Third, we establish how different organisations, organisation types, and countries are involved in W3C technologies. Fourth, we report on organisational involvement in relation to standard development time. Fifth, we establish how organisations collaborate in W3C standardisation through social network analysis.

Keywords
Organisations, Involvement, Collaboration, W3C, Standards, Editorship
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Software Systems Research Group (SSRG); INF304 Open Source
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13606 (URN)10.1186/s13174-017-0056-1 (DOI)000401476600001 ()2-s2.0-85019226419 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
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