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Häggström Westberg, K., Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Nygren, J. M., Morgan, A. & Nyholm, M. (2019). Optimism as a Candidate Health Asset: Exploring Its Links with Adolescent Quality of Life in Sweden. Child Development, 90(3), 970-984
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimism as a Candidate Health Asset: Exploring Its Links with Adolescent Quality of Life in Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 970-984Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to understand the role that optimism could play in the context of a health asset approach to promote adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Adolescents (n = 948), between 11 and 16 years old from a medium-sized rural town in Sweden, answered questionnaires measuring optimism, pessimism, and HRQOL. The findings indicate a significant decrease in optimism and a significant increase in pessimism between early and mid adolescence. The study has allowed us to present associational evidence of the links between optimism and HRQOL. This infers the potential of an optimistic orientation about the future to function as a health asset during adolescence and by implication may provide additional intervention tools in the planning of health promotion strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14779 (URN)10.1111/cdev.12958 (DOI)000477640100026 ()28922470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065044168 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Sundler, A. J., Wilhsson, M., Darcy, L. & Larsson, M. (2019). School nurses recognition of maltreatment of schoolchildren. In: : . Paper presented at School Nurses International Conference (SNI 2019), 22-26 July 2019, Stockholm, Sweden (pp. 26-26).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School nurses recognition of maltreatment of schoolchildren
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background

Human rights incorporate children and maltreatment against children is a violation of children's fundamental human rights. The Children's Convention states that children should be protected from all forms of physical and mental violence, as well as neglect and sexual abuse. Long-term effects of child maltreatment influence children’s health and academic achievement. School nurses are responsible for the identification of school age children at risk of or subjected to maltreatment, thus enforcing children’s rights.

Aim

The aim was to explore school nurses experiences of recognizing maltreatment against children.

Method

A questionnaire survey with a descriptive design was conducted. A convenience sample of 233 school nurses attending the Swedish school nursing conference in 2018 answered the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained nine questions of child maltreatment, regarding domestic violence, sexual abuse and honor related violence.

Result

The vast majority of school nurses, 96%, reported experiences of child maltreatment within the family. Approximately half of them, 54 %, had experiences of honor related violence to the child and 57% had experiences of child sexual abuse. Experiences of a child admitting sexual abuse in the past year were less common, 14%, but only 8 % of the nurses had made a mandatory report regarding sexual abuse during that time. Overall, the number of nurses mandatorily reporting child maltreatment is less than the number suspecting the same. 

Conclusion

The findings indicate that experiences of child maltreatment among school nurses are common. However, not all suspected cases, particularly in relation to child sexual abuse, were reported. More research is needed to further explore mandatory reporting and why all suspected cases are not reported.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17562 (URN)
Conference
School Nurses International Conference (SNI 2019), 22-26 July 2019, Stockholm, Sweden
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Einberg, E.-L. & Wilhsson, M. (2019). Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete med ett kontextuellt perspektiv (2ed.). In: Eva K. Clausson, Siv Morberg (Ed.), Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete: (pp. 73-84). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete med ett kontextuellt perspektiv
2019 (Swedish)In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K. Clausson, Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 73-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019 Edition: 2
Keywords
skolsköterskor, omvårdnad, hälsopromotion, hälsofrämjande arbete
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17560 (URN)978-91-44-12534-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Sundler, A. J., Whilson, M., Darcy, L. & Larsson, M. (2019). Swedish School Nurses’ Experiences of Child Abuse. Journal of School Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish School Nurses’ Experiences of Child Abuse
2019 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Child abuse recognition and the protection of children is a global concern. In Sweden, the role of the school nurse (SN) is to promote schoolchildren’s health and development and to identify and prevent harm. The aim of this study was to describe Swedish SN experiences of suspecting, identifying, and reporting child abuse and to compare them with respect to (a) years of experience as SN, (b) age of SN, and (c) pupil population size. A descriptive design was used. Two-hundred and thirty-three SNs completed a survey detailing their experiences. Most SNs (96%) reported having suspected a child suffering from physical or psychological abuse. Approximately half of them reported occurrences of honor-related violence (54%) and of child sexual abuse (57%). SNs with less nursing experience reported significantly less recognition and reporting of child abuse. The findings indicate that experiences of child abuse are common. Thus, it is vital that SNs have the necessary competency and support to identify and report suspected child abuse. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
abuse, child maltreatment, health promotion, honor-based violence, neglect, prevention, school nurse, sexual abuse, article, case report, child, child sexual abuse, clinical article, emotional abuse, female, human, male, physical abuse, population size, school health nursing
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Woman, Child and Family (WomFam)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17517 (URN)10.1177/1059840519863843 (DOI)000478310500001 ()31311406 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85069878938 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Carlsson, I.-M., Högdin, S. & Nygren, J. M. (2017). Handling Demands of Success Among Girls and Boys in Primarly School: A Conceptual Model. Journal of School Nursing, 33(4), 316-325
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Handling Demands of Success Among Girls and Boys in Primarly School: A Conceptual Model
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2017 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 316-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress among adolescents in Western societies is becoming an issue of increasing concern, and the global trend of adolescents’ health shows a gradual deterioration that is independent of national differences and increases with age. The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of adolescents and about how they cope with demands in everyday life. Participants were 14–16 years old, and data were collected from three sources. A constructivist grounded theory was used as a method for generating a model of the adolescents’ description of how they cope with demands in their everyday lives. The main concern described by participants in this study was to strive to be successful and to succeed in the present and throughout their lives. We conclude that differences between girls and boys, in terms of coping with demands in their everyday lives, are important to consider in the development of health promotion initiatives targeted at adolescents. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
adolescents, stress, coping, demand, gender, school nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14782 (URN)10.1177/1059840516654743 (DOI)000406074800009 ()27311316 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85025177566 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: municipality of Halmstad, Länsförsäkringar Halland and Ljungbergska foundation

Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Högdin, S. & Nygren, J. M. (2017). Strategies of Adolescent Girls and Boys for Coping With School-Related Stress. Journal of School Nursing, 33(5), 374-382
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies of Adolescent Girls and Boys for Coping With School-Related Stress
2017 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 374-382Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress among adolescents in Western societies is becoming an issue of increasing concern of adolescent’s health. The aim of this study was to gain greater knowledge about how girls and boys perceive and cope with school-related stress. Participants were 14- to 15-year-old adolescents from a medium-sized municipality in southern Sweden. The data were collected from focus group interviews. The data were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The findings show that adolescents ‘‘prioritizing the future or the present by making choices, finding their own private sphere to relax, and recovering with family and friends.’’ There were gender differences in how these strategies were used. The findings could be used for initiating and planning health promotion interventions in school with focus on supporting girls’ and boys’ equal terms to cope with school-related stress in present and for the future and to give equal condition for future studies and opportunities in life. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
adolescent, school-related stress, gender, well-being, school nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14787 (URN)10.1177/1059840516676875 (DOI)000411073700006 ()28891410 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85029446880 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: Municipality of Halmstad, Länsförsäkringar Halland & Ljungbergska foundation

Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M. (2017). Ungdomars strävan mot att lyckas och nå framgång i livet: skolan som hälsofrämjande arena. (Doctoral dissertation). Halmstad: Halmstad University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ungdomars strävan mot att lyckas och nå framgång i livet: skolan som hälsofrämjande arena
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Avhandlingens övergripande syfte var att öka kunskapen om perspektiv på ungdomars hälsa som utgångspunkt för att utveckla hälsofrämjande insatser i skolan. Metod: Studie I hade en kvantitativ beskrivande tvärsnittsdesign. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 948 ungdomar (11-15 år) som analyserades med multivariat logistik regressionsanalys. Studie II hade en kvalitativ utforskande design. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 117 ungdomar (14-17 år) och analyserades med grundad teori. Studie III hade en kvalitativ beskrivande design. Datamatmaterialet inhämtades från 42 ungdomar (14-15 år) och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Studie IV hade en kvalitativ beskrivande design. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 27 intressenter och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Ungdomarna strävar mot att lyckas och att bli framgångsrika i nuet och i framtiden. En strävan som för ungdomarna upplevs som en kamp om sin tid, en kamp som de hanterar genom att använda sig av olika strategier för att balansera skolarbete och fritid. Flickors strävan handlar om att nå framgång i skolan för att bli självständig i framtiden. För pojkarna innebär framgång att bli framgångsrika inom någon av sina fritidsaktiviteter så som sport, som visar deras fysiska styrka. Framgång i nuet är av betydelse för pojkarna till skillnad från flickorna som ser på sin framgång i ett längre perspektiv. Det hälsofrämjande arbetet bör inrikta sig på att stödja ungdomars känsla av sammanhang och stärka optimism redan tidigt i tonåren samt synliggöra organisatoriska och kontextuella strukturer och normer som påverkar flickors och pojkars hälsa och livsstil. Konklusion:Sammanfattningsvis visar avhandlingen att perspektiv på ungdomars hälsa bör förstås på olika nivåer i samhället och också inkluderar perspektiv på kön. Vidare bör faktorer som är av betydelse för ungdomars livsstil diskuteras utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv och det hälsofrämjande arbetet i skolan bör utveckla insatser med kontextuella och könsspecifika utgångspunkter för att främja flickors och pojkars hälsa och livsstil.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2017. p. 80
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations ; 31
Keywords
adolescent, optimism, school-related stress, health promotion, sense of coherence, ungdomar, optimism, skolrelaterad stress, hälsofrämjande arbete, känsla av sammanhang
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14781 (URN)978-91-87045-64-6 (ISBN)978-91-87045-65-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-16, Beartlingsalen, Hus J (Visionen), Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Högdin, S. & Nygren, J. M. (2016). Girls and boys strategies to handle and cope with school-related stress. Paper presented at 9th European Public Health Conference All for Health, Health for All, Vienna, Austria, 9–12 November 2016. European Journal of Public Health, 26(Suppl. 1), 221-221
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Girls and boys strategies to handle and cope with school-related stress
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, no Suppl. 1, p. 221-221Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background A trend of increased stress and deteriorating mental health of adolescents is a global challenge (Currier et al, 2012). Research shows that many adolescents report high levels of stress associated with an increased focus on school performance (Moknes et al, 2014). These demands generally have a stronger impact on girl’s health (Låftman & Modig, 2013) due to context and social construction of norms, values and beliefs about femininity and masculinity (Connell, 2002; Butler, 1999). The aim was to get a deeper understanding of girls and boys perceptions of how they handle demands and school-related stress. Methods This study has an explorative design and was analyzed by qualitative content analysis described by Graneheim and Lundman (2004). The participants were 42 adolescents 15 years old, interviewed in five focus groups, dived by gender from five randomly selected schools. Two additional gender mixed focus groups with 14 adolescents 15 years old, were recruited from two of the randomly selected schools. Results The results show that girls and boys handle school-related stress by using similar strategies, but in different ways. Girls express that they have to prioritize to deselect activities they use to do to handle demands from school, and boys prioritize their own activities to obtain strength to cope with demands. Girls often think about their future while boys more often live in present time, and don’t worry so much about the future. Girls receive social support and recovery from friends and family, while boys do various activities with their friends and family to get energy. Conclusions This study shows that girls and boys used different strategies to handle demand and school-related stress. The results are based on adolescent’s experiences and could therefore be an important foundation for interventions that promote adolescents capabilities to cope with increasing demands and to handle school-related stress. Key messages: This study shows that girls and boys perceived and used different strategies to handle demand and school-related stress The result is an important foundation for interventions that promote adolescents capabilities to cope with increasing demands and to handle school-related stress © The Author 2016.

Keywords
Health, Adolescent, school-related stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14786 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckw170.038 (DOI)000398600402123 ()
Conference
9th European Public Health Conference All for Health, Health for All, Vienna, Austria, 9–12 November 2016
Note

9th European Public Health Conference: Parallel Sessions

Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Högdin, S. & Nygren, J. (2016). Handling demands on success among girls and boys in primarly school – a conceptual model. In: : . Paper presented at 5th International Conference on Pediatric Nursing & Healthcare, July 11-12, 2016 Cologne, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Handling demands on success among girls and boys in primarly school – a conceptual model
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Stress among adolescents in Western societies is becoming an issue of increasing concern and the global trend of adolescents’ health shows a gradual deterioration that is independent of national differences and increases with age. Research shows that many adolescents report high levels of stress, associated with a change in expectations about performance and an increased focus on school results. Purpose/methods: The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of adolescents to get a deeper knowledge on how they cope with demands in everyday life. Grounded theory was used as a method to generate a model. Results: The core category “striving to be successful and to succeed” explains participants’ main concern in their everyday lives as a continuous process aiming for success in the present and to succeed throughout their lives. The category is what the participants describe as a race against time and can be divided into the two conceptual categories “struggling with time” and “separating life into different worlds”, pronouncing how they struggle and cope with their main concern in order to obtain wellbeing. Our results show a difference between how girls and boys cope with their demands. Conclusions: We show that girls and boys used different strategies to cope with stress in their everyday life. The results are based on adolescent’s experiences and are therefore an important contribution for initiating interventions aimed at promoting adolescents mental health from a gender perspective.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14785 (URN)
Conference
5th International Conference on Pediatric Nursing & Healthcare, July 11-12, 2016 Cologne, Germany
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Wilhsson, M., Svedberg, P., Högdin, S. & Nygren, J. (2013). Halmstad project: a participatory intervention to promote children’s mental health. In: Jürgen M. Pelikan, Christina Dietscher (Ed.), 21st International Conference on Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services: Abstract book. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services (HPH), May 22-24, 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden (pp. 123-123). WHO-CC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Halmstad project: a participatory intervention to promote children’s mental health
2013 (English)In: 21st International Conference on Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services: Abstract book / [ed] Jürgen M. Pelikan, Christina Dietscher, WHO-CC , 2013, p. 123-123Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WHO-CC, 2013
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14783 (URN)
Conference
21st International Conference on Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services (HPH), May 22-24, 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8647-8299

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