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Reardon, J., McCorkle, D., Radon, A. & Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2019). A global consumer decision model of intellectual property theft. Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, 13(4), 509-528
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A global consumer decision model of intellectual property theft
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, ISSN 2040-7122, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 509-528Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Intellectual property theft amounts to billions of dollars per year worldwide. The first step in stemming this loss is to understand the underlying precursors of this behavior. This paper aims to propose and test a model of consumer choice to purchase or pirate intellectual property, specifically music. This paper combines and applies the theory of reasoned action (TRA) and Becker’s theory of crime to develop a more comprehensive model of digital piracy behavior. Culture was tested as an antecedent to the attitudes and the perceptions of risk associated with music piracy. Design/methodology/approach: A survey of 4,618 participants was conducted across 23 countries. Construct measures were validated using confirmatory factor analysis in LISREL. A conceptual model was tested using logistic structural equation modeling in MPlus. Respondents were asked about the last music they acquired to test a behavioral model of music piracy. Findings: The results indicated that culture, specifically rule orientation and uncertainty avoidance, had a significant impact on attitudes toward the music industry, ethical perceptions of music piracy and risk perceptions. Respondents’ ethical perceptions of downloading had the highest impact on music piracy behavior. The personal/copy risk associated with the illegal downloading of music had a significant impact while the relative channel risk did not. The market value, quality and selection also had a significant impact on downloading behavior, as did the respondent's ability to find and download music. Research limitations/implications: While this paper was limited by focusing on the illegal downloading of music, the results can provide guidance in the design of future research concerning the piracy and unlicensed downloading of other types of intellectual properties such as movies/videos, TV, paywall content and e-books. Practical implications: In recent years, improved access to music and video through online streaming and online stores has significantly decreased music piracy. This research indicated that further inroads into this behavior could be made through better online purchase access and through consumer education about the ethics and results of digital downloading. Further, efforts are more efficient by targeting cultures with lower levels of rule orientation with ethics education and targeted risk messages in countries with higher uncertainty avoidance. Social implications: Yearly losses to the music industry amount to about $5-29bn. Many find music and video downloading and “sharing” as acceptable. The model developed in this research has implications to affect this mass loss of revenue to the music industry and perhaps the societal view of downloading behavior that is illegal but commonly accepted. Originality/value: This model is the first to integrate cultural aspects into models of digital piracy. In addition, the model is developed from a strong theoretical base (TRA and Becker’s theory of crime) to integrate multiple antecedents to intellectual property theft research. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Emneord
Cross-cultural, Ethics, Intellectual property, Music industry, SEM
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17905 (URN)10.1108/JRIM-07-2018-0093 (DOI)000496279400005 ()2-s2.0-85074909062 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-21 Laget: 2019-11-21 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-03bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha Gebrekidan, D., Le Hieu, H. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2019). How Developed-Country Firms Make Standardization/Transfer and Adaptations Decisions in Relation to their Developing-Host-Country Operations?. Journal of East-West Business, 25(2), 107-143
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>How Developed-Country Firms Make Standardization/Transfer and Adaptations Decisions in Relation to their Developing-Host-Country Operations?
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of East-West Business, ISSN 1066-9868, E-ISSN 1528-6959, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 107-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Factors influencing firms’ standardization and adaptations decisions tend to be treated as static isolated entities in the extant literature. Further, the focus is predominantly on Western MNCs and product development or marketing functions with manufacturing firms and the emerging/developing country perspective underrepresented. We explore factors, as well as their interrelations that determine standardization and adaptations decisions when a developed country manufacturing firm establishes operations in a developing country. Purposefully, Italian manufacturing firms with operations in Vietnam are examined. We identify functions, processes, and practices that are standardized/transferred and those that are adapted. A theoretical model is developed based on the findings.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2019
Emneord
Decision-making, headquarters-subsidiary coordination, internationalization, Italy, production process technology, Vietnam
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16998 (URN)10.1080/10669868.2018.1524403 (DOI)000470140700001 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-10 Laget: 2019-06-10 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2018). A model for understanding the process of firm establishment in foreign loosely-structured emerging markets. Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 11(4), 327-342
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A model for understanding the process of firm establishment in foreign loosely-structured emerging markets
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, ISSN 1549-9324, E-ISSN 1747-6763, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 327-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Our understanding of the process of firm establishment in foreign markets is relatively limited especially in relation to host-developing and host-emerging markets. The market-specific and context-driven nature of the firm establishment process is largely overlooked in the literature. Against this background, we aim to chart the establishment process of a Spanish telecommunication firm, Telefonica, in Brazil and Chile by applying the 'four stage firm establishment process model in foreign markets' (Abraha, 1994). We identify strategic responses crafted by Telefonica to overcome the challenges during its establishment process. We revise Abraha's model in view of the findings and conclude with implications for managerial practices.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
InderScience Publishers, 2018
Emneord
internationalisation, firm establishment, Telefónica, Brazil, Chile, Spain, telecommunication, multinational, foreign market entry process.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16794 (URN)10.1504/JIBED.2018.098715 (DOI)000463058900003 ()2-s2.0-85063881845 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-18 Laget: 2019-04-18 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2017). Determinants of the international strategic alliance process and alliance failure: learning from the Volvo-Renault break-up. International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, 6(1/2), 86-110
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Determinants of the international strategic alliance process and alliance failure: learning from the Volvo-Renault break-up
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Strategic Business Alliances, ISSN 1756-6444, E-ISSN 1756-6452, Vol. 6, nr 1/2, s. 86-110Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

While the scholarly focus has shifted from strategic alliance formation to alliance performance and thus alliance outcome, the process that leads to a particular outcome: alliance success or alliance failure remains indeterminate. Given their high failure rate, this study aims to identify factors that contribute to an alliance failure to better understand the strategic alliance management process to help alliances survive. Purposefully, the Volvo-Renault alliance break-up is investigated. A Process Model for International Strategic Alliance Lifecycle is developed. The findings establish that post-formation, the strategic alliance process necessitates managing interactions among: partners’ objectives; partners’ resource contribution; access to partner’s network; and alliance performance. However, for an alliance to sustain, learning and assessment must be an integral part. Learning and assessment are critical strategic inputs that serve as ‘binding forces’, and as an ‘alert mechanism’ whereby timely corrective managerial actions are triggered in favor of an alliance sustainability and vice versa.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Inderscience Publishers, 2017
Emneord
strategic alliance formation, life cycle, management process
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14968 (URN)10.1504/IJSBA.2017.10009842 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-19 Laget: 2018-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-21bibliografisk kontrollert
Osarenkhoe, A., Fjellström, D., Abraha Gebrekidan, D. & Awuah, G. B. (2017). Network Perspective on Establishement Process in Transition Economies. In: Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos (Ed.), Global and national business theories and practice: bridging the past with the future. Paper presented at 10th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 13 - 15, 2017, Rome, Italy (pp. 1235-1257). EuroMed Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Network Perspective on Establishement Process in Transition Economies
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Global and national business theories and practice: bridging the past with the future / [ed] Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos, EuroMed Press , 2017, s. 1235-1257Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

This paper contributes to extant literature on market entry strategies in several ways. First, while previous literature focuses either on entry modes or entry timing, comparatively little efforts are made to illuminate the establishment process. Secondly, it addresses emanating impediments and development of supporting relationships with significant actors during the processes of establishment in transition economies. Establishment model, developed from network approach, facilitated the capturing of various supporting relationships that enabled the focal relationships to function properly during the establishment processes in less-structured markets. In-depth interviews were held with key informants in two Scandinavian firms. Findings show that Statoil´s ability to leverage a number of significant actors in its network for support during its establishment in Estonia makes the process less cumbersome and less resource consuming. Lack of home and host country support for Scania resulted in an arduous and costly process, with the firm’s position changing several times as different problems cropped up. In conclusion, relationship orientation requires adaptation by an organization, but more critically by its managers. Lack of cross-cultural relationship skills and orientation could impede a company’s growth in international markets. We call for more research efforts in the area of cultural dimensions of market establishment processes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
EuroMed Press, 2017
Serie
EuroMed Research Business Institute, ISSN 2547 - 8516
Emneord
relationships, networks, establishment processes, actors, resource exchanges, transition economies
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14970 (URN)000427297600094 ()978-9963-711-56-7 (ISBN)
Konferanse
10th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, September 13 - 15, 2017, Rome, Italy
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-19 Laget: 2018-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-25bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha Gebrekidan, D., Hyder, S. A. & Fjellström, D. (2017). The Journey of Strategic Alliances. In: Lucia Piscitello, Stefano Elia (Ed.), Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the EuropeanInternational Business Academy: . Paper presented at EIBA Milan 2017 (pp. 54).
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Journey of Strategic Alliances
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of the EuropeanInternational Business Academy / [ed] Lucia Piscitello, Stefano Elia, 2017, s. 54-Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this article is to highlight the journey to and from strategic alliances and if alliances lead to the creation of new Alliances, how existing networks are managed and strengthened and to identify the factors which impact and determine the journey to and from strategic alliances. One of the findings of this chapter is that, in the pre-strategic alliance phase firms can have direct and indirect relationships which can lead to the formation of strategic alliances under certain circumstances, whereas in just the opposite circumstances those relationships might not lead to alliances formation. The other finding is that one of the main factors which determines the journey of strategic alliances is the degree of internationalization of the firm and the market. It is also found out that the journey of alliances can be different in the different groups of Central Europe countries depending on the pace or degree of adaptation of those countries, i.e. whether they are fast-, or medium or slow adapting countries.

HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Knowledge and Innovation Management (KIM)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14971 (URN)978 88 6493 042 8 (ISBN)
Konferanse
EIBA Milan 2017
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-19 Laget: 2018-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Iddris, F., Baffour Awuah, G. & Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2016). Achieving supply chain agility through innovation capability building. International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience, 2(2), 114-143
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Achieving supply chain agility through innovation capability building
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Resilience, ISSN 2052-8698, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 114-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
InderScience Publishers, 2016
Emneord
supply chain agility, learning, innovation capability, collaboration, cloud computing, trust, agile supply chains, resource-based view, RBV, customer service, new product introduction, NPI, product customisation, international delivery capacity
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11773 (URN)10.1504/IJSCOR.2016.078181 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-21 Laget: 2015-12-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2016). Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence: Insights from International Firms in Four Countries. In: Dana-Nicoleta Lascu (Ed.), Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era: . Paper presented at Academy for Global Business Advancement (AGBA), 13th Annual World Congress, "Business and Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era”, November 26-28, 2016, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta (SOLO), Central Java, Indonesia (pp. 1-13). , 13
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence: Insights from International Firms in Four Countries
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era / [ed] Dana-Nicoleta Lascu, 2016, Vol. 13, s. 1-13Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Firms increasingly have to compete globally in order to survive. An understanding of the host country’s local culture arguably being one of the most important aspects of this survival. The greater the cultural difference, the higher the risk of miscommunication and of mismanagement. Given that cross-cultural management is acknowledged as an intrinsic part of firm establishment in foreign markets today, we set out to explore the linkages between the competence of international firms in managing cultural differences and the effectiveness of their business operations. How this ‘cross-cultural competence’ is acquired is of particular interest to this study. Swedish firms operating in Kenya, Lithuania, Poland and Russia are examined. The findings show that international firms tend not to formulate any preparatory measures to become ‘culturally competent’ prior to entering foreign markets. Learning takes place by doing. A Process Model of Acquiring Cross-Cultural Competence in Foreign Markets is constructed.

Serie
Advances in Global Business Research, ISSN 1549-9332 ; 1
Emneord
Internationalization, Kenya, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Cross-Cultural Competence Process, National Culture, Cross-Cultural Management, Globalization
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13192 (URN)
Konferanse
Academy for Global Business Advancement (AGBA), 13th Annual World Congress, "Business and Entrepreneurship Development in a Globalized Era”, November 26-28, 2016, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta (SOLO), Central Java, Indonesia
Prosjekter
Cultural Differences and their Impact on International Marketing Practices
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-06 Laget: 2016-12-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha Gebrekidan, D. (2016). The Destructive Impact of the Psychopathic and Narcissistic Leadership on the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation Building. In: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: May 2016, IAABD Annual Conference Proceedings. Paper presented at 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016 (pp. 51).
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Destructive Impact of the Psychopathic and Narcissistic Leadership on the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation Building
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: May 2016, IAABD Annual Conference Proceedings, 2016, s. 51-Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Abstract: This article examines the Diplomatic Dimension of Nation building in Eritrea in light of the diplomatic vision adopted in 1994 by the so called the Peoples Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Both secondary and primary data are used to write this article. The primary data is collected through telephone interviews, personal interviews, skype-interviews and focus-group discussions with some veteran liberation fighters, former government officials, diplomats and some Eritreans who were holding key positions in the government and who have experience and knowledge as to how the narcissists and psychopaths deal with the neighboring countries and regional as well as international cooperation and relationships. The main findings show that the leadership has committed a diplomatic, moral and ethical blunder scoring one of its main failures in the diplomatic dimension of nation building. This is due to the fact that it has applied a militarist and one man owned, designed, decided and mismanaged diplomatic relationships which is not at all co-operative, although it claims that it applies a healthy neighborly, regional and international cooperation and relationships as stipulated in the diplomatic vision. Moreover, the dysfunctional militarist and one man owned, designed, decided and miss managed relationships and diplomatic approach is not properly planned and it is poorly coordinated and terribly mismanaged. This reality has a serious negative consequence on the diplomatic, economic, social, cultural, organizational and political conditions of the country. The other finding of this study is that the reason why the failed, i.e. narcissistic and psychopathic leadership applies a militarist and one man owned diplomatic relationships model is because it clearly understands that to maintain and strengthen its political, economic, cultural, organizational and social power i.e. power of all aspects it has to have a full control of all the diplomatic, economic, financial and human resources in the country. The reason why the psychopaths spear headed by the self-appointed destructive dictator do not implement the diplomatic vision is because like all the other visions envisaged in the 1994 charter, the diplomatic vision was not designed to be implemented but to help the dictator to get enough time to create the conditions necessary to implement the hidden vision which the Eritrean people couldn’t yet design appropriate strategies to fight it adequately and to dismantle its power apparatus. The last reason for the failure of the diplomatic dimension of nation building is the lack of a competent and authentic leadership that possesses the qualities of an effective, legacy building and developmental leadership.

Emneord
Nation building, Diplomacy, Leadership, PFDJ Charter, Eritrea
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13190 (URN)978-0-620-70935-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016
Prosjekter
Nation Building Research Project
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-06 Laget: 2016-12-06 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Abraha, D. & Mukhtar, S.-M. (2016). The Process of Firm Establishment In International Markets: A European Telecommunications Operator in Latin America. In: Anita Spring & Pantaleo Rwelamila (Ed.), 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development. Paper presented at 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016 (pp. 376-390).
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Process of Firm Establishment In International Markets: A European Telecommunications Operator in Latin America
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: 17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference Proceedings: Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development / [ed] Anita Spring & Pantaleo Rwelamila, 2016, s. 376-390Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Our understanding of the process of firm establishment of foregin firms within the developing and emerging countries remains limited, while the market-specific context-driven nature of the firm establishment process has been largely overlooked in the literature. We aim to address these omissions and explore the establishment process of a Spanish multinational telecommunication firm, Telefónica, in Brazil and Chile applying the "Four Stages Firm Establishment Process Model" by Abraha (1994). We identify strategic responses crafted by Telefónica to overcome competitive challenges during its establishment process. We revise Abraha's model in view of the findings and conclude with implications for managerial practices and future research.

Emneord
Internationalization, Firm Establishment, Telefonica, Brazil, Chile
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Detaljhandel och internationellt företagande (RIB)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13191 (URN)978-0-620-70935-4 (ISBN)
Konferanse
17th International Academy of African Business and Development Conference (IAABD), "Governance and business policies: Towards sustainable African business development", Arusha, Tanzania, May 11-14, 2016
Prosjekter
Establishment Processes in the International Market
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-06 Laget: 2016-12-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner