his.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Bäckstrand, Gunnar
Publikasjoner (10 av 24) Visa alla publikasjoner
Bergman, C., Högberg, D., Bäckstrand, G. & Moestam, L. (2014). A Library Based Tool to Assist the Generative Activity in Workstation Design. In: Francisco Rebelo and Marcelo Soares (Ed.), Advances in Ergonomics in Design, Usability & Special Populations: Part II. Paper presented at 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE2014), Krakow, Poland, 19-23 July 2014 (pp. 206-214). AHFE Conference
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Library Based Tool to Assist the Generative Activity in Workstation Design
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advances in Ergonomics in Design, Usability & Special Populations: Part II / [ed] Francisco Rebelo and Marcelo Soares, AHFE Conference , 2014, s. 206-214Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
AHFE Conference, 2014
Emneord
Library based design, Decision support, Ergonomics, Workstation, Proactive approach
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik; Användarcentrerad produktdesign
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10038 (URN)978-1-4951-2107-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE2014), Krakow, Poland, 19-23 July 2014
Prosjekter
Lean & Green Production Navigator
Forskningsfinansiär
VINNOVA
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-10-01 Laget: 2014-10-01 Sist oppdatert: 2018-11-15bibliografisk kontrollert
Bergman, C., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Moestam, L. (2013). A tool to assist and evalute workstation design. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A tool to assist and evalute workstation design
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

It can be argued that it is common that industrial workstations are “built” rather than purposefully designed with user and task requirements in mind. Afterwards, built-in problems typically need to be corrected, causing undesired costs and efforts. With the objective to assist workstation designers in avoiding most problems already in the design phase, a design support tool is being developed. The paper argues the need for such a tool and presents the fundamental tool functionality. Expected advantages are more efficient and ergonomic workstations and a more efficient design process with built-in learning and documentation.

Emneord
Production, Ergonomics, Lean, Workstation, Design
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8586 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-10-28 Laget: 2013-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P. & Nylén, U. (2013). Flexibel montering möter industrins utmaningar. Teknik och tillväxt (3), 5
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Flexibel montering möter industrins utmaningar
2013 (svensk)Inngår i: Teknik och tillväxt, nr 3, s. 5-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Swerea IVF, 2013
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8538 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-10-17 Laget: 2013-10-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Harlin, U., Gullander, P., Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P. & Moestam, L. (2013). Flexible balancing of assembly systems and its impact on performance and human factors – a scenario-based analysis. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Flexible balancing of assembly systems and its impact on performance and human factors – a scenario-based analysis
Vise andre…
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Increased production complexity challenges traditional methods for planning  and  preparation  of  assembly.  This  paper  addresses alternative approaches for assembly line balancing and an assembly plant  area  was  studied  in  a  cross-disciplinary  scenario-based analysis. Results show that the complexity in products, operations, flow, and organisation increases setting new demands on developing line balancing methods, including meeting the requirements and understanding the impact, e.g. competences, organization, support functions. Further research is suggested for increase knowledge of what impact different line balancing concepts has on performance, human work and working conditions as well as development of strategies and guiding principles for dynamic planning.

Emneord
Ergonomics, production planning, flexibility, operations, system view
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8590 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-10-29 Laget: 2013-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Bäckstrand, G., Bergman, C., Högberg, D. & Moestam, L. (2013). Lean and its impact on workplace design. In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013: . Paper presented at NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Lean and its impact on workplace design
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Lean analyses and following corrections of workstations are typically performed reactively, i.e. solving problems that already exist. However, there are benefits of enhanced proactivity related to the consideration of lean and human factors, as this would reduce the need for updating workstations. The approach presented here utilises a company specific, reactive lean evaluation methodology, but applied proactively, in the workstation design phase. Results gave that many assessment items in fact can be proactively addressed. This way, ergonomic and lean workstations that support quality, performance and wellbeing for a diversity of workers, can be built right the first time.

Emneord
Production, Ergonomics, Lean, Workstation, Design
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-8587 (URN)978-9979-72-397-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Reykjavík, Iceland, August 11-14th 2013
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-10-29 Laget: 2013-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Bäckstrand, G. (2012). Intuitiv montering. Teknik och tillväxt (2), 24-24
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Intuitiv montering
2012 (svensk)Inngår i: Teknik och tillväxt, nr 2, s. 24-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm)) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Swerea IVF, 2012
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6436 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-10-11 Laget: 2012-10-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Brolin, A., Bäckstrand, G., Thorvald, P., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2012). Kitting as an information source in manual assembly. In: Stefan Trzcieliński & Waldemar Karwowski (Ed.), Advances in Ergonomics in Manufacturing: (pp. 346-353). CRC Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Kitting as an information source in manual assembly
Vise andre…
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advances in Ergonomics in Manufacturing / [ed] Stefan Trzcieliński & Waldemar Karwowski, CRC Press, 2012, s. 346-353Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In manual assembly, a strategy to meet the goal of efficient production is the increased use of kitting as a material supply principle. Even though kitting is already implemented in industry, there are still uncertainties regarding the effects of introducing kits, particularly from a human factors perspective.

This paper presents initial steps in the development of a method to be used for the evaluation of kitting. This from an information source point of view and for studying effects related to productivity and quality. The methodology is projected to act as a foundation for how to carry out a subsequent comprehensive case study. The purpose of the case study is to explore how kitting affects the cognitive workload compared to the ordinary material rack combined with part numbers used in the current manufacturing industry. This is done by measuring productivity; time spent on assembling a product, and quality; number of assembly errors. One step in the methodology development process, which is described in this paper, was to conduct a pilot study, primarily to test the methodology related to the selection of measurement parameters, as well as for getting experiences from running the methodology with real test subjects.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
CRC Press, 2012
Emneord
manual assembly, kitting, cognitive ergonomics, information use
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6433 (URN)2-s2.0-85014838245 (Scopus ID)978-1-4398-7039-6 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-10-11 Laget: 2012-10-03 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Thorvald, P., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2012). Syntax and Sequencing of Assembly Instructions. In: Francesco Rebelo & Marcelo M. Soares (Ed.), Advances in Usability Evaluation: Part II (pp. 266-275). CRC Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Syntax and Sequencing of Assembly Instructions
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advances in Usability Evaluation: Part II / [ed] Francesco Rebelo & Marcelo M. Soares, CRC Press, 2012, s. 266-275Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Minimalism of design is a concept often found in Human-computer interaction (HCI). It is a concept that emphasizes the presentation of as little information as possible to reduce the perceptual strain and visual search of the subject. However, in a manufacturing context, such as in manual assembly, state of the art information presentation is rarely minimalistic. Rather, organizations tend to push out as much information as possible without necessarily concerning themselves with how this information is presented to, or perceived by, the worker. This leads to a situation that is far from ideal from an HCI perspective, likely to reduce human performance and wellbeing, in turn negatively affecting overall production system performance. Obviously, there are several potential ways of addressing this issue. Perhaps the most evident way is to simply reduce the amount of information that is presented and only present the essentials. This paper will investigate and discuss how information presentation can be minimized without reducing the information content through information syntax and layout.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
CRC Press, 2012
Serie
Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6434 (URN)2-s2.0-85014808869 (Scopus ID)978-1-4665-6054-3 (ISBN)978-1-4665-6055-0 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-10-11 Laget: 2012-10-03 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Brolin, A., Bäckstrand, G., Högberg, D. & Case, K. (2011). Inadequate presented information and its effect on the cognitive workload. In: Geraghty, J & Young, P (Ed.), Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28). Paper presented at Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland (pp. 121-129).
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Inadequate presented information and its effect on the cognitive workload
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28) / [ed] Geraghty, J & Young, P, 2011, s. 121-129Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7086 (URN)
Konferanse
Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-01-30 Laget: 2013-01-30 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27
Harlin, U., Bäckstrand, G., Fässberg, T., Brolin, A. & Gullander, P. (2011). Production complexity and its impact on manning. In: J. Geraghty, P. Young (Ed.), Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28). Paper presented at Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 30th August - 1st September 2011.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Production complexity and its impact on manning
Vise andre…
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Manufacturing Sustainability: Proceedings of the 28th International Manufacturing Conference (IMC 28) / [ed] J. Geraghty, P. Young, 2011Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Emneord
production system, man-hour planning, management
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-7087 (URN)
Konferanse
Twenty-eighth International Manufacturing Conference, IMC 28, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland, 30th August - 1st September 2011
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-01-30 Laget: 2013-01-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner