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  • Sikka, Pilleriin
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, Systems Biology Research Environment. Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Dream affect: Conceptual and Methodological Issuesin the Study of Emotions and Moods Experienced in Dreams2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We experience affect—emotions and mood—not only when we are awake but alsoduring dreaming. Despite considerable research, existing theories and empiricalfindings disagree about the frequency, nature, and correlates of dream affect. In thisthesis, I discuss the conceptual and methodological issues that underlie thesediscrepancies. I present five empirical studies, the overall aim of which was toinvestigate the phenomenology and correlates of dream affect and how resultsregarding these are influenced by study methodology. Studies I–III focusedspecifically on methodological issues, by comparing self- and external ratings ofdream affect (Studies I–II) or the affective content of home and laboratory dreamreports (Study III). Studies IV and V investigated the waking well-being and neuralcorrelates of dream affect, respectively. These studies show that results andconclusions regarding dream affect are very different, even contradictory, dependingon whether dream reports have been collected using sleep laboratory awakenings orhome dream diaries (Study III) or whether dream affect has been measured usingself- or external ratings (Studies I–II). Self- and external ratings of dream affect arealso differently correlated with waking well-being (Study IV). Together, theseresults caution against making broad generalizations about affective dreamexperiences from findings obtained with one type of methodology only. The studiesalso demonstrate that dream affect is related to aspects of waking well-being and illbeing(Study IV) and that certain affective states experienced in dreams, specificallyanger, rely on similar neural processes as in wakefulness (Study V). These findingssuggest that the phenomenology and neural correlates of affective experiences are,at least to some extent, continuous across sleep and wakefulness. Overall, this thesisshows how the conceptual and methodological issues in the study of dream affectmay limit the validity, generalizability, and replicability of findings and,consequently, pose challenges to theory building and theory testing. It contributes todream research by highlighting the need, and suggesting ways, to enhance theconceptual clarity and methodological rigour of research on dream affect. Due to theinterdisciplinary nature of the thesis, the theoretical discussion and novel empiricalfindings also have implications for emotion research, sleep research, well-beingresearch, consciousness research, and affective neuroscience.

  • Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future Research Environment.
    Att leda genom medarbetarskap i vården2018In: Cancervården, ISSN 1401-6583, no 1, p. 16-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Chajma, Isbai
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Isuri, Jayasooriya Patabendige
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Vidareutveckling av kylvästar för räddningstjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet är utfört av två ingenjörsstudenter inom integrerad produktutveckling. Projektet har ett samarbete mellan Räddningstjänsten i Östra Skaraborg och TST Sweden. Syftet var att vidareutveckla en befintlig kylväst som är tillverkad av TST och används av Räddningstjänsten.En förstudie på relevant information kring kylvästen utfördes för att ta fram projektets förutsättningar. En litteraturstudie genomfördes för att samla in information kring brandpersonalens termiska ergonomi och kylvästar. En marknadsundersökning utfördes för att få information om konkurrenternas produkter. Enkät- och observationsresultat bidrog till viktig information om användarnas krav och önskemål. All information som förekom under förstudien sammanställdes i en kravspecifikation, som även uppdaterades under hela projektets gång. Under konceptgenereringen användes olika systematiska och kreativa metoderför att kunna ta fram alternativa koncept. För att ta fram ett slutgiltigt koncept utfördes en konceptsållning och en konceptkombination i samverkan med företaget TST. En prototyp byggdes upp för att kunna förverkliga det slutgiltiga konceptet och ge målgruppen en chans att ge feedback. Resultatet blev ett koncept som motverkar både värme- och arbetsbelastning. De existerande problemen eliminerades genom att storleksanpassa och avlägsna obehag som uppkom vid användning av produkten. Ergonomiska funktioner såsom ett ryggstöd och vadderade axlar har applicerats för att förhindra dålig hållning och underlätta vid tung lyftning. Konceptet har även nya fästen med magnetiska klickspännen som bidrar till bättre justering och en ny funktionellfärg.

  • Kallioinen, Minna
    et al.
    Department of Perioperative Services, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Scheinin, Annalotta
    Department of Perioperative Services, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Finland / Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Maksimow, Mikael
    Medicity Research Laboratory, University of Turku, Finland.
    Långsjö, Jaakko
    Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Department of Intensive Care, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.
    Kaisti, Kaike
    Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Oulu University Hospital, Finland.
    Takala, Riikka
    Department of Perioperative Services, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Vahlberg, Tero
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Biostatistics, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Valli, Katja
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, Systems Biology Research Environment. Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology, and Turku Brain and Mind Centre, University of Turku, Finland.
    Salmi, Marko
    Medicity Research Laboratory, University of Turku, Finland / Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, Finland.
    Scheinin, Harry
    Department of Perioperative Services, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Finland / Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Integrative Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, Finland.
    Maksimow, Anu
    Department of Perioperative Services, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    The influence of dexmedetomidine and propofol on circulating cytokine levels in healthy subjects2019In: BMC Anesthesiology, ISSN 1471-2253, E-ISSN 1471-2253, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 1-8, article id 222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Surgery and diseases modify inflammatory responses and the immune system. Anesthetic agents also have effects on the human immune system but the responses they induce may be altered or masked by the surgical procedures or underlying illnesses. The aim of this study was to assess how single-drug dexmedetomidine and propofol anesthesia without any surgical intervention alter acute immunological biomarkers in healthy subjects. Methods: Thirty-five healthy, young male subjects were anesthetized using increasing concentrations of dexmedetomidine (n = 18) or propofol (n = 17) until loss of responsiveness (LOR) was detected. The treatment allocation was randomized. Multi-parametric immunoassays for the detection of 48 cytokines, chemokines and growth factors were used. Concentrations were determined at baseline and at the highest drug concentration for each subject. Results: The changes in the concentration of eotaxin (decrease after dexmedetomidine) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF, increase after propofol) were statistically significantly different between the groups. Significant changes were detected within both groups; the concentrations of monocyte chemotactic protein 1, chemokine ligand 27 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor were lower in both groups after the drug administration. Dexmedetomidine decreased the concentration of eotaxin, interleukin-18, interleukin-2Ra, stem cell factor, stem cell growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor, and propofol decreased significantly the levels of hepatocyte growth factor, IFN-.-induced protein 10 and monokine induced by IFN-gamma, and increased the levels of interleukin-17, interleukin-5, interleukin-7 and PDGF. Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine seemed to have an immunosuppressive effect on the immune system whereas propofol seemed to induce mixed pro- and anti-inflammatory effects on the immune system. The choice of anesthetic agent could be relevant when treating patients with compromised immunological defense mechanisms. Trial registration: Before subject enrollment, the study was registered in the European Clinical Trials database (EudraCT number 2013-001496-21, The Neural Mechanisms of Anesthesia and Human Consciousness) and in ClinicalTrials.gov (Principal Investigator: Harry Scheinin, number NCT01889004, The Neural Mechanisms of Anesthesia and Human Consciousness, Part 2, on the 23rd of June 2013).

  • Westin, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Kista, Sweden.
    Brusk, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Engström, Henrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Activities to Support Sustainable Inclusive Game Design Processes2020In: EAI Endorsed Transactions on Creative Technologies, ISSN 2409-9708, Vol. 6, no 20, article id e4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The problem addressed in this work is the lack of knowledge of what inclusive game design would mean in practice within existing design processes of game companies. A pilot project was devised to involve both the game industry and disabled people.

    OBJECTIVES: The goal in this study was to identify activities that constitute the biggest obstacles to realising sustainable design processes for inclusive game design.

    METHODS: The study is mainly based on two full-day workshops with the game industry and three game studios, three organisations of disabled youth and authorities.

    RESULTS: Five activities were identified in the analysis of the workshops: 1) Find opportunities for inclusive game design; 2) Raise awareness about inclusive game design; 3) Handle integrity and security; 4) Recruit the right competence; and 5) Adapt workplaces and tools.

    CONCLUSION: The five main activities should be considered to achieve sustainable inclusive game design processes.

  • Su, Yanhui
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Backlund, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Engström, Henrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Business Intelligence Challenges for Independent Game Publishing2020In: International Journal of Computer Games Technology, ISSN 1687-7047, E-ISSN 1687-7055, Vol. 2020, p. 1-8, article id 5395187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the continuous development of the game industry, research in the game field is also deepening. Many interdisciplinary areas of knowledge and theory have been used to promote the development of the game industry. Business intelligence technologies have been applied to game development for game design and game optimization. However, few systematic research efforts have focused on the field of game publishing, particularly with regard to independent (indie) game publishing. In this paper, we analyse data collected from a set of interviews with small indie game developers. The results indicate that most of the indie game developers have already used business intelligence for game self-publishing, although three main challenges have been identified: first, how to conduct marketing promotion and improve the return on investment (ROI); second, how to collect game publishing data; and third, how to analyse the data in order to guide game self-publishing. Our interviews also reveal that the business model applied to a game significantly impacts the role of game analytics. The study expands and advances the research on how game analytics can be used for game publishing, particularly for indie game self-publishing.

  • Dahlberg, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Sandberg, Patrik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
    Kombinera två tjänster: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om anestessjuksköterskors erfarenheter av kombinationstjänst mellen en operationsavdelning och ambulanssjukvård2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bartlett, Madeleine E.
    et al.
    Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems, University of Plymouth, UK.
    Costescu, Cristina
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
    Baxter, Paul
    Lincoln Centre for Autonomous Systems, School of Computer Science, University of Lincoln, UK.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment. Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Requirements for Robotic Interpretation of Social Signals “in the Wild”: Insights from Diagnostic Criteria of Autism Spectrum Disorder2020In: Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last few decades have seen widespread advances in technological means to characterise observable aspects of human behaviour such as gaze or posture. Among others, these developments have also led to significant advances in social robotics. At the same time, however, social robots are still largely evaluated in idealised or laboratory conditions, and it remains unclear whether the technological progress is sufficient to let such robots move “into the wild”. In this paper, we characterise the problems that a social robot in the real world may face, and review the technological state of the art in terms of addressing these. We do this by considering what it would entail to automate the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Just as for social robotics, ASD diagnosis fundamentally requires the ability to characterise human behaviour from observable aspects. However, therapists provide clear criteria regarding what to look for. As such, ASD diagnosis is a situation that is both relevant to real-world social robotics and comes with clear metrics. Overall, we demonstrate that even with relatively clear therapist-provided criteria and current technological progress, the need to interpret covert behaviour cannot yet be fully addressed. Our discussions have clear implications for ASD diagnosis, but also for social robotics more generally. For ASD diagnosis, we provide a classification of criteria based on whether or not they depend on covert information and highlight present-day possibilities for supporting therapists in diagnosis through technological means. For social robotics, we highlight the fundamental role of covert behaviour, show that the current state-of-the-art is unable to charact

  • Zelinka, Zsofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tillämpningen av WHO:s checklista vid operation: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hantoft, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Specialist på det oförutsedda?: Anestesisjuksköterskans roll vid stora olyckor och katastrofer2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: För att upprätthålla en så normal kvalitet på vården som möjligt och minska det psykiska och fysiska lidandet vid stora olyckor och katastrofer måste resurserna ledas och fördelas på ett annat sätt än i sjukvårdens vardagsorganisation. Detta medför en omställning i sättet att bedriva sjukvård på till katastrofmedicinsk metodik. Anestesisjuksköterskan är en viktig del i den katastrofmedicinska beredskapen men hur anestesisjuksköterskan själv uppfattar sin roll är ett sparsamt utforskat område. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva anestesisjuksköterskans uppfattning om sin roll vid stora olyckor och katastrofer. Metod: En kvalitativ metod användes, där 10 semistrukturerade intervjuer med anestesisjuksköterskor har analyserats med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Efter analys framkom fyra kategorier; vara en del i något större, vara närmast patienten, genom sin profession känna trygghet och medvetenhet och få förutsättningar att fungera i sin roll. Det genomgående temat i anestesisjuksköterskans uppfattningar är att genom sin profession vara en livsviktig nyckelfunktion med vilja att verka i den på bästa sätt. Konklusion: Anestesisjuksköterskan har en betydelsefull och komplex roll i den katastrofmedicinska beredskapsorganisationen men efterfrågar kunskap och utbildning för att kunna verka effektivt och säkert. Den katastrofmedicinska beredskapen måste lyftas och medvetandegöras i verksamheten.

  • Andersson, My
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Annika
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Förutsättningar att vårda patient med trauma nivå-1: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av operationssjuksköterskans erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trauma care is included in Swedish healthcare services. A patient in need of trauma care is treated by the severity of injuries. According to national guidelines trauma is divided into two different levels, level-1 being the most severe that often require lifesaving efforts. Operating theater nurses is one of the team members that is part of the operative care. Professional competence is required along with stress resistance in the pre- and intraoperative care.

    The aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate experiences of operating theater nurse´s care of patients with trauma level-1 with focus on qualifications.  

    Method: A qualitative method was used where the data material was analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The data is based on interviews with ten operating theater nurses from a University hospital and a regional hospital.

    Results: One main theme with three underlying categories emerged. Operating theater nurses participation in provided care and sense of safety is an overall theme that contains three categories which are personal and professional resources, learning resources and organizational resources, each with associated subcategories.

    Conclusion: Participation in the trauma care, sense of safety and a variety of learning sources was evident as qualifications for care. Structure and leadership was further conditions that emerged as important parts for collaboration that enhances the possibility for the operation theater nurse to perform trauma care level-1.