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Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
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Abraha Gebrekidan, D., Le Hieu, H. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2019). How Developed-Country Firms Make Standardization/Transfer and Adaptations Decisions in Relation to their Developing-Host-Country Operations?. Journal of East-West Business, 25(2), 107-143
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How Developed-Country Firms Make Standardization/Transfer and Adaptations Decisions in Relation to their Developing-Host-Country Operations?
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of East-West Business, ISSN 1066-9868, E-ISSN 1528-6959, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 107-143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Factors influencing firms’ standardization and adaptations decisions tend to be treated as static isolated entities in the extant literature. Further, the focus is predominantly on Western MNCs and product development or marketing functions with manufacturing firms and the emerging/developing country perspective underrepresented. We explore factors, as well as their interrelations that determine standardization and adaptations decisions when a developed country manufacturing firm establishes operations in a developing country. Purposefully, Italian manufacturing firms with operations in Vietnam are examined. We identify functions, processes, and practices that are standardized/transferred and those that are adapted. A theoretical model is developed based on the findings.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2019
Nyckelord
Decision-making, headquarters-subsidiary coordination, internationalization, Italy, production process technology, Vietnam
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16998 (URN)10.1080/10669868.2018.1524403 (DOI)000470140700001 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-10 Skapad: 2019-06-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2018). A model for understanding the process of firm establishment in foreign loosely-structured emerging markets. Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 11(4), 327-342
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A model for understanding the process of firm establishment in foreign loosely-structured emerging markets
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, ISSN 1549-9324, E-ISSN 1747-6763, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 327-342Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Our understanding of the process of firm establishment in foreign markets is relatively limited especially in relation to host-developing and host-emerging markets. The market-specific and context-driven nature of the firm establishment process is largely overlooked in the literature. Against this background, we aim to chart the establishment process of a Spanish telecommunication firm, Telefonica, in Brazil and Chile by applying the 'four stage firm establishment process model in foreign markets' (Abraha, 1994). We identify strategic responses crafted by Telefonica to overcome the challenges during its establishment process. We revise Abraha's model in view of the findings and conclude with implications for managerial practices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
InderScience Publishers, 2018
Nyckelord
internationalisation, firm establishment, Telefónica, Brazil, Chile, Spain, telecommunication, multinational, foreign market entry process.
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16794 (URN)10.1504/JIBED.2018.098715 (DOI)000463058900003 ()2-s2.0-85063881845 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-18 Skapad: 2019-04-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2017). Determinants of the international strategic alliance process and alliance failure: learning from the Volvo-Renault break-up. International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, 6(1/2), 86-110
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Determinants of the international strategic alliance process and alliance failure: learning from the Volvo-Renault break-up
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, ISSN 1756-6444, E-ISSN 1756-6452, Vol. 6, nr 1/2, s. 86-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While the scholarly focus has shifted from strategic alliance formation to alliance performance and thus alliance outcome, the process that leads to a particular outcome: alliance success or alliance failure remains indeterminate. Given their high failure rate, this study aims to identify factors that contribute to an alliance failure to better understand the strategic alliance management process to help alliances survive. Purposefully, the Volvo-Renault alliance break-up is investigated. A Process Model for International Strategic Alliance Lifecycle is developed. The findings establish that post-formation, the strategic alliance process necessitates managing interactions among: partners’ objectives; partners’ resource contribution; access to partner’s network; and alliance performance. However, for an alliance to sustain, learning and assessment must be an integral part. Learning and assessment are critical strategic inputs that serve as ‘binding forces’, and as an ‘alert mechanism’ whereby timely corrective managerial actions are triggered in favor of an alliance sustainability and vice versa.

Nyckelord
strategic alliance formation, life cycle, management process
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14968 (URN)10.1504/IJSBA.2017.10009842 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-19 Skapad: 2018-03-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Osarenkhoe, A., Fjellström, D., Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Awuah, G. B. (2017). Network Perspective on Establishement Process in Transition Economies. In: Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos (Ed.), Global and national business theories and practice: bridging the past with the future. Paper presented at 10th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 13 - 15, 2017, Rome, Italy (pp. 1235-1257). EuroMed Press
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Network Perspective on Establishement Process in Transition Economies
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global and national business theories and practice: bridging the past with the future / [ed] Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos, EuroMed Press , 2017, s. 1235-1257Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper contributes to extant literature on market entry strategies in several ways. First, while previous literature focuses either on entry modes or entry timing, comparatively little efforts are made to illuminate the establishment process. Secondly, it addresses emanating impediments and development of supporting relationships with significant actors during the processes of establishment in transition economies. Establishment model, developed from network approach, facilitated the capturing of various supporting relationships that enabled the focal relationships to function properly during the establishment processes in less-structured markets. In-depth interviews were held with key informants in two Scandinavian firms. Findings show that Statoil´s ability to leverage a number of significant actors in its network for support during its establishment in Estonia makes the process less cumbersome and less resource consuming. Lack of home and host country support for Scania resulted in an arduous and costly process, with the firm’s position changing several times as different problems cropped up. In conclusion, relationship orientation requires adaptation by an organization, but more critically by its managers. Lack of cross-cultural relationship skills and orientation could impede a company’s growth in international markets. We call for more research efforts in the area of cultural dimensions of market establishment processes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
EuroMed Press, 2017
Serie
EuroMed Research Business Institute, ISSN 2547 - 8516
Nyckelord
relationships, networks, establishment processes, actors, resource exchanges, transition economies
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14970 (URN)000427297600094 ()978-9963-711-56-7 (ISBN)
Konferens
10th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 13 - 15, 2017, Rome, Italy
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-19 Skapad: 2018-03-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha Gebrekidan, D., Hyder, S. A. & Fjellström, D. (2017). The Journey of Strategic Alliances. In: Lucia Piscitello, Stefano Elia (Ed.), Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the EuropeanInternational Business Academy: . Paper presented at EIBA Milan 2017 (pp. 54).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Journey of Strategic Alliances
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the EuropeanInternational Business Academy / [ed] Lucia Piscitello, Stefano Elia, 2017, s. 54-Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to highlight the journey to and from strategic alliances and if alliances lead to the creation of new Alliances, how existing networks are managed and strengthened and to identify the factors which impact and determine the journey to and from strategic alliances. One of the findings of this chapter is that, in the pre-strategic alliance phase firms can have direct and indirect relationships which can lead to the formation of strategic alliances under certain circumstances, whereas in just the opposite circumstances those relationships might not lead to alliances formation. The other finding is that one of the main factors which determines the journey of strategic alliances is the degree of internationalization of the firm and the market. It is also found out that the journey of alliances can be different in the different groups of Central Europe countries depending on the pace or degree of adaptation of those countries, i.e. whether they are fast-, or medium or slow adapting countries.

Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14971 (URN)978 88 6493 042 8 (ISBN)
Konferens
EIBA Milan 2017
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-19 Skapad: 2018-03-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Iddris, F., Baffour Awuah, G. & Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2016). Achieving supply chain agility through innovation capability building. International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience, 2(2), 114-143
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Achieving supply chain agility through innovation capability building
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience, ISSN 2052-8698, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 114-143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
InderScience Publishers, 2016
Nyckelord
supply chain agility, learning, innovation capability, collaboration, cloud computing, trust, agile supply chains, resource-based view, RBV, customer service, new product introduction, NPI, product customisation, international delivery capacity
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11773 (URN)10.1504/IJSCOR.2016.078181 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-21 Skapad: 2015-12-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2016). Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence: Insights from International Firms in Four Countries. In: Dana-Nicoleta Lascu (Ed.), Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era: . Paper presented at Academy for Global Business Advancement (AGBA), 13th Annual World Congress, "Business and Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era”, November 26-28, 2016, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta (SOLO), Central Java, Indonesia (pp. 1-13). , 13
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence: Insights from International Firms in Four Countries
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era / [ed] Dana-Nicoleta Lascu, 2016, Vol. 13, s. 1-13Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Firms increasingly have to compete globally in order to survive. An understanding of the host country’s local culture arguably being one of the most important aspects of this survival. The greater the cultural difference, the higher the risk of miscommunication and of mismanagement. Given that cross-cultural management is acknowledged as an intrinsic part of firm establishment in foreign markets today, we set out to explore the linkages between the competence of international firms in managing cultural differences and the effectiveness of their business operations. How this ‘cross-cultural competence’ is acquired is of particular interest to this study. Swedish firms operating in Kenya, Lithuania, Poland and Russia are examined. The findings show that international firms tend not to formulate any preparatory measures to become ‘culturally competent’ prior to entering foreign markets. Learning takes place by doing. A Process Model of Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence in Foreign Markets is constructed.

Serie
Advances in Global Business Research, ISSN 1549-9332 ; 1
Nyckelord
Internationalization, Kenya, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Cross-Cultural Competence Process, National Culture, Cross-Cultural Management, Globalization
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13192 (URN)
Konferens
Academy for Global Business Advancement (AGBA), 13th Annual World Congress, "Business and Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era”, November 26-28, 2016, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta (SOLO), Central Java, Indonesia
Projekt
Cultural Differences and their Impact on International Marketing Practices
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-06 Skapad: 2016-12-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2016). The Destructive Impact of the Psychopathic and Narcissistic Leadership on the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation Building. In: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: May 2016, IAABD Annual Conference Proceedings. Paper presented at 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016 (pp. 51).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Destructive Impact of the Psychopathic and Narcissistic Leadership on the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation Building
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: May 2016, IAABD Annual Conference Proceedings, 2016, s. 51-Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Abstract: This article examines the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation building in Eritrea in light of the diplomatic vision adopted in 1994 by the so called the Peoples Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Both secondary and primary data are used to write this article. The primary data is collected through telephone interviews, personal interviews, skype-interviews and focus-group discussions with some veteran liberation fighters, former government officials, diplomats and some Eritreans who were holding key positions in the government and who have experience and knowledge as to how the narcissists and psychopaths deal with the neighboring countries and regional as well as international cooperation and relationships. The main findings show that the leadership has committed a diplomatic, moral and ethical blunder scoring one of its main failures in the diplomatic dimension of nation building. This is due to the fact that it has applied a militarist and one man owned, designed, decided and mismanaged diplomatic relationships which is not at all co-operative, although it claims that it applies a healthy neighborly, regional and international cooperation and relationships as stipulated in the diplomatic vision. Moreover, the dysfunctional militarist and one man owned, designed, decided and miss managed relationships and diplomatic approach is not properly planned and it is poorly coordinated and terribly mismanaged. This reality has a serious negative consequence on the diplomatic, economic, social, cultural, organizational and political conditions of the country. The other finding of this study is that the reason why the failed, i.e. narcissistic and psychopathic leadership applies a militarist and one man owned diplomatic relationships model is because it clearly understands that to maintain and strengthen its political, economic, cultural, organizational and social power i.e. power of all aspects it has to have a full control of all the diplomatic, economic, financial and human resources in the country. The reason why the psychopaths spear headed by the self-appointed destructive dictator do not implement the diplomatic vision is because like all the other visions envisaged in the 1994 charter, the diplomatic vision was not designed to be implemented but to help the dictator to get enough time to create the conditions necessary to implement the hidden vision which the Eritrean people couldn’t yet design appropriate strategies to fight it adequately and to dismantle its power apparatus. The last reason for the failure of the diplomatic dimension of nation building is the lack of a competent and authentic leadership that possesses the qualities of an effective, legacy building and developmental leadership.

Nyckelord
Nation building, Diplomacy, Leadership, PFDJ Charter, Eritrea
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13190 (URN)978-0-620-70935-4 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016
Projekt
Nation Building Research Project
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-06 Skapad: 2016-12-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Abraha, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2016). The Process of Firm Establishment In International Markets: A European Telecommunications Operator in Latin America. In: Anita Spring & Pantaleo Rwelamila (Ed.), 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development. Paper presented at 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016 (pp. 376-390).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Process of Firm Establishment In International Markets: A European Telecommunications Operator in Latin America
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development / [ed] Anita Spring & Pantaleo Rwelamila, 2016, s. 376-390Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Our understanding of the process of firm establishment of foregin firms within the developing and emerging countries remains limited, while the market-specific context-driven nature of the firm establishment process has been largely overlooked in the literature. We aim to address these omissions and explore the establishment process of a Spanish multinational telecommunication firm, Telefónica, in Brazil and Chile applying the "Four Stages Firm Establishment Process Model" by Abraha (1994). We identify strategic responses crafted by Telefónica to overcome competitive challenges during its establishment process. We revise Abraha's model in view of the findings and conclude with implications for managerial practices and future research.

Nyckelord
Internationalization, Firm Establishment, Telefonica, Brazil, Chile
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13191 (URN)978-0-620-70935-4 (ISBN)
Konferens
17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016
Projekt
Establishment Processes in the International Market
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-06 Skapad: 2016-12-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Deraz, H., Baffour Awuah, G. & Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2015). Assessing the Value of Social Network Sites' Advertisements. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on E-Technologies and Business on the Web, Paris, France 2015: . Paper presented at Third International Conference on E-Technologies and Business on the Web, Paris, France, March 26-28 2015 (pp. 89-101).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessing the Value of Social Network Sites' Advertisements
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on E-Technologies and Business on the Web, Paris, France 2015, 2015, s. 89-101Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10857 (URN)978-1-941968-08-6 (ISBN)
Konferens
Third International Conference on E-Technologies and Business on the Web, Paris, France, March 26-28 2015
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-23 Skapad: 2015-04-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
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