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Boers, B. & Nordqvist, M. (2020). Family businesses as hybrid organisations. In: David Billis, Colin Rochester (Ed.), Handbook on Hybrid Organisations: (pp. 507-521). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Family businesses as hybrid organisations
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Handbook on Hybrid Organisations / [ed] David Billis, Colin Rochester, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020, s. 507-521Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this chapter is to deepen our understanding of the nature of family businesses by analysing them as hybrid organisations. We define family businesses as businesses where one or several families own the controlling majority of the shares and are actively involved in the business (Chrisman et al., 2005; Chua et al., 1999). The focus of the chapter is on the theoretical notion of family businesses as hybrid organisations, and it draws on case research based on two publicly listed family firms. Publicly listed family firms are common around the world (La Porta et al., 1999) and they illustrate explicitly the hybrid character of family businesses by combining the logic of family ownership with the expectation of delivering shareholder value (Boers and Nordqvist, 2012). We argue that hybridity is especially apparent in publicly listed family businesses, where it arises from different underlying institutional logics related to the family and the market and the private and the public. The hybrid nature of this kind of business has an impact on their decision-making, their control and/or their governance more generally. To analyse the two cases, we draw on literature on hybrid organisations, governance and family firms. The study of hybrid organisations has gained momentum in recent years (see, e.g., Battilana and Dorado, 2010; Battilana and Lee, 2014; Billis, 2010; Pache and Santos, 2013; and also this Handbook). The current focus seems to be on social enterprises as typical examples of hybrid organisations (Battilana and Lee, 2014; Doherty et al., 2014). Yet this phenomenon is not exclusive to social enterprises or the third sector: it is equally relevant for some public sector and for-profit organisations. The most common type of business is the family business (Dyer, 2003), which also represents a hybrid organisation, with the two domains of family and business constituting the source of hybridity. Family businesses have been portrayed as hybrid organisations in previous literature (e.g., Arregle et al., 2007; Boers and Nordqvist, 2012; Ljungkvist and Boers, 2017), but the concept of hybridity has not gained as much research attention as it deserves. The purpose of this chapter is to address this limitation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18263 (URN)10.4337/9781785366116.00039 (DOI)978-1-78536-610-9 (ISBN)978-1-78536-611-6 (ISBN)
Anmärkning

Collection: Social and Political Science 2020 [Elgaronline]

Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-27 Skapad: 2020-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Boers, B. (2019). 100 years and older: responsible ownership in long-lived family firms. In: : . Paper presented at 4th International Family Business Research Forum (IFBRF), April 3-5, 2019, International University of Monaco (IUM), Principality of Monaco.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>100 years and older: responsible ownership in long-lived family firms
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to explore the implications of responsible ownership in long-lived family firms. Theoretically, the paper draws on responsible ownership. Responsible ownership is suggested as an alternative conceptualization of social responsible behavior in family firms. Empirically, the study draws on in depth case studies from Germany and Sweden. The study focuses on responsible ownership behavior towards two key stakeholders, i.e. employees and the home community. Thereby the study contributes to further the understanding of responsible ownership of family firms.

Nyckelord
family firms, responsible ownership
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16856 (URN)
Konferens
4th International Family Business Research Forum (IFBRF), April 3-5, 2019, International University of Monaco (IUM), Principality of Monaco
Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-26 Skapad: 2019-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Boers, B. & Ljungkvist, T. (2019). A founder's heritage: the development of organizational identity. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 31(1), 73-95
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A founder's heritage: the development of organizational identity
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 73-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to understand how a former family firm strategically makes use of the founder's legacy to preserve its organizational identity. Following a single case study approach, it draws on rich empirical material from semi-structured interviews and extensive archival data. We show how central organizational activities are affected by a founder's heritage long after the formal exit has taken place, illustrating the central, enduring, and distinctive elements of organizational identity a founder has. Regardless of ownership forms, the family company founder's legacy is used to legitimize new owners and maintain the organization's identity. However, centripetal moves complicate the preservation of the organizational identity, whereas a high focus on value leveraging in another ownership form opens up for centrifugal approaches which strengthen the entrepreneurial dimension of organizational identity.

Abstract [fr]

L'objectif de cet article est de contribuer à l’élargissement des connaissances sur la manière dont une ancienne entreprise familiale utilize stratégiquement l'héritage du fondateur pour préserver son identité organisationnelle. En analysant une étude de cas, il utilize une riche matière empirique issue d'entretiens semi-structurés et d'un grand nombre de données d'archives. Nous montrons comment des activités organisationnelles centrales sont influencées par l'héritage du fondateur, longtemps après le départ formel de celui-ci, et ainsi, soulignons les caractéristiques centrales, persistantes et particulières de l'identité organisationnelle que possède le fondateur d'une entreprise familiale. Indépendamment des différents types de possession, l'héritage du fondateur d'une entreprise familiale est utilisé pour légitimer les nouveaux propriétaires et conserver l'identité de l'organisation. Cependant, les mouvements centripètes compliquent la conservation de l'identité organisationnelle, bien qu'un focus important sur la valeur, mettant à profit une autre forme de propriété, s'ouvre à des approches centrifuges qui renforcent la dimension entrepreneuriale de l'identité organisationnelle.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Routledge, 2019
Nyckelord
entrepreneurial founder heritage, organizational identity, case study, Sweden, héritage entrepreneurial du fondateur, identité organisationnelle, étude de cas, Suède
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15144 (URN)10.1080/08276331.2018.1466849 (DOI)2-s2.0-85052052476 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-11 Skapad: 2018-05-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Henschel, T. & Boers, B. (2019). A necessary evil or useful tool?: Crisis management in family firms. In: : . Paper presented at 64th Annual International Council for Small Business World Congress. The Future of Entrepreneurship. ICSB 2019. Cairo, Egypt, June 18-20, 2019.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A necessary evil or useful tool?: Crisis management in family firms
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to explore and understand how family firms manage a crisis by applying a processual perspective.  Our objective is to find out how crisis management is approached by family firms in Sweden, Scotland, and Germany. Further, we aim to examine the role of the owning family in creating and solving a crisis in family firms. Finally, we will provide recommendations on how family firms can improve their crisis management practices.

Nyckelord
Crisis management, family firms, case studies, Sweden, Scotland, Germany
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17316 (URN)
Konferens
64th Annual International Council for Small Business World Congress. The Future of Entrepreneurship. ICSB 2019. Cairo, Egypt, June 18-20, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-27 Skapad: 2019-06-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Ljungkvist, T. & Boers, B. (2019). A theory of venture capital family business (VCFB): professionalization trajectories. In: : . Paper presented at 15th EASIM Workshop on Family Firm Management Research, Family Entrepreneurship and Society, Nantes, France, May 23-25, 2019.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A theory of venture capital family business (VCFB): professionalization trajectories
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Venture capital as well as family firms are very heterogeneous populations of firms. Extant literature has studied the interaction and connection between the groups of firms. However, only recently, researcher began to look at those firms which are part of both group at the same. Firms which are labeled venture capital family businesses (VCFB) (Ljungkvist & Boers, 2017). Recent research suggests that the interaction of family firms and VC firms can be distinguished into three separate phases (Schickinger, et al., 2018). Based on these phases, the paper develops propositions on how VCFB firms develop their professionalization trajectories in these phases. Thus, the presented propositions highlight how the family owners’ actions and behavior are related to professionalism and how it influences the three phases of investing.

Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17036 (URN)
Konferens
15th EASIM Workshop on Family Firm Management Research, Family Entrepreneurship and Society, Nantes, France, May 23-25, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-12 Skapad: 2019-06-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Boers, B. & Henschel, T. (2019). Being Entrepreneurial in a Crisis?: The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Crisis Management of Family Firms. In: René Maurer, Sophia Braun (Ed.), Embracing uncertainty: Entrepreneurship as a key capability for the 21st century. Paper presented at RENT XXXIII, the Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Conference, Berlin, November 28-29, 2019.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Being Entrepreneurial in a Crisis?: The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Crisis Management of Family Firms
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Embracing uncertainty: Entrepreneurship as a key capability for the 21st century / [ed] René Maurer, Sophia Braun, 2019Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17930 (URN)
Konferens
RENT XXXIII, the Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Conference, Berlin, November 28-29, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-27 Skapad: 2019-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Ljungkvist, T., Boers, B., Andersén, J. & Nordqvist, M. (2019). Rapid growth of founder-led companies: the role of resource orchestration. In: : . Paper presented at International Academy of Business and Economics (IABE)-2019, Los Angeles, June 14-16, 2019.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rapid growth of founder-led companies: the role of resource orchestration
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Muntlig presentation med publicerat abstract (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of resource orchestration in rapidly growing founder-led companies.  

Design/methodology/approach – Based on a comparative case study of founder-led companies, the resource orchestration in a founder-led family firm is compared with a founder-led one. To comprehend the complexity of resource orchestration, a large amount of archival data and interviews are used. By using data derived from a period of ten years, the present study has a longitudinal approach.

Findings – By uncovering the resource management process, the findings indicate a difference in focus between the founder-led family firm and the founder-led firm. The resource orchestration in the family firm focuses to a greater extent on the early stages of the resource management process, i.e. the recruitment of new staff, the incorporation and the control of “right” values and norms. On the other hand, the founder-led business puts a higher focus on performance metrics and the documented coordination of teams and customers. However, both companies rely largely on self-organizing teams. By revealing the management role in a dynamic industry, the present study criticizes and extends general findings of the resource orchestration literature. Moreover, it contributes to the organizational culture and firm growth entrepreneurship literature.      

Practical implications – The study shows how founder-based companies can grow successfully in a dynamic environment. Furthermore, it reveals how software companies’ resources can be managed and bundled in a successful manner.

Originality/value – the present study conveys fine-grained insights in complex management processes operating in a dynamic environment.

Nyckelord
resource orchestration, growth, medium-sized companies, case study, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17428 (URN)
Konferens
International Academy of Business and Economics (IABE)-2019, Los Angeles, June 14-16, 2019
Tillgänglig från: 2019-07-10 Skapad: 2019-07-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-06-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Boers, B. (2019). The codetermined family business: a paradox?: Comparing cases from Sweden and Germany. In: : . Paper presented at "Paternalistic Work Regimes. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives" Seminar at the IUC Dubrovnik (April 8-9, 2019).
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The codetermined family business: a paradox?: Comparing cases from Sweden and Germany
2019 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this comparative case study is to understand codetermination in two family firms. Empirically, this study draws on an interpretive case study of two family businesses. Its findings extends earlier research, by exploring and introducing the phenomenon of codetermination in the family business literature. Theoretically, the study draws on the control-collaboration paradox which helps understanding the phenomenon of codetermination. Findings highlight the need for professional governance structures in order to facilitate cooperation between family owners, the management, and employee representatives.

Nyckelord
Codetermination, paternalism, comparative case study, family firms, Germany, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16857 (URN)
Konferens
"Paternalistic Work Regimes. Historical and Contemporary Perspectives" Seminar at the IUC Dubrovnik (April 8-9, 2019)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-26 Skapad: 2019-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-21Bibliografiskt granskad
Ljungkvist, T. & Boers, B. (2019). The founder’s psychological ownership and its strategic implications. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The founder’s psychological ownership and its strategic implications
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the change of the founder’s psychological ownershipwhen s/he sells the business and its implications for the organization’s strategy.Design/methodology/approach – The study contributes with a longitudinal study of psychologicalownership, accounting for its development over time in a Swedish e-commerce company. By applying a casestudy methodology, conclusions are drawn from a vast amount of archival data and interviews. The empiricalmaterial covers the transition from a founder-run, family-owned to a first foreign-owned, and currentlyprivate-equity owned company.Findings – Theoretically, it extends understandings of psychological ownership and its strategicimplications by including former legal owners; that is, how psychological ownership changes after legalownership ceases. Thereby, it develops the individual dimension (founder and former owner) of psychologicalownership as well as its collective dimension (employees toward founder). The paper contributes to thepsychological ownership founder and exit-literatures by highlighting continuity after the formal sale of legalownership and its consequences for the organization.Practical implications – It finds that new legal owners can use this heritage to signal continuity andlaunch strategic changes by transforming it into artifacts.Originality/value – This study extends the understanding of development of psychological ownership offounders from foundation to exit and its consequences for the organization’s strategy. This extension shedsnew light on founders as artifacts of organizations and thereby their role for the organizational heritage.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Nyckelord
Case study, Strategy, Sweden, Psychological ownership, Founder heritage
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekonomi och näringsliv
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18000 (URN)10.1108/JSBED-12-2018-0386 (DOI)000501327300001 ()2-s2.0-85076559995 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-10 Skapad: 2019-12-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ljungkvist, T., Boers, B. & Samuelsson, J. (2019). Three stages of Entrepreneurial Orientation: The Founder’s role. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 26(2), 285-306
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Three stages of Entrepreneurial Orientation: The Founder’s role
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 285-306Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the development of the five dimensions ofentrepreneurial orientation (EO) over time by taking a founder’s perspective.Design/methodology/approach – The paper draws on an in-depth single-case study. It combinessemi-structured interviews in the company with archival data, such as annual reports, press clips andinterviews in business magazines.Findings – The results indicate that the EO dimensions change from being personalized and directlysolution-oriented to being intangible value-creation-oriented.Originality/value – By suggesting ownership-based EO configurations, this study contributes insights intohow different ownership forms propel EO. These configurations – that is, personal, administrative based andintangible focused – show the impact of the EO dimensions and provide a systematic and theoreticalunderstanding of EO change over time.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Nyckelord
Venture capital, Entrepreneurial orientation, Family firms, Ownership
Nationell ämneskategori
Företagsekonomi
Forskningsämne
Strategiskt entreprenörskap (StrEnt)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17880 (URN)10.1108/IJEBR-10-2018-0630 (DOI)000510880000006 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-13 Skapad: 2019-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4776-0085

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