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Paul, S. K., Islam, M. S., Hasibuzzaman, M. M., Hossain, F., Anjum, A., Saud, Z. A., . . . Hossain, K. (2019). Higher risk of hyperglycemia with greater susceptibility in females in chronic arsenic-exposed individuals in Bangladesh. Science of the Total Environment, 668, 1004-1012
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Higher risk of hyperglycemia with greater susceptibility in females in chronic arsenic-exposed individuals in Bangladesh
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2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 668, p. 1004-1012Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Arsenic (As) toxicity and diabetes mellitus (DM) are emerging public health concerns worldwide. Although exposure to high levels of As has been associated with DM, whether there is also an association between low and moderate As exposure and DM remains unclear. We explored the dose-dependent association between As exposure levels and hyperglycemia, with special consideration of the impact of demographic variables, in 641 subjects from rural Bangladesh. The total study participants were divided into three groups depending on their levels of exposure to As in drinking water (low, moderate and high exposure groups). Prevalence of hyperglycemia, including impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and DM was significantly associated with the subjects’ drinking water arsenic levels. Almost all exposure metrics (As levels in the subjects’ drinking water, hair and nails) showed dose-dependent associations with the risk of hyperglycemia, IGT and DM. Among the variables considered, sex, age, and BMI were found to be associated with higher risk of hyperglycemia, IGT and DM. In sex-stratified analyses, As exposure showed a clearer pattern of dose-dependent risk for hyperglycemia in females than males. Finally, drinking water containing low-to-moderate levels of As (50.01–150 μg/L) was found to confer a greater risk of hyperglycemia than safe drinking water (As ≤10 μg/L). Thus the results suggested that As exposure was dose-dependently associated with hyperglycemia, especially in females. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Arsenic, Bangladesh, Diabetes, Hyperglycemia, Impaired glucose tolerance, Glucose, Medical problems, Demographic variables, Diabetes mellitus, Exposure metrics, Impaired glucose tolerances, Safe drinking water, Stratified analysis, Potable water
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16717 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.029 (DOI)000462776800092 ()31018442 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85062716791 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-25 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Nahar, N., Rahman, A., Ghosh, S., Nawani, N. & Mandal, A. (2017). Functional studies of AtACR2 gene putatively involved in accumulation, reduction and/or sequestration of arsenic species in plants. Biologia (Bratislava), 72(5), 520-526
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional studies of AtACR2 gene putatively involved in accumulation, reduction and/or sequestration of arsenic species in plants
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2017 (English)In: Biologia (Bratislava), ISSN 0006-3088, E-ISSN 1336-9563, Vol. 72, no 5, p. 520-526Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Food-based exposure to arsenic is a human carcinogen and can severely impact human health resulting in many cancerous diseases and various neurological and vascular disorders. This project is a part of our attempts to develop new varieties of crops for avoiding arsenic contaminated foods. For this purpose, we have previously identified four key genes, and molecular functions of two of these, AtACR2 and AtPCSl, have been studied based on both in silico and in vivo experiments. In the present study, a T-DNA tagged mutant, (SALK-143282C with mutation in AtACR2 gene) of Arabidopsis thaliana was studied for further verification of the function of AtACR2 gene. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analyses revealed that this mutant exhibits a significantly reduced expression of the AtACR2 gene. When exposed to 100 μM of arsenate (AsV) for three weeks, the mutant plants accumulated arsenic approximately three times higher (778 μg/g d. wt.) than that observed in the control plants (235 μg/g d. wt.). In contrast, when the plants were exposed to 100 μM of arsenite (AsIII), no significant difference in arsenic accumulation was observed between the control and the mutant plants (535 μg/g d. wt. and 498 μg/g d. wt., respectively). Also, when arsenate and arsenite was measured separately either in shoots or roots, significant differences in accumulation of these substances were observed between the mutant and the control plants. These results suggest that AtACR2 gene is involved not only in accumulation of arsenic in plants, but also in conversion of arsenate to arsenite inside the plant cells. © 2017 Institute of Molecular Biology, Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Keywords
Arabidopsis thaliana, arsenate reductase 2 gene, arsenic accumulation, arsenic speciation, IC-ICP-DRC-MS, RT-PCR
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Botany
Research subject
Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14272 (URN)10.1515/biolog-2017-0062 (DOI)000404241300006 ()2-s2.0-85021444188 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Rahman, A., Olsson, B., Jass, J., Nawani, N., Ghosh, S. & Mandal, A. (2017). Genome Sequencing Revealed Chromium and Other Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in E. cloacae B2-Dha. Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology, 9(5), 191-199
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genome Sequencing Revealed Chromium and Other Heavy Metal Resistance Genes in E. cloacae B2-Dha
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology, E-ISSN 1948-5948, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 191-199Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The previously described chromium resistant bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA, was isolated from leather manufacturing tannery landfill in Bangladesh. Here we report the entire genome sequence of this bacterium containing chromium and other heavy metal resistance genes. The genome size and the number of genes, determined by massive parallel sequencing and comparative analysis with other known Enterobacter genomes, are predicted to be 4.22 Mb and 3958, respectively. Nearly 160 of these genes were found to be involved in binding, transport, and catabolism of ions as well as efflux of inorganic and organic compounds. Specifically, the presence of two chromium resistance genes, chrR and chrA was verified by polymerase chain reaction. The outcome of this research highlights the significance of this bacterium in bioremediation of chromium and other toxic metals from the contaminated sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Omics Publishing Group, 2017
Keywords
Genome Sequencing, Bioremediation, Toxic metals, Enterobacter cloacae, Gene annotation
National Category
Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Research subject
Biotechnology; Bioinformatics; INF501 Integration of -omics Data
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14401 (URN)10.4172/1948-5948.1000365 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-16Bibliographically approved
Rahman, A., Nahar, N., Nawani, N. N. & Mandal, A. (2017). Investigation on Arsenic-Accumulating and Arsenic-Transforming Bacteria for Potential Use in the Bioremediation of Arsenics. In: Surajit Das, Hirak Ranjan Dash (Ed.), Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation: (pp. 509-519). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigation on Arsenic-Accumulating and Arsenic-Transforming Bacteria for Potential Use in the Bioremediation of Arsenics
2017 (English)In: Handbook of Metal-Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation / [ed] Surajit Das, Hirak Ranjan Dash, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017, p. 509-519Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, arsenic-accumulating and arsenic- transformingbacterial strains that can be employed as a sourcefor cost-effective and eco-friendly bioremediation of arsenicsfrom contaminated environments have been reviewed. Thischapter demonstrates that many naturally occurring bacterialstrains like B1-CDA have the potential for reducing arseniccontent in contaminated sources to safe levels. Therefore,the socioeconomic impact of this kind of microorganisms ishighly significant for those countries, especially in the developingworld, where impoverished families and villages aremost impacted. Therefore, this discovery should be consideredto be the most significant factor in formulating nationalstrategies for effective poverty elimination. Besides humanarsenic contamination, these bacterial strains will also benefitlivestock and native animal species, and the outcome ofthese studies is vital not only for people in arsenic-affectedareas but also for human populations in other countries thathave credible health concerns as a consequence of arseniccontaminatedwater and foods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017
National Category
Microbiology
Research subject
Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14275 (URN)2-s2.0-85053344387 (Scopus ID)9781498762427 (ISBN)9781498762434 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Nahar, N., Rahman, A., Nawani, N. N., Ghosh, S. & Mandal, A. (2017). Phytoremediation of arsenic from the contaminated soil using transgenic tobacco plants expressing ACR2 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of plant physiology (Print), 218, 121-126
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phytoremediation of arsenic from the contaminated soil using transgenic tobacco plants expressing ACR2 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana
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2017 (English)In: Journal of plant physiology (Print), ISSN 0176-1617, E-ISSN 1618-1328, Vol. 218, p. 121-126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have cloned, characterized and transformed the AtACR2 gene (arsenic reductase 2) of Arabidopsis thaliana into the genome of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, var Sumsun). Our results revealed that the transgenic tobacco plants are more tolerant to arsenic than the wild type ones. These plants can grow on culture medium containing 200μM arsenate, whereas the wild type can barely survive under this condition. Furthermore, when exposed to 100μM arsenate for 35days the amount of arsenic accumulated in the shoots of transgenic plants was significantly lower (28μg/g d wt.) than that found in the shoots of non-transgenic controls (40μg/g d wt.). However, the arsenic content in the roots of transgenic plants was significantly higher (2400μg/g d. wt.) than that (2100μg/g d. wt.) observed in roots of wild type plants. We have demonstrated that Arabidopsis thaliana AtACR2 gene is a potential candidate for genetic engineering of plants to develop new crop cultivars that can be grown on arsenic contaminated fields to reduce arsenic content of the soil and can become a source of food containing no arsenic or exhibiting substantially reduced amount of this metalloid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Arabidopsis thaliana, Arsenic, AtACR2 overexpression, Heavy metal accumulation, Nicotiana tabacum, Phytoremediation
National Category
Botany Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14271 (URN)10.1016/j.jplph.2017.08.001 (DOI)000413327800014 ()28818758 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85031780264 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Yewale, P. P., Rahman, A., Nahar, N., Saha, A., Jass, J., Mandal, A. & Nawani, N. N. (2017). Sources of Metal Pollution, Global Status, and Conventional Bioremediation Practices. In: Surajit Das, Hirak Ranjan Dash (Ed.), Handbook of Metal–Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation: (pp. 25-40). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of Metal Pollution, Global Status, and Conventional Bioremediation Practices
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2017 (English)In: Handbook of Metal–Microbe Interactions and Bioremediation / [ed] Surajit Das, Hirak Ranjan Dash, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017, p. 25-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Pollution control has become a priority task for global regulatory authorities. The framing of regulations, guidelines, and implementation of pollution awareness and control programs has begun at a massive scale. Heavy metals that are one of the most challenging pollutants that affect humans, animals, plants, and the ecosystem health. The sources of different metals and their toxicities are described. Current approaches in bioremediation are addressed along with the challenges posed by them. Furthermore, recent developments in biotechnology that offer novel ways to recover metals from contaminated sites are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017
Keywords
Metal Pollution, Bioremediation, Human Health, Microbial Biotechnology
National Category
Natural Sciences Biological Sciences Microbiology
Research subject
Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14283 (URN)2-s2.0-85043683459 (Scopus ID)9781498762427 (ISBN)9781498762434 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-01 Created: 2017-11-01 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
Rahman, A. (2016). Bioremediation of Toxic Metals for Protecting Human Health and the Ecosystem. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro: Örebro University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioremediation of Toxic Metals for Protecting Human Health and the Ecosystem
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Heavy metal pollutants, discharged into the ecosystem as waste by anthropogenic activities, contaminate drinking water for millions of people and animals in many regions of the world. Long term exposure to these metals, leads to several lethal diseases like cancer, keratosis, gangrene, diabetes, cardio- vascular disorders, etc. Therefore, removal of these pollutants from soil, water and environment is of great importance for human welfare. One of the possible eco-friendly solutions to this problem is the use of microorganisms that can accumulate the heavy metals from the contaminated sources, hence reducing the pollutant contents to a safe level.

In this thesis an arsenic resistant bacterium Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA, a chromium resistant bacterium Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA and a nickel resistant bacterium Lysinibacillus sp. BA2 were isolated and studied. The minimum inhibitory concentration values of these isolates are 500 mM sodium arsenate, 5.5 mM potassium chromate and 9 mM nickel chloride, respectively. The time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy analyses revealed that after 120 h of exposure, the intracellular accumulation of arsenic in B1-CDA and chromium in B2-DHA were 5.0 mg/g dwt and 320 μg/g dwt of cell biomass, respectively. However, the arsenic and chromium contents in the liquid medium were reduced to 50% and 81%, respectively. The adsorption values of BA2 when exposed to nickel for 6 h were 238.04 mg of Ni(II) per gram of dead biomass indicating BA2 can reduce nickel content in the solution to 53.89%. Scanning electron micrograph depicted the effect of these metals on cellular morphology of the isolates. The genetic composition of B1-CDA and B2-DHA were studied in detail by sequencing of whole genomes. All genes of B1-CDA and B2-DHA predicted to be associated with resistance to heavy metals were annotated.

The findings in this study accentuate the significance of these bacteria in removing toxic metals from the contaminated sources. The genetic mechanisms of these isolates in absorbing and thus removing toxic metals could be used as vehicles to cope with metal toxicity of the contaminated effluents discharged to the nature by industries and other human activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2016. p. 80
Series
Örebro Studies in Life Science, ISSN 1653-3100 ; 15
Keywords
Heavy Metals, Pollution, Accumulation, Remediation, Human Health, Bacteria, Genome Sequencing, de novo Assembly, Gene Prediction
National Category
Other Biological Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12885 (URN)978-91-7529-146-8 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Public defence
2016-09-22, Hus G, sal G 111, Högskolevägen, Skövde, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-07 Created: 2016-09-07 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Rahman, A., Nahar, N., Olsson, B. & Mandal, A. (2016). Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA: a Chromium-Resistant Bacterium. Genome Announcements, 4(3), Article ID e00483-16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA: a Chromium-Resistant Bacterium
2016 (English)In: Genome Announcements, ISSN 2169-8287, E-ISSN 2169-8287, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00483-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previously, we reported a chromium-resistant bacterium, Enterobacter cloacae B2-DHA, isolated from the landfills of tannery industries in Bangladesh. Here, we investigated its genetic composition using massively parallel sequencing and comparative analysis with other known Enterobacter genomes. Assembly of the sequencing reads revealed a genome of ~4.21 Mb in size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2016
Keywords
Enterobacter cloacae, Genome sequencing, de novo assembly, Gene annotation
National Category
Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Research subject
Bioinformatics; Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12317 (URN)10.1128/genomeA.00483-16 (DOI)000460660100145 ()27257201 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85009965114 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Rahman, A., Nahar, N., Jass, J., Olsson, B. & Mandal, A. (2016). Complete genome sequence of Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA: a bacterium that accumulates arsenics. Genome Announcements, 4(1), Article ID e00999-15.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complete genome sequence of Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA: a bacterium that accumulates arsenics
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2016 (English)In: Genome Announcements, ISSN 2169-8287, E-ISSN 2169-8287, Vol. 4, no 1, article id e00999-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here, we report the genomic sequence and genetic composition of an arsenic resistant bacterium Lysinibacillus sphaericus B1-CDA. Assembly of the sequencing reads revealed that the genome size is ~4.5 Mb encompassing ~80% of the chromosomal DNA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2016
National Category
Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Research subject
Natural sciences; Bioinformatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11733 (URN)10.1128/genomeA.00999-15 (DOI)000460649500018 ()26798084 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85009977094 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-12-01 Created: 2015-12-01 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Nawani, N., Rahman, A., Nahar, N., Saha, A., Kapadnis, B. & Mandal, A. (2016). Status of metal pollution in rivers flowing through urban settlements at Pune and its effect on resident microflora. Biologia (Bratislava), 71(5), 494-507
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Status of metal pollution in rivers flowing through urban settlements at Pune and its effect on resident microflora
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2016 (English)In: Biologia (Bratislava), ISSN 0006-3088, E-ISSN 1336-9563, Vol. 71, no 5, p. 494-507Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study illustrates the sporadic distribution of metals in fluvial systems flowing from catchments to urban settlements. This is a detailed study prognosticating the deteriorating quality of rivers at specific locations due to metal pollution. Heavy metals like cadmium, lead, nickel and mercury are prominent in industrial sector. Contour plots derived using spatial and temporal data could determine the focal point of metal pollution and its gradation. Metal values recorded were cadmium 157 mg/L, lead 47 mg/L, nickel 61 mg/L and mercury 0.56 mg/L. Prokaryote diversity was less in polluted water and it harboured metal tolerant bacteria, which were isolated from these polluted sites. Actinomycetes like Streptomyces and several other bacteria like Stenotrophomonas and Pseudomonas isolated from the polluted river sites exhibited changes in morphology in presence of heavy metals. This stress response offered remedial measures as Streptomyces were effective in biosorption of cadmium, nickel and lead and Stenotrophomonas and Pseudomonas were effective in the bioaccumulation of lead and cadmium. The amount of 89 mg of lead and 106 mg of nickel could be adsorbed on one gram of Streptomyces biomass-based biosorbent. Such biological remedies can be further explored to remove metals from polluted sites and from metal contaminated industrial or waste waters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bratislava: Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2016
Keywords
Metal pollution, Bioremediation, Morphological Changes, Pune rivers, Prokaryote Diversity
National Category
Microbiology Environmental Sciences Water Engineering
Research subject
Natural sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12307 (URN)10.1515/biolog-2016-0074 (DOI)000379818000005 ()2-s2.0-84976553017 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Bioremediation of toxic metals and other pollutants for protecting human health and the ecosystem
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8162-8945

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