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Kazemi, Ali
Publications (10 of 94) Show all publications
Dorsch, M. J., Törnblom, K. Y. & Kazemi, A. (2017). A Review of Resource Theories and Their Implications for Understanding Consumer Behavior. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, 2(1), 5-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Review of Resource Theories and Their Implications for Understanding Consumer Behavior
2017 (English)In: Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, ISSN 2378-1815, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 5-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The shift to consumer-centric marketing accentuates the need for a more comprehensive understanding of consumer desires, including how consumers manage their resources to satisfy these desires. However, the complexity of the resource concept combined with a fragmented research stream thus far provides a limited understanding of consumer resources and their effect on consumer well-being. The purpose of this article is to encourage continued research into consumer resources, including resource exchange, to gain a more complete understanding of the concept and to facilitate the development of a unified theory of consumer resources. To accomplish our objective, resource theories proposed in different disciplines (economics, management/marketing, psychology, and social psychology) are summarized and used to provide research direction into a wide variety of consumer behavior issues related to consumer resource management and resource exchange behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Chicago Press, 2017
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13378 (URN)10.1086/688860 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-02-10 Created: 2017-02-10 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Elfstrand Corlin, T. & Kazemi, A. (2017). Accounting for job satisfaction: Examining the interplay of person and situation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58(5), 436-442
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accounting for job satisfaction: Examining the interplay of person and situation
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 436-442Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, we investigate the interplay of personality traits (i.e., person) in frontline care staff in nursing homes and the way they relate to the residents (i.e., situation) to account for their job satisfaction. Participants completed a survey including Mini-IPIP tapping the five-factor model of personality, Individualized Care Inventory tapping four aspects of person-centered care and job satisfaction. The results revealed that staff scoring high on neuroticism experienced less job satisfaction. This relationship was partly accounted for by resident autonomy, suggesting that part of the adverse influence of neuroticism on job satisfaction may be mitigated by organizations providing a supportive care environment. In contrast, staff scoring high on agreeableness experienced higher job satisfaction. This relationship was accounted for by another aspect of person-centered care, that is, knowing the person. This suggests that agreeableness in a sense facilitated adjustment of acts of care toward the unique needs and preferences of residents and this partly explained why the more agreeable the staff was the more they felt satisfied at work. In sum, effects of personality traits on job satisfaction in care staff are partially mediated by the perception of working conditions and care policy and to the extent that a certain personality trait affects whether the staff have a positive or negative perception of the way they relate to the residents, they will experience, respectively, higher or a lower job satisfaction. This finding has implications for how to combine a focus on delivering person-centered care with improving personal job satisfaction.

Keyword
Job satisfaction, Big Five, personality, person-centered care, individualized care
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14093 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12384 (DOI)000417415300011 ()28833208 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85027702179 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2017-12-28Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. (2017). Conceptualizing and measuring occupational social well-being: a validation study. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 25(1), 45-61
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing and measuring occupational social well-being: a validation study
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 45-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The current conceptualizations and measurements of well-being are inadequate in the context of work. Specifically, well-being research has neglected the social aspects of well-being. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the validity of a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected in an educational setting, i.e. six different schools in a Swedish municipality. A total of 314 teachers and other categories of school staff (239 females and 75 males) participated in a survey study. Findings: Results provided empirical support for a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. The dimensions were integration, acceptance, contribution, actualization and coherence, and they were differentially correlated with previous measures of well-being. Furthermore, occupational social well-being accounted for additional variance in work tension, overall job satisfaction and organizational commitment over and above the variance accounted for by positive and negative affect and satisfaction with life, indicating the value of taking domain-specific social indicators of well-being into account in explaining various employee outcomes. Practical implications: Occupational social well-being is an umbrella term for describing the well-lived social life in the context of work. As such, this is a crucial part of a holistic view of well-being at work. Thus, effective employee well-being enhancement programs should not only focus on physical and mental health promotion or competence development but must also include measures of relational experience and functioning as discussed in the present study. Originality/value: This is the first study to measure and validate occupational social well-being as an attempt to complement existing measures of subjective and psychological well-being. Measures of social aspects of well-being are crucial to assess as it has been argued in previous research that context-free measures of well-being might render misleading results.

Keyword
Sweden, Validation, Well-being, School, Social well-being, Occupational health, Occupational psychology
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13450 (URN)10.1108/IJOA-07-2015-0889 (DOI)000399072700003 ()2-s2.0-85015778467 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A., Eek, D. & Gärling, T. (2017). Equity, Equal Shares or Equal Final Outcomes?: Group Goal Guides Allocations of Public Goods. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1-7, Article ID 36.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equity, Equal Shares or Equal Final Outcomes?: Group Goal Guides Allocations of Public Goods
2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, p. 1-7, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In an experiment we investigate preferences for allocation of a public good among group members who contributed unequally in providing the public good. Inducing the group goal of productivity resulted in preferences for equitable allocations, whereas inducing the group goals of harmony and social concern resulted in preferences for equal final outcomes. The study makes a contribution by simultaneously treating provision and allocation of a public good, thus viewing these as related processes. Another contribution is that a new paradigm is introduced that bears closer resemblance to real life public good dilemmas than previous research paradigms do.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2017
Keyword
group goal, public good dilemma, social dilemma, public good provision, allocation, equity, equal shares, equal final outcomes, research paradigm
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13299 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00036 (DOI)000392638200001 ()28179890 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85012070469 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Roos, M. & Kazemi, A. (2017). Mapping the Relationship between Personality and Electronic Commerce in a Representative Swedish sample. In: : . Paper presented at 24th Nordic Academic of Management Conference, Bodø, Norway, August 23-25, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping the Relationship between Personality and Electronic Commerce in a Representative Swedish sample
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: According to previous research, a high degree of Openness and Neuroticism, and a low degree of Agreeableness are personality determinants of online shopping. This study aims to explore the relationship between the five factor model of personality and online shopping in a Swedish context.

Methods: 5238 individuals in a representative sample of the Swedish population responded to a survey including measures of the five personality factors (HP5i, 15 items) and online shopping. (3686 individuals were included in the analysis).

Results: A logistic regression analysis was conducted to test if personality factors (ranging from 1 = completely disagree to 4 = completely agree) predicted online shopping. The dependent variable was buying online at least one time per month. Gender, age and monthly income were control variables. Our findings indicated that online shopping was significantly (p < .05) associated with a high degree of Openness (e.g. open to feelings/emotions) and high degree of Extraversion (e.g. positive emotional experiences).

Discussion and Conclusion: People high on Openness might like to shop online because online shopping offers them an adventure, variety and new ideas. People high on extraversion might be motivated to purchase online for their need of excitability. The findings propose that online shopping primarily is triggered by emotions and affect rather than reasoning and cognition.

Keyword
personality factors, online shopping, affect, cognition
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14497 (URN)
Conference
24th Nordic Academic of Management Conference, Bodø, Norway, August 23-25, 2017
Available from: 2017-11-17 Created: 2017-11-17 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Elfstrand Corlin, T., Kajonius, P. J. & Kazemi, A. (2017). The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 12(2), Article ID e12132.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e12132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim and objective: In this study, we explore how personal and situational factors relate to the provision of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes. Specifically, we focus on the relationship between the care staff's personality traits and provision of PCC and to what extent perceptions of the working environment influences this relationship.

Background: The ultimate goal of elderly care is to meet the older person's needs and individual preferences (PCC). Interpersonal aspects of care and the quality of relationship between the care staff and the older person are therefore central in PCC.

Design and methods: A cross-sectional Swedish sample of elderly care staff (= 322) completed an electronic survey including measures of personality (Mini-IPIP) and person-centred care (Individualized Care Inventory, ICI). A principal component analysis was conducted on the ICI-data to separate the user orientation (process quality) of PCC from the preconditions (structure quality) of PCC.

Results: Among the five factors of personality, neuroticism was the strongest predictor of ICI user orientation. ICI preconditions significantly mediated this relationship, indicating the importance of a supportive working environment. In addition, stress was introduced as a potential explanation and was shown to mediate the impact of neuroticism on ICI preconditions.

Conclusions: Personality traits have a significant impact on user orientation, and the perception of a supportive and stress free working environment is an important prerequisite for achieving high-quality person-centred elderly care.

Implications for practice: Understanding how personality is linked to the way care staff interacts with the older person adds a new perspective on provision of person-centred elderly care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2017
Keyword
big five, elderly care, nursing homes, personality, person-centred care, stress
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC; Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13768 (URN)10.1111/opn.12132 (DOI)000405747900004 ()27696736 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994888198 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. & Kajonius, P. (2017). Variations in user-oriented elderly care: a multilevel approach. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, 9(2), 138-147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Variations in user-oriented elderly care: a multilevel approach
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 138-147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Quality of care, Home care, Client satisfaction, Nursing home, Elderly care, User-oriented care, Person-centred care, Individualized care
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC; Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13958 (URN)10.1108/IJQSS-06-2016-0045 (DOI)000413091800001 ()2-s2.0-85025101456 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Kajonius, P. J. & Kazemi, A. (2016). Advancing the Big Five of User-Oriented Elderly Care and Accounting for its Variations. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 29(2), 162-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advancing the Big Five of User-Oriented Elderly Care and Accounting for its Variations
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 162-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Care process quality (i.e., how care is enacted by a care worker toward a client at the interpersonal level) is a strong predictor of satisfaction in a wide range of health care services. The present research aims at describing the basic elements of care process quality as user-oriented care. Specifically, the questions of how and why quality in user-oriented care varies were investigated in the context of elderly care.

Design – Two municipalities were selected for in-depth field studies. First, in each municipality, we interviewed and observed care workers’ interactions with the older persons in both home care and nursing homes during two weeks (Study 1). Second, in an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of why process quality in terms of user-oriented care varies, we conducted interviews with care workers and care unit managers (Study 2).

Findings – A new taxonomy for categorising process quality variation, the Big Five of user-oriented care (Task-focus, Person-focus, Affect, Cooperation, and Time-use), is proposed. In addition, the perceived reasons for process quality variation are reported in our own developed Quality Agents Model, suggesting that variations in care process evaluations may be explained from different perspectives at multiple levels (i.e., older person, care worker-, unit-, department-, and municipality-level).

Value – The proposed taxonomy and model are useful for describing user-oriented care quality and the reasons for its variations. These findings are of relevance for future quality developments of elderly care services, but also may be adapted to applications in any other enterprise employing a user-oriented approach.

Keywords elderly care, quality, satisfaction, person-centered care, individualised care, user-oriented care

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11678 (URN)10.1108/IJHCQA-03-2015-0040 (DOI)26959896 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84960449710 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A., Eek, D. & Gärling, T. (2016). Allocation of Public Goods: The Interplay of Self-Interest, Fairness, and Group Goal. Social Psychology, 47(4), 214-222
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Allocation of Public Goods: The Interplay of Self-Interest, Fairness, and Group Goal
2016 (English)In: Social Psychology, ISSN 1864-9335, E-ISSN 2151-2590, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 214-222Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Seventy-two undergraduates participating in a step-level asymmetric public good dilemma were requested to distribute the provided public good among the group members to achieve different group goals. In Line with the hypotheses, economic productivity resulted in equitable allocations, harmony in equal allocations, and social concern in need-based allocations. The results also supported the hypotheses that salience of group goal minimizes influences of self-interest on allocations and that perceived fairness accounts for why people pursuing different group goals differ in their preferences for allocation of public goods.

Keyword
social dilemma, public good dilemma, self-interest, fairness, group goal, allocation preference
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13057 (URN)10.1027/1864-9335/a000275 (DOI)000384517100004 ()2-s2.0-84986243081 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-10-27 Created: 2016-10-27 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Tengblad, S., Kazemi, A. & Kajonius, P. (2016). Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 93(2), 178-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg
2016 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 2, p. 178-189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I artikeln redogörs för de viktigaste faktorerna som påverkar brukarnöjdhet inom svensk äldreomsorg på basis av statistiska analyser av primärdata i Socialstyrelsens och SKL:s årliga undersökning Öppna jämförelser samt fältstudier. Resultaten visar på den stora betydelsen av goda relationer mellan medarbetare och brukare präglade av respekt, trygghet och inflytande.  I artikeln redogörs också för de fem viktigaste komponenterna i det som kallas brukarorientering nämligen uppgiftsfokus, individfokus, känsla, samarbete och tidsanvändning. Syftet med denna artikel är att uppmärksamma beslutsfattare och äldreomsorgsadministratörer på betydelsen av att sträva efter en hög relationskvalitet och att undvika ett överdrivet fokus på att nå goda rankningresultat, särskilt som dessa rankningar har visats överdriva skillnader i kommuners äldreomsorgskvalitet.

Keyword
äldreomsorg, brukarorientering, kvalitet, öppna jämförelser, nöjdhet, brukartillfredsställelse
National Category
Social Psychology Business Administration
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13135 (URN)
Available from: 2016-11-24 Created: 2016-11-24 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
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