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  • Senavirathne, Navoda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Hamilton Institute, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland.
    Torra, Vicenç
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Hamilton Institute, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland.
    Integral Privacy Compliant Statistics Computation2019In: Data Privacy Management, Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology: ESORICS 2019 International Workshops, DPM 2019 and CBT 2019, Luxembourg, September 26–27, 2019, Proceedings / [ed] Cristina Pérez-Solà, Guillermo Navarro-Arribas, Alex Biryukov, Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro, Cham: Springer, 2019, Vol. 11737, p. 22-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data analysis is expected to provide accurate descriptions of the data. However, this is in opposition to privacy requirements when working with sensitive data. In this case, there is a need to ensure that no disclosure of sensitive information takes place by releasing the data analysis results. Therefore, privacy-preserving data analysis has become significant. Enforcing strict privacy guarantees can significantly distort data or the results of the data analysis, thus limiting their analytical utility (i.e., differential privacy). In an attempt to address this issue, in this paper we discuss how “integral privacy”; a re-sampling based privacy model; can be used to compute descriptive statistics of a given dataset with high utility. In integral privacy, privacy is achieved through the notion of stability, which leads to release of the least susceptible data analysis result towards the changes in the input dataset. Here, stability is explained by the relative frequency of different generators (re-samples of data) that lead to the same data analysis results. In this work, we compare the results of integrally private statistics with respect to different theoretical data distributions and real world data with differing parameters. Moreover, the results are compared with statistics obtained through differential privacy. Finally, through empirical analysis, it is shown that the integral privacy based approach has high utility and robustness compared to differential privacy. Due to the computational complexity of the method we propose that integral privacy to be more suitable towards small datasets where differential privacy performs poorly. However, adopting an efficient re-sampling mechanism can further improve the computational efficiency in terms of integral privacy. © 2019, The Author(s).

  • Luhar, Virali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergström, Linn
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Operationsteamets följsamhet till signout: En observationsstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a checklist for safe surgery. The purpose of this checklist was to increase patient safety. Since the introduction of the checklist mortality and complications after surgery has decreased. Several studies show that the checklist is not fully followed despite the good results. However, there are few studies that have examined compliance with the final phase of the checklist, signout. Aim: To describe the surgical team's compliance to signout. Method: The study was conducted as a non-participant observational study with a quantitative, descriptive strategy. Using an observation form, a total of 24 observations were performed on two operating units. Result: The signout compliance was average, 42%. Some sub-parts were checked more frequently than others and some were not confirmed at all. The surgeon was the one who initiated in more than half of the observations and the anesthesia nurse had the highest frequency at pausing. Conclusion: In the initiation, pause and specific sub-parts, it was mainly the surgeon who distinguished himself. Here, a clear connection was seen between the surgeon's role and the result of the study. There is a difference between the documented and the actual compliance to the checklist. To increase compliance and thereby patient safety, clearer guidelines are needed regarding who should be responsible and when to start signout.

  • Virtanen, Marianna
    et al.
    School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland / Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Jokela, Markus
    Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lallukka, Tea
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pentti, Jaana
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Nyberg, Solja T.
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden / Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Batty, G. David
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom / School of Biological & Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States.
    Casini, Anna-Lisa
    IPSY, Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Louvain-la-Neuve & School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
    Clays, Els
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium.
    DeBacquer, Dirk
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium.
    Ervasti, Jenni
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden / Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden / School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Halonen, Jaana I.
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden / Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Head, Jenny
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Kittel, France
    IPSY, Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Louvain-la-Neuve & School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Leineweber, Constance
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Nordin, Maria
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Oksanen, Tuula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pietiläinen, Olli
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Rahkonen, Ossi
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Salo, Paula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Singh-Manoux, Archana
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom / INSERM, Villejuif, U 1018, France.
    Stenholm, Sari
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Suominen, Sakari B
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Theorell, Töres
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Vahtera, Jussi
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Westerholm, Peter
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Kivimäki, Mika
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland / Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Long working hours and change in body weight: analysis of individual-participant data from 19 cohort studies2019In: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the relation between long working hours and change in body mass index (BMI). Methods: We performed random effects meta-analyses using individual-participant data from 19 cohort studies from Europe, US and Australia (n = 122,078), with a mean of 4.4-year follow-up. Working hours were measured at baseline and categorised as part time (<35 h/week), standard weekly hours (35–40 h, reference), 41–48 h, 49–54 h and ≥55 h/week (long working hours). There were four outcomes at follow-up: (1) overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) or (2) overweight (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2) among participants without overweight/obesity at baseline; (3) obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) among participants with overweight at baseline, and (4) weight loss among participants with obesity at baseline. Results: Of the 61,143 participants without overweight/obesity at baseline, 20.2% had overweight/obesity at follow-up. Compared with standard weekly working hours, the age-, sex- and socioeconomic status-adjusted relative risk (RR) of overweight/obesity was 0.95 (95% CI 0.90–1.00) for part-time work, 1.07 (1.02–1.12) for 41–48 weekly working hours, 1.09 (1.03–1.16) for 49–54 h and 1.17 (1.08–1.27) for long working hours (P for trend <0.0001). The findings were similar after multivariable adjustment and in subgroup analyses. Long working hours were associated with an excess risk of shift from normal weight to overweight rather than from overweight to obesity. Long working hours were not associated with weight loss among participants with obesity. Conclusions: This analysis of large individual-participant data suggests a small excess risk of overweight among the healthy-weight people who work long hours. 

  • Lindh, Therese
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Lunde, Elenor
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Specialistsjuksköterskors upplevelser under ett urakut kejsarsnitt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Through perioperative nursing, nurse anaesthetist and theatrical nurse together care for the patient before, during and after surgical procedure. Emergency caesarean section (Ecs) is a complex situation where focus is to save lives. Complications can occur, leading to a rapid change in work intensity. The special nurses are then placed in a position where there is a demand for stress resistance and competence. Both contribute with their unique competence and perioperative nursing, which can alleviate suffering for the patient. This makes the nurse anaesthetist and theatrical nurse`s an important part of the team. The aim: The aim of the study was to elucidate the experience of special nurses during theperioperative care of the Ecs. Method: The study used a qualitative method where the data material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The data is based on interviews conducted with four nurse anaesthetist and four theatrical nurse s. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis; the relational care, a challenging work situation, the importance of the team with eight subcategories. Conclusion: The result point out by being a confident person a good patient relationship can be maintained, when dignity is shown it can reduce suffering for the patient.Communication and support within the team is important for the collaboration to work.When work situation is challenging this causes stress. Scenario training can provide the opportunity for skills enhancement and provide more security for the specialist nurse's jobrole.

  • Gunnarsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Nilsson Lindh, Moa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    En andra chans i livet: patienters upplevelser efter ett hjärtstopp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ett hjärtstopp var en dramatisk händelse där reflektionen om existensen påbörjades. Det väcktes tankar och känslor som hade påverkan på livskvalitén och hälsan. Sjuksköterskans uppgift var att ge information och finnas där för patientens individuella behov. Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelser efter ett hjärtstopp. Metod: Studien utfördes med en kvalitativ litteraturöversikt. Resultat: I resultatet framkom det att patienterna upplevde brist av information och att de ville bearbeta händelsen med andra. Efter hjärtstoppet fick patienterna ett nytt förhållningssätt till livet och vissa fysiska moment var svårare att utföra. Uppvaknandet efter hjärtstoppet var förvirrande och många känslor uppstod.  Konklusion: Resultatet visade att patienterna upplevde brist av information, kände önskan om att få bearbeta och dela erfarenheter med andra samt att stödet de fick uppskattades. Något som betraktades svårt var att leva en fungerande vardag och hitta den nya identiteten. Känslor såsom övergivenhet och osäkerhet uppkom men även tacksamhet och glädje att fått fortsätta livet. Om sjuksköterskan hade mer kunskap om patienters upplevelser, ökade chansen att vården efter händelsen blev mer patientcentrerad.

  • Odisho, Mariana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Rashid, Jina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Livet efter friskförklaring från bröstcancer: Kvinnors upplevelser efter friskförklaring från bröstcancer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer that affects women. The development of treatment methods has increased the chance of surviving and curing breast cancer over the years. Breast cancer can affect the woman both mentally and physically. The repercussion can be mentally stressful where the quality of life can be adversely affected. Treatments like masectomy can lead to physicall alterations and affect the living body. Purpose: To illiustrate womens experiences of breastcancer survivorship. Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative literature review. Result: Women feel a lack of support after survivorship in a declining health care invoirment, because the lasting effects of treatment throughout the years. Emotions such as anxiety, abandonment and fear was a part of their everyday lives. It negativly affected women's self-esteem when they had to live with a new body after the mastectomy. Conclusion: Women continuosily experience interchanging emotions following their survivorship that need to be addressed by nurses in order to increase mental well-being.

  • Holmberg, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Livet med dysfagi efter stroke: En litteraturöversikt utifrån drabbade personers perspektiv och erfarenheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A stroke can affect anyone, so can the complication dysphagia. With impaired swallowing ability, the quality of life, health and well-being of the person can also be affected. As a nurse, it is important to have both knowledge and understanding of swallowing difficulties in order to provide patients with good and safe care. Method: The study is a descriptive literature review with a qualitative approach that is based on ten qualitative articles that were searched through the CINAHL database. Aim: To elucidate affected people´s experiences of post-stroke dysphagia. Result: The result was divided into categories based on experiences that relate to limitations, feelings of fear, taking control, the feeling of security and new adaptation to everyday life. There are both positive and negative experiences in the individuals. Conclusion: Dysphagia is a serious illness with both physical and mental barriers. Dysphagia gives rise to fear, limitations, control needs, adaptation but affected people can still experience security in certain situations along with other understanding individuals. Although dysphagia can have a negative impact on life, the feeling of goodness of quality of life, health and well-being can be experienced by affected people learning to cope with the symptom.

  • Hasic, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Petio, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Den offentliga sektorns Employer brand med målgruppen generation y: En undersökning om hur den offentliga sektorn kan utveckla sitt employer brand för att attrahera och kunna kommunicera med generation Y. 2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large generation shift is coming, where the precious generation, so called “Baby Boomers” which are born between 1946 and 1964 will be replaced in the labor market by the new generation, also known as “Generation Y” which refers to individuals born between 1980 and 1999. This generation shift has brought about that the public sector as an employer faces a challenging recruitment need, where new potential employees need to be recruited to replace the previous generation (Baby Boomers). One problem with this fact is that the previous generation (Baby Boomers), and the “Generation Y” may differ considerably in terms of conditions, expectations, needs and goals that may be associated with a potential workplace. This has brought about that the potential employers in the public sector must appear as attractive employers in order to fulfill the recruitment needs of potential future employees that will arise and be attracted to the public sectors activities. There are different ways for an employer to achieve this, for instance by potential employers appropriately utilizing their (employer brand) which can work to attract potential employees in the future. In this report, that is based on a qualitative study in which 10 individuals (belonging to Generation Y) with ongoing/completed university education were interviewed regarding their perspective of the public sector as a potential employer. The respondents have an educational background with the main areas HR and logistics, where these are distributed among 5 within HR and 5 in logistics. The purpose has been to capture individuals (within Generation Y) views of the public sector and to understand their experiences/aspects on the public sector as a future employer.

  • Al-Ghamdi, Yasser
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    The Effects of Probiotics on High Sugar-Induced Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms in Drosophila melanogaster2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by the rise of fasting plasma glucose from its normal range (≥125mg/dl). It is marked by insufficient production of insulin from pancreatic β-cells as a result of failed compensation due to insulin resistance. Several treatments are available for the disorder, which mainly focus on improving the sensitivity of insulin in different body tissues. Recently, probiotics were suggested as candidate treatments for type 2 diabetes and for extending lifespan as well. This experiment aims to investigate such claims using Drosophila melanogaster as a disease model.

     

    Results: Other than the observed low average weights in treated larva samples, probiotics did not show any other significant results in affecting the length, glucose, glycogen, and trehalose levels (One-Way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis, p>0.05). Real-time PCR was only carried out once. Thus, no statistical tests were reliable enough to analyse the data obtained. The longevity study, on the other hand, did show significance (Log-rank (Mantel-Cox) test and Gehan-Breslow-Wilcoxon test, p<0.0001), as the probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis extended the lifespan of adult flies feeding on a high sugar diet significantly when compared to the control ones feeding on only high sugar diet without probiotics.

     

    Conclusion: Except for weight measurements, none of the other results was reliable enough to make a concrete conclusion on whether the treatments indeed worked in reversing type 2 diabetes symptoms or not. Real-time PCR results did show some effects of some of the treatments at different developmental stages. However, unless Real-time PCR is repeated at least once using the same protocol, no deduction can be made. Additionally, the data obtained hint that the dosage used (0.025 g) was too high for larvae and adult flies and might have caused malnutrition by blocking their midgut and decreasing food absorption. Hence, false significant or non-significant results were acquired instead.

     

    Further studies are required using a much lower probiotic dosage if Drosophila is used as a disease model. Although, other models such as mice or rats are recommended in this case, in order to reach a solid conclusion about the effectiveness of probiotics in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus. Baring these thoughts in mind and based on the results of this experiment, the null hypothesis indicating that there is no significant relationship between the use of probiotics and reversing type 2 diabetes mellitus symptoms is therefore accepted.

  • Kristensen, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Roman Zhigalov: The Forest (Les, 2018)2019In: KinoKultura, ISSN 1478-6567, no 65Article, book review (Other academic)
  • Didriksson, Annika
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jordbrukares psykiska hälsa: en litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Within the agricultural profession, there are many stress factors. The suicide statistics show that the profession is associated with an even globally increased risk of suicide. How sustainable is agriculture's psychosocial resilience when urbanization, globalization and prevailing climate-change affect the conditions for agriculture and for the individuals who work with food production. Can available scientific literature explain which factors affect the farmer's mental health? Aim: The purpose of this literature rewiev is to demonstrate that the incidence of mental illness in the agricultural sector is a real problem and to get answers to what factors affect the farmers' mental health. The rewiev also aims to achieve a greater understanding in the reader about the mental health of farmers. Methods: A literature study, in which qualitative and quantitative articles have been studied. Articles were searched in the databases Medline and CINAHL and the content was analyzed to meet the criteria of the study. Results: Ten scientific articles were included for analysis and four themes emerged: Working life, Social relations, Geographical location and Stigma. Geographical isolation from healthcare and social meeting places increase isolation and are risk factors for mental illness. Higher prevalence of mental illness among farmers is explained by time pressure, stigmatization of the profession and societal changes which can have a negative effect on mental health.  Conclusion:  Farmers' health is vulnerable and there are reasons to worry about their mental health. But the agricultural profession is also associated with several protective factors that should be strengthened in order to reduce the risk of mental problems.

  • Olsson, Veronica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Perhed, Elisabet
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Leva med alkoholberoende: En självbiografistudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alcohol addiction defines as a disease in which alcohol has a major role in people’s lives. Alcohol has a damaging effect on the body and people with alcohol addiction carries an increased risk of suffering from physical and mental illness. In order to care for people with alcohol addiction, the nurse needs to have understanding of their lifeworld. The nurse should inform and motivate people with alcohol addiction to a lifestyle change through their professional role and support them in the experience of health. Aim: To describe people’s experiences of living with alcohol addiction. Method: The study is based on a qualitative analysis of narratives. Result: Two main categories emerged from the analysis: Everyday life focuses on the next drink, Need for change with four subcategories. Conclusion: A good relationship between the nurse and the patient is a prerequisite for promoting patient participation, and for persons with alcohol addiction to complete treatments. Working in a person-centered way gives the nurse an opportunity to take part in the patient’s lifeworld. Knowing what motivates the patient to change is a presumption for creating health and well-being.

  • Eimersson, Joar
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kapanen, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Prostatacancer: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av mäns upplevelser av sjukdomen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer affecting men in Sweden. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe men's experiences of prostate cancer. Method: Four autobiographies have been analyzed through a qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. Results: The results show that men affected by prostate cancer experience anxiety, existential thoughts and feelings of lost identity as well as masculinity. The results also show that urinary incontinence and impotence are central experiences of the disease. This puts men in a whole new everyday situation with planning and adaptation as an effect. The men adapt to situations and accept that life will continue to be uncertain. Discussion: Urinary incontinence and impotence are perceived as highly contributing factors to ill health. This causes frustration, anger and a sense of shame towards his partner. Conclusion: Prostate cancer changes a man's life. Men experience the message as life-changing with a lot of anxiety, but they still see life worth living.

  • Andrén, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Svensson, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Personers upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En studie av självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Bipolar disorder is a chronic condition which is characterised by elevated mood swings with manic and depressive episodes. It has impact on the person’s lifeworld and his or her experience of health. The chronic disorder causes suffering for the person. The essential role of the nurse is to be supportive and educate. Aim: To describe peoples’ experiences to live with bipolar disorder. Method: A qualitative study were five autobiographies was studied. The method of analytics is narrative analysis. Results: The result has six categories. Those are: the emotional rollercoaster, the euphoric boundlessness, darkest before dawn, the different reality, impact on the social life, in contact with care. Discussion: People with bipolar disorder experiences health, illness and suffering depending on which episode they are in. It’s important to have people in their vicinity who is understanding and who cares to find peace. The nurse acts as support in the dynamic mood swings the people can have and can contribute with information how to handle the disorder. Conclusion: To live with bipolar disorder means constant mood swings. The care should have a open mind and answer to the person in their lifeworld. It’s important as nurse to create a balance to ease suffering and encourage health.

  • Höglund, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergström, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    När sjuksköterskor lider, lider patienterna: En kvantitativ litteraturöversikt om psykisk ohälsa, vårdens baksida2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The nurse´s profession is characterized by a high workload, a high tempo and many different tasks that are usually performed under enormous time pressure. The proportion of acute patients increases drastically while the resources are limited and the effect of this has a direct impact on the nurse.   

    Purpose: The purpose of the litterature review is to highlight factors that causes mental illness in nurses in the emergency care.  

    Method: The litterature review consists of 10 scientific articles with quantitative researsh methodology. The article research was done in the databases CINAHL and PubMed.  

    Result: The analysis resulted in two main themes that were found to affect the nurse´s health, these are work-related factors and psychosocial factors. The subthemes are working enviroment, leadership and organization to the main theme of workrelated factors. Suffering and trauma, recovery and stressors regarding the main theme psychsocial factors.

    Conclusion: Through knowledge about mental illness and development of coping strategies with preventive measures, a healthier and more supportive working enviroment can be created for nurses in emergency care.

  • Abika, Josephine
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year, about 90,000 to 100,000 people die in Sweden and the majority need palliative care. Nursing is the core competence of nurses and means a great responsibility in care at the end of life and can be difficult for some nurses because they provide support to patients and their relatives. Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of caring for patients at the end of life. Method: A literature-based study with qualitative approach based on ten scientific articles. Results: Five themes emerged from the analysis; Sorrow and frustration, factors that promote well-being, being able to build a good care relationship, being able to deal with family needs and lack of experience and education.Conclusion: The results show that nurses experience negative and positive feelings when caring for dying patients. Providing care at the end of life was emotionally challenging and a great commitment for nurses. The resources that nurses have are not enough. Nurses are in dire need of more support and education to be able to care for patients and relatives in a good way at the end of life.

  • Pieslinger, Johan
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Social threat processing and emotional arousal: Associations between the Late Positive Potential and aggressive tendencies2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aggressive behaviour can be defined as actions that are believed and intended to cause harm to another individual that does not desire to be the target of such actions. Different situations can warrant aggressive behaviour, such as when an individual is posed with a threat. Aggressive behaviour is one of the ways individuals can deal with threats arising from their environments, and furthermore, aggressive behaviour can also be used to deal with social threats that arise from the interaction between two members of the same species. Aggressive behaviour is correlated with higher emotional arousal, and individuals that illustrate aggressive tendencies should be more sensitive to arousal when confronted with a social threat. This thesis acts upon this notion by hypothesizing that individuals who score higher on a tendency for aggression measurements should exhibit higher emotional arousal when exposed to a cue of social threat. Cues of social threats are thought to be induced by exposing the participant to either an angry face or a face with a high facial width to height ratio. The emotional response is measured with electroencephalography, more specifically looking at the late positive potential. No support for the hypothesis was found between high and low aggression groups. The facial width to height ratios proposed nature of being a cue of social threat becomes contested as the results were conflicting regarding the robustness of the facial width to height ratio’s effect. Even if there were no statistically significant differences found between the two groups, it might not be subject for dismissal as the sample population could be considered a low aggression population overall.

  • Nielsen, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Brink, Izabell
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda barn på akutmottagning: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wester, Jonas
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Hur påverkas fisksamhällen av kemiska och fysikaliska faktorer: En jämförelse av fiskfauna mellan Tidaholm och Tibro2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I augusti år 2018 genomfördes två provfisken i ån Tidan på platserna Tibro och Tidaholm. Syftet med studien var att titta påom artdiversiteten skiljer sig mellan två olika och skilda lokaler i samma vattendrag. I studien diskuteras också vadlikheter och skillnaderi artsamhällenas sammansättning kanbero på. I studiengranskas artiklar,kemiska förutsättningar och bakgrundsfakta. Ibörjan av artikelnförklaras syftet och frågeställningarna som denna studien utgick ifrån. I metoden förklaras hur provfisketär genomfört och beräkningar som ligger till grund för denna studien. Tillvägagångsättetför att kunna genomföra en liknade studie eller en fortsättning av denna studieförklaras i texten. Resultaten presenterar skillnader i markanvändning och jämför artdiversiteten mellan lokalerna. I studienkan man läsa om hur markanvändningen skiljer sig mellan lokalerna och granskning av fångstdata genom olika diversitets index och chi square test. En diskussion som tas uppär markanvändningen och hur stor påverkan den har på vattendraget samt hur renhållning i vattendrag kan påverka mångfalden och göra ett vattendrag mer enahanda utan tydliga variationer och så vidare. Valet av platser som näten placerades på diskuteras samt fångsteffektiviteten avnäten och representationen av färna i Tidaholm diskuteras.Vattenmiljöer kan ha många olika utseende och fysiska och kemiska förutsättningar men vad är fiskars möjligheter att anpassa sig till dessa olika förhållanden. Fiskarter är i toppen av näringskedjan och bör visa på om något inte står rätt till i vattendraget men fiskar är också väldigt anpassningsbara och många arter trivs i en mängd olika miljöer. Många fiskarter kan man hitta i nästan alla svenska vatten och det gör det svårt att säga nått om deras favorithabitat men en avsaknad av dessa arter kan säga mycket om vattendraget,så en god mångfald är ett bra betyg för många vatten. Mängden speciella habitat är också ett gott betyg för ett vatten som strävar efter en stor mångfald, utan dessa habitat sjunker mångfalden och förutsättningarna för mer habitatkrävande arter kan möjligen försvinna.

  • Ekvall, Viveka
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. vivekaekwall@yahoo.se.
    Facial expressions and Electrophysiological impressions: An LPP study of emotional regulation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The conceptual model of emotion regulation (ER) of Gross and Thompson (2007) introduces families of ER strategies ordered on a temporal scale. This scale has been attributed implications both for the grouping strategies but also for the neurocognitive processing. The two event-related potential (ERP) studies of emotional regulation presented here focus on emotional regulation at different temporal distances, as well as, different stages of cognitive processing. Trying to discern if various neural processes could be disentangled by looking at different stages of the late positive potential (LPP). The theoretical background begins with the neurocognitive science of emotionality and visits cognitive processing at both early and late stages before summating results of the contemporary research of emotional regulation. 39 participants were enrolled within the two experiments aiming to compare the efficiency of different strategies in reducing negative social emotion induced by photographs of angry faces. Technical difficulties discourage conclusions about how temporal distancing is most effectively adapted. Results suggest self-focused distancing strategies are more effective than situation-focused reappraisal and could be preferred for therapeutic purposes based on greater observed LPP effect.

  • Iriondo Pascual, Aitor
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Simulation-Based Multi-Objective Optimization of Ergonomic and Productivity Factors2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation software is used in industry to simulate production as it allows predicting behaviours, calculate times and plan production already at virtual stages of the production development process. There is also software to simulate humans working in production, commonly called digital human modelling (DHM) tools. When humans are simulated, ergonomics evaluations can be carried out in order to assess whether workstation designs offer appropriate ergonomic conditions for the worker. However, these human simulations are usually carried out by human factors engineers or ergonomists, with the purpose of validating workstations, without integrating these simulations with those performed in production by production engineers. Due to this, simulations performed to predict production are usually done separately from human simulations performed to evaluate ergonomics. This can lead to suboptimal solutions when the factory is optimized to improve productivity and ergonomics. This research proposal contains a frame of reference, literature review, research questions, proposed approach, motivation, expected results, philosophical paradigm, research methodology, method, challenges and planning, founded in the hypothesis that more optimal solutions for workstation design, layout and line balancing can be obtained in simulations by optimizing productivity and ergonomic factors at the same time instead of improving them separately. Hence, the aim is to carry out research in the development of a multi-objective optimization method of productivity and ergonomic factors, and to implement the method into a simulation tool in order to test and communicate the method. From an academic perspective, the overall objective is to contribute to knowledge and publish findings in the academic community, eventually leading to a PhD thesis. From an application perspective, the overall objective is to contribute to the development of efficient methods for how to find successful designs of productive and ergonomic workstations.

  • Björnberg, Jimmy
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Shatri, Adelina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Leva med depression: En studie av självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Depression är en allvarlig sjukdom och en av våra vanligaste folksjukdomar. Den är mångfasetterad och upplevs olika hos alla individer. Sjukdomen påverkar känslor, tankar och förmågan till vardagliga aktiviteter. Sjukdomen är stigmatiserad i samhället, där okunskap råder kring symtom och upplevelser. Okunskap medför ett stort lidande för den drabbade individen och risk för förlängd vårdtid eller fel diagnos finns. Syfte: Syftet är att belysa upplevelsen av att leva med depression. Metod: Kvalitativ metod med en analys av narrativer för analysering av fem självbiografier. Resultat: Upplevelser av depression delas in i olika kategorier som återspeglar upplevelser beroende på vart i depressionen individen befinner sig. ”Vägen ner i djupet” skildrar början på depressionen, där kognitiva processer och funktioner försämras. ”Att hamna på botten” skildrar det mörkaste av depressionen där ångest, panikattacker och tankar kring suicid infinner sig. Slutligen skildrar ”Vägen tillbaka till hälsa” återvändandet till hälsa och tillfrisknandet. Konklusion: Depression orsakar ett stort lidande hos den drabbade och tankar, känslor och handlingar är svåra att kontrollera. De starka känslor som depressionen bär med sig begränsar individen i vardagen och kan leda till social isolering. För att tillfriskna från depression krävs rätt behandling och acceptans för sjukdomen.

  • Aoso, Zozan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ebrahimi Ganjgah, Hossein
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen som drabbar kvinnor runt om i världen. Sjukdomen är vanligast hos medelålders och äldre kvinnor. Att få en diagnos med bröstcancer är en traumatisk upplevelse som kan leda till en känsla av hopplöshet, lidande, smärta, ångest och depression. Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med bröstcancer och dess behandlingar. Metod: En litteraturöversikt är baserad på både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Datainsamling skedde via CINAHL och MEDLINE. Analysen utfördes utifrån Fribergs (2017a) fyrastegsmodell. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier identifierades i resultatet. I resultaten beskrivs kvinnors upplevelse av att få ett bröstcancerbesked och deras upplevelse av biverkningar vid olika typer av bröstcancerbehandlingar samt upplevelse av brist på information. Kvinnorna upplevde en övergång från hälsa till sjukdom med chock i samband med ett bröstcancerbesked. De vanligaste biverkningarna som upplevdes var illamående, oro, rädsla och förlust av sexualiteten. Otillräcklig information upplevde vissa av kvinnorna gällande behandlingar och dess biverkningar. Konklusion: Vid bröstcancer upplever kvinnor både fysiska och psykiska besvär. Upplevelsen av olika känslor såsom chock, rädsla och oro uppträder hos kvinnor i sambandet med beskedet. Stöd och vägledning från sjuksköterska är betydelsefullt så att kvinnor kan hantera sin sjukdom.   

  • Johansson, Rebecka
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kristensson, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med ALS: En studie baserad på självbiografier och biografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ALS is an incurable disease that causes muscle loss which leads to impaired mobility and within a limited time the patient dies. A patient who does not know the meaning of life may encounter difficulties in the ability to experience well-being. Patients living with ALS live with a fear because the diagnosis means loss of the future. It is therefore important that patients receive professional support from the nurse. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences of living with ALS. Method: The study is based on a qualitative method and data were analyzed based on a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach based on three autobiographies and two biographies. Results: It appears that patients living with ALS experience a changed life perspective, a new context, mental and physical sanctions, and that relationships affect well-being. Conclusion: Patients living with ALS experience both well-being and suffering. The nurse is responsible for ensuring that patients receive the right support and assistance that they desire and require to feel quality of life in their everyday lives. The nurse's approach in the personal encounter with the patients is considered to be crucial for their experience of well-being.

  • Homeres, Arianne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Svensson, Åsa
    et al.
    Department of Media and Information Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Ohlander, Ulrika
    Saab Aeronautics, Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Department of Media and Information Technology, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Design implications for teamwork in ATC2019In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In air trafc control (ATC), teamwork is a key component among air trafc control operators (ATCOs) to safely direct the aircraft through the sky and on the ground. To be able to design for future ATC systems, we must understand how ATCOs work together, their teamwork, and how they experience and perceive teamwork, in diferent ATC environments. We conducted interviews with 16 ATCOs working in four diferent ATC environments (en-route control, terminal area control, tower control for a small airport and tower control for a large airport in Sweden) and analysed the results in the light of the “Big Five” model of teamwork. The main contributions of this paper are to show: (1) how eight teamwork factors are diferently manifested by the ATCOs in the diferent ATC environments, (2) that teamwork in ATC is important during routine operations, during stressful work, and during abnormal situations, and (3) that the design of the organisation, the environment, and the tools, afects teamwork and the importance of diferent teamwork factors.

  • Hassan Abbas, Cattie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Feeling Close to Someone: The Neural Correlates of Social Connection2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of human evolution, being a member of a group has been more beneficial for survival than being alone. Food gathering, protection from predators, cooperation, and care for offspring are distributed among group members, increasing the likelihood for survival. It is as if there is an interplay between agent and environment that interprets being socially cooperative as pleasurable and being left out as painful. Studies have been dedicated to examine how our social life is one of the most important aspects of health and well-being, particularly social relationships. Since this link has been demonstrated, it would be interesting to incorporate the field of neuroscience to understand the involvement of the human brain in our social experiences, specifically the experience of social connection. The current state of neuroscience does not allow researchers to examine this kind of subjective experiences, simply because of the lack of proper tools and knowledge. Research in this field has come a long way since the early stages, and studies have indicated on significant results regarding the involved neural regions. The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and the anterior insula (AI) are active when threats to social connection is experienced. They are also active in situations were survival is threatened. An experience of social connection evokes a feeling of (social) safety, in part because it activates regions of the brain associated with physical safety, such as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC). In similar fashion, a sense of social closeness ("warmth") activates the ventral striatum (VS), which is associated with physical warmth and studies have shown that social and physical warmth share overlapping neural activity in VS. Finally, Mu-opioids have been shown to be responsible for social bonding; while using an opioid antagonist such as naltrexone, decreases the feeling of social connection. Studies in this field are few; one should take their results with caution. The field continues to grow, and the studies that have been done to date give exciting hints of the influence of social relationships on physical health and mental well-being.

  • Fridlind, Pontus
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Schyberg, Fredrik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vård patienter i ett palliativt skede: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care means supporting life quality and preventing suffering to patients in care in the end of life. Relieving pain and symptoms are two important aims for the patient to experience a wellbeing despite a severe disease. The care for the dying patient should be person centred, a model of care I used to simplify a person centred care and it`s called the 6:sn. Purpose: To illustrate nurses’ experiences of caring patients in a palliative phase within closed somatic care. Method: The used method in this study is a literature review consisting nine qualitative articles. Result: Three main themes are emerged from the analysis; build close relationships, cooperation between actors involved and emotional stress, with seven subthemes. Conclusion: The nurse’s ability to communicate is the main point for good care in the palliative care. Frequent practice and education creates good qualifications for having a well developed communicative skill. To meet patients in the end of life is an emotionally trying, time and continuity to each patient creates a good basis for the nurse to meet these feelings in a professional way.

  • Axelsson, Gustav
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    En dag lämnar jag honom: Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every third woman around the world has been subjected to physical or mental violence and the majority lives in a partnership with her perpetrator. The consequences of living with violence in a close relationship creates ill health and suffering. The nurses has an essential role in detecting violence in a close relationship and thus being able to provide trusting support and adequate help. Aim: To describe women's experiences of living as a victim of violence in a close relationship. Method: A narrative method by Dahlborg-Lyckhage. Findings: Three main categories emerged from the analysis; Gradually degraded self-esteem, Abused and dependant to the spouse and Way out with five subcategories. Conclusion: The study has contributed to increased understanding of women's experiences of living with violence in a close relationship so that the nurses can create security in the caring meeting.

  • Broberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Petersson, Josefine
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbetsmiljö på två akutvårdsavdelningar: En kvantitativ empirisk studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A good working environment require a positive management where collaboration between colleagues and managers function in an environment where employees have opportunity to control the workload and work rate to some extent. Emergency care is often stressful with a high workload. There are deficiencies in patient safety, person-centered care and risks of medical errors. The nurse’s work is extensive and includes practical assignments that regulates by laws and regulations. Their work are also based on the patient’s participation, safety of care and being attentive to what patients and relatives say. Aim: The aim is to describe nurses’ experiences of work environment at two emergency units. Method: The essay is a quantitative empirical study. Questionnaires have been used as data collection in MAVA (medical emergency unit) and KAVA (surgical emergency unit). Results: 31 nurses answered the questionnaire. The average professional experience was relatively low. Shortcoming in staffing indicated a work environment that does not promote patient safety and person-centered care. The work environment is stressful and the possibility for recovery is small. Conclusion: The work environment is difficult at MAVA and KAVA as nurses handle emergencies with patients in relation to lack of resources. Good nursing care, patient safety and person-centered care should be maintained despite the shortcomings. Therefore, improvements and greater access to resources and competence are required.

  • Wullimann, David
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Discovery of candidate biomarkers for purification of atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stemcells: Version 22017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kaidalova, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Jönköping University, JTH.
    Integration of Product-IT into Enterprise Architecture: a metod for participatory Business and IT Alignment2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a practice for planning, representation and design of IT components and resources (Enterprise-IT) in an organization. In the context of digital transformation (DT), companies are exposed to various sorts of opportu-nities, both technological and business. Huge potential for value generation lies in Product-IT – built-in software and digital services enhancing the products, which is currently considered separately from Enterprise-IT. Integrated consideration of Product-IT and Enterprise-IT is hindered by various challenging factors, such as the mismatch between agile and traditional modes of IT development and mainte-nance, disjointed technology platforms and overall lack of methodological support to address Product-IT in a coherent way. This thesis proposes a method for Prod-uct-IT inclusive EA, which aims to support DT. The proposed method is the central artifact of the applied design science research, which was grounded and evaluated both theoretically and empirically (through literature reviews, an industrial case study and interviews). The proposed method has several parts: key concepts for product-IT inclusive EA modeling, expanding the traditional set of EA concepts; a set of focal areas to facilitate integrated modeling and analysis of Product-IT and Enterprise-IT; and a set of recommendations for participatory modeling of the pro-posed focal areas by relevant stakeholders.

  • Soltani, Sepide
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Från blöjan till boken: en studie om stressupplevelse hos studerande mödrar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate the experience of stress in student mothers, if it turns out that the roles they carry are incompatible. Furthermore, I want to know what factors can create this.

    The study is based on a qualitative method and the empirical material is produced via semi-structured interviews in which five student mothers participated.

     The result showed that the roles of student and mother of a student mother are incompatible.

    It was also shown that there are factors such as behavioral expectations of a role based on the social context one is in, inadequacy as a mother or student, finding balance between these roles may be a reason for their perceived stress.

    It was also stated in the results that the perceived stress has different effects on student mothers' everyday lives. There was a positive impact where their motivation to achieve the goal was increased and negative which contributed to a negative feeling such as insufficiency in order to  internalize the student role with the mother role.

  • Johansson, Gabriella
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Magnusson, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    VÅRDPROGRAM FÖR MRSA I SVERIGE, TYSKLAND OCH SPANIEN: -En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Methicillinresistent Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) är en multiresistent bakterie som är ett hälsoproblem över hela världen. Genom mutationer i bakterien skapas en resistens mot antibiotika. Faktorer som bidrar till den ökade spridningen och resistens av MRSA är bland annat dålig handhygien/hygien bland vårdpersonal på sjukhus, samt överanvändning av antibiotika. Personer som är bärare av MRSA riskerar då att inte kunna behandlas med antibiotika vid bakteriella infektioner, vilket kan medföra längre vårdtider eller i värsta fall hot mot hälsan och riskerar då att inte överleva dessa infektioner. Syfte: Att beskriva vårdprogram för MRSA i Sverige, Tyskland och Spanien. Metod: Metoden som använts är litteraturöversikt. Resultat: Vårdprogrammen för att minska spridningen av MRSA består samma riktlinjer i de olika länderna i Europa. Varför spridningen ser olika ut beror i stor utsträckning på vilka förutsättningar som finns i de olika länderna samt hur antibiotikakonsumtionen ser ut. Vissa länder har hög exponering av antibiotika inom djurhållningen, vilket ökar spridningen av MRSA. Konklusion: Trots stora skillnader i spridningen av MRSA ligger inte problemet i vårdprogrammen och dess riktlinjer för MRSA för länder i Europa. Vid jämförelse av länder med hög spridningen av MRSA respektive låg blev slutsatsen att det största problemet ligger i vilka förutsättningar vårdpersonalen har för att genomföra goda hygienrutiner samt brist eller bättre tillgång på kunskap och mer frekventa utbildningar kring MRSA och spridningen av resistenta bakterier. 

  • Hultman, Madelen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Wallberg, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Följsamhet till WHO:s checklista för säker kirurgi2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year thousands of patients are afflicted with adverse events and suffering. The surgical safety checklist has potential to decrease these negative effects if it’s used correctly. The checklist contributes to improve communication, teamwork and safer surgery. Aim: to examine the operating theatre personnel’s compliance with the WHO surgical safety checklist. Method: Quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. The information was collected through non-participating observations with self-constructed observational protocols. A total of 38 observations were included. Result: Sign in was initiated in 39,5% and complete in 15,8%. Time out was initiated in 100% and sign out in 94,7% but none were properly completed. On average, 23,4% of the safety items were confirmed in sign in, 40,5% in time out and 56,6% in sign out. Sign in and time out were mainly initiated by the anaesthesia nurse (86,7% and 42,1%) and sign out by the surgeon (88,9%). Conclusion: Sign in is complete in most cases even though it's rarely initiated. Time out and sign out are always and almost always initiated, but some security checks are always omitted. Further research is needed to investigate whether compliance with the WHO checklist differs when the patient is a child or when surgery occurs in the morning or the afternoon.

  • Karlsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Zahirovic Bana, Melissa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att drabbas av bröstcancer: Kvinnans erfarenheter - En studie av självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in Sweden affecting women. Participation is seen as a key element for the nurse to be able to offer a person-centered care that promotes health and relieves suffering which is important in breast cancer treatment because of its negative consequences for the physical and mental health. Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight women’s experience of breast cancer. Method: A qualitative content analysis has been used. Six autobiographies have been analyzed. Result: Emotional processes such as fear, worry and sadness are created by a breast cancer diagnosis. Women are forced to live in uncertainty. They feel that it is important to be offered participation and information. The physical appearance is affected. Acceptance is created to accept breast cancer and its consequences. When declared healthy, a fear of relapse will always be present. Discussion: It is important that the nurse is aware of the changes that occur and affect the woman's life context as well as the physical and mental feelings. If the nurse is aware of these aspects, it increases the possibility of a person-centered care. Conclusion: Suffering from breast cancer is a life-changing experience. The nurse can offer the breast cancer-affected woman participation and be supportive by providing safe and person-centered care.

  • Toffaha, Ali
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Ramzee, Ahmed Faidh
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Afana, Mohammad
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Aljohary, Hesham
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Rare presentation of primary varicella zoster as fatal fulminant hepatitis in adult on low-dose, short-term steroid: Case report2019In: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, ISSN 2049-0801, Vol. 48, p. 115-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Varicella zoster virus presents clinically as primary (chickenpox) or secondary (herpes zoster) infection. Cutaneous and extracutaneous dissemination may occur, usually in immunocompromised patients. VZV hepatitis that progresses to fulminant hepatic failure is very rare and fatal. To the best of our knowledge, 9 cases have been reported to date, of which 7 were in immunocompromised adults, and only one patient was on short duration steroid therapy. Presentation of case: We present a 26-year old man who was admitted initially with acute abdomen as query persistent biliary colic. Later, he showed clinical and laboratory findings of VZV hepatitis that progressed rapidly despite maximal medical ICU support and he expired on day 3 of admission. Conclusions: Acute VZV infection may present as fulminant hepatitis. The presentation may initially be challenging for the diagnosis and should be considered if the patient has been in contact with a sick case. Low dose corticosteroid could carry a risk for fatal VZV fulminant hepatitis and should be used very cautiously especially with VZV patients’ contacts. Further causative relationships remain to be established. 

  • Aslam, Irfan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Semantic frame based automatic extraction of typological information from descriptive grammars2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project addresses the machine learning (ML) modelling aspects of the problem of automatically extracting typological linguistic information of natural languages spoken in South Asia from annotated descriptive grammars. Without getting stuck into the theory and methods of Natural Language Processing (NLP), the focus has been to develop and test a machine learning (ML) model dedicated to the information extraction part. Starting with the existing state-of-the-art frameworks to get labelled training data through the structured representation of the descriptive grammars, the problem has been modelled as a supervised ML classification task where the annotated text is provided as input and the objective is to classify the input to one of the pre-learned labels. The approach has been to systematically explore the data to develop understanding of the problem domain and then evaluate a set of four potential ML algorithms using predetermined performance metrics namely: accuracy, recall, precision and f-score. It turned out that the problem splits up into two independent classification tasks: binary classification task and multiclass classification task. The four selected algorithms: Decision Trees, Naïve Bayes, Support VectorMachines, and Logistic Regression belonging to both linear and non-linear families ofML models are independently trained and compared for both classification tasks. Using stratified 10-fold cross validation performance metrics are measured and the candidate algorithms  are compared. Logistic Regression provided overall best results with DecisionTree as the close follow up. Finally, the Logistic Regression model was selected for further fine tuning and used in a web demo for typological information extraction tool developed to show the usability of the ML model in the field.

  • Ghobakhloo, Morteza
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Minab Higher Education Center, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran / Modern Technology Development and Implementation Research Center, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Fathi, Masood
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Modeling the Success of Application-Based Mobile Banking2019In: Economies, ISSN 2227-7099, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-21, article id 114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study addresses the issue of mobile banking customer retention by developing and empirically testing a theoretical model that describes the way mobile banking success is achieved. The data collection process was conducted via a web-based questionnaire survey through which 402 usable responses from users of application-based mobile banking services were collected. The data collected were further analyzed via covariance-based structural equation modeling. Results indicate that application-based mobile banking success can be defined in terms of the favorable attitude toward and repeated use of mobile banking applications. Experienced advantage, user satisfaction, and post-use trust toward mobile banking applications are among the critical enablers of application-based mobile banking success. The findings of this research can enable academicians and practitioners, banks, and financial institutions, in particular, to devise the mechanism through which the success of application-based mobile banking services can be facilitated.

  • Case, Keith
    et al.
    Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Thorvald, Peter
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Editorial2019In: Production & Manufacturing Research, ISSN 2169-3277, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 529-530Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hilmersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Rosenstam, Cecilia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter att vårda patienter med blodsmitta: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses care for patients with hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV daily. The risk of being exposed to infection can create anxiety and fear, which can influence nurses to provide good care on equal terms. Experience in caring for patients with blood contamination is therefore important for the professional development of the subject. Purpose: The purpose is to elucidate nurses' experiences of caring for patients with blood contamination. Method: A literature review with quantitative and qualitative articles was carried out. Result: Four themes emerged in the result. Nurse's knowledge and ignorance, Lack of resources affects nursing, Risks create fear and worry as well as approach and holistic view. Conclusion: Nurses in developing countries are at higher risk of being exposed to infection and have less opportunity to live up to the profession because financial and material resources are lacking. Knowledge and resources are required to enable good care.