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  • Aoso, Zozan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ebrahimi Ganjgah, Hossein
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen som drabbar kvinnor runt om i världen. Sjukdomen är vanligast hos medelålders och äldre kvinnor. Att få en diagnos med bröstcancer är en traumatisk upplevelse som kan leda till en känsla av hopplöshet, lidande, smärta, ångest och depression. Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med bröstcancer och dess behandlingar. Metod: En litteraturöversikt är baserad på både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Datainsamling skedde via CINAHL och MEDLINE. Analysen utfördes utifrån Fribergs (2017a) fyrastegsmodell. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier identifierades i resultatet. I resultaten beskrivs kvinnors upplevelse av att få ett bröstcancerbesked och deras upplevelse av biverkningar vid olika typer av bröstcancerbehandlingar samt upplevelse av brist på information. Kvinnorna upplevde en övergång från hälsa till sjukdom med chock i samband med ett bröstcancerbesked. De vanligaste biverkningarna som upplevdes var illamående, oro, rädsla och förlust av sexualiteten. Otillräcklig information upplevde vissa av kvinnorna gällande behandlingar och dess biverkningar. Konklusion: Vid bröstcancer upplever kvinnor både fysiska och psykiska besvär. Upplevelsen av olika känslor såsom chock, rädsla och oro uppträder hos kvinnor i sambandet med beskedet. Stöd och vägledning från sjuksköterska är betydelsefullt så att kvinnor kan hantera sin sjukdom.   

  • Johansson, Rebecka
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kristensson, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med ALS: En studie baserad på självbiografier och biografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ALS is an incurable disease that causes muscle loss which leads to impaired mobility and within a limited time the patient dies. A patient who does not know the meaning of life may encounter difficulties in the ability to experience well-being. Patients living with ALS live with a fear because the diagnosis means loss of the future. It is therefore important that patients receive professional support from the nurse. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences of living with ALS. Method: The study is based on a qualitative method and data were analyzed based on a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach based on three autobiographies and two biographies. Results: It appears that patients living with ALS experience a changed life perspective, a new context, mental and physical sanctions, and that relationships affect well-being. Conclusion: Patients living with ALS experience both well-being and suffering. The nurse is responsible for ensuring that patients receive the right support and assistance that they desire and require to feel quality of life in their everyday lives. The nurse's approach in the personal encounter with the patients is considered to be crucial for their experience of well-being.

  • Homeres, Arianne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hassan Abbas, Cattie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Feeling Close to Someone: The Neural Correlates of Social Connection2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the course of human evolution, being a member of a group has been more beneficial for survival than being alone. Food gathering, protection from predators, cooperation, and care for offspring are distributed among group members, increasing the likelihood for survival. It is as if there is an interplay between agent and environment that interprets being socially cooperative as pleasurable and being left out as painful. Studies have been dedicated to examine how our social life is one of the most important aspects of health and well-being, particularly social relationships. Since this link has been demonstrated, it would be interesting to incorporate the field of neuroscience to understand the involvement of the human brain in our social experiences, specifically the experience of social connection. The current state of neuroscience does not allow researchers to examine this kind of subjective experiences, simply because of the lack of proper tools and knowledge. Research in this field has come a long way since the early stages, and studies have indicated on significant results regarding the involved neural regions. The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and the anterior insula (AI) are active when threats to social connection is experienced. They are also active in situations were survival is threatened. An experience of social connection evokes a feeling of (social) safety, in part because it activates regions of the brain associated with physical safety, such as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC). In similar fashion, a sense of social closeness ("warmth") activates the ventral striatum (VS), which is associated with physical warmth and studies have shown that social and physical warmth share overlapping neural activity in VS. Finally, Mu-opioids have been shown to be responsible for social bonding; while using an opioid antagonist such as naltrexone, decreases the feeling of social connection. Studies in this field are few; one should take their results with caution. The field continues to grow, and the studies that have been done to date give exciting hints of the influence of social relationships on physical health and mental well-being.

  • Fridlind, Pontus
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Schyberg, Fredrik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vård patienter i ett palliativt skede: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care means supporting life quality and preventing suffering to patients in care in the end of life. Relieving pain and symptoms are two important aims for the patient to experience a wellbeing despite a severe disease. The care for the dying patient should be person centred, a model of care I used to simplify a person centred care and it`s called the 6:sn. Purpose: To illustrate nurses’ experiences of caring patients in a palliative phase within closed somatic care. Method: The used method in this study is a literature review consisting nine qualitative articles. Result: Three main themes are emerged from the analysis; build close relationships, cooperation between actors involved and emotional stress, with seven subthemes. Conclusion: The nurse’s ability to communicate is the main point for good care in the palliative care. Frequent practice and education creates good qualifications for having a well developed communicative skill. To meet patients in the end of life is an emotionally trying, time and continuity to each patient creates a good basis for the nurse to meet these feelings in a professional way.

  • Axelsson, Gustav
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    En dag lämnar jag honom: Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med våld i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every third woman around the world has been subjected to physical or mental violence and the majority lives in a partnership with her perpetrator. The consequences of living with violence in a close relationship creates ill health and suffering. The nurses has an essential role in detecting violence in a close relationship and thus being able to provide trusting support and adequate help. Aim: To describe women's experiences of living as a victim of violence in a close relationship. Method: A narrative method by Dahlborg-Lyckhage. Findings: Three main categories emerged from the analysis; Gradually degraded self-esteem, Abused and dependant to the spouse and Way out with five subcategories. Conclusion: The study has contributed to increased understanding of women's experiences of living with violence in a close relationship so that the nurses can create security in the caring meeting.

  • Broberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Petersson, Josefine
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av arbetsmiljö på två akutvårdsavdelningar: En kvantitativ empirisk studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A good working environment require a positive management where collaboration between colleagues and managers function in an environment where employees have opportunity to control the workload and work rate to some extent. Emergency care is often stressful with a high workload. There are deficiencies in patient safety, person-centered care and risks of medical errors. The nurse’s work is extensive and includes practical assignments that regulates by laws and regulations. Their work are also based on the patient’s participation, safety of care and being attentive to what patients and relatives say. Aim: The aim is to describe nurses’ experiences of work environment at two emergency units. Method: The essay is a quantitative empirical study. Questionnaires have been used as data collection in MAVA (medical emergency unit) and KAVA (surgical emergency unit). Results: 31 nurses answered the questionnaire. The average professional experience was relatively low. Shortcoming in staffing indicated a work environment that does not promote patient safety and person-centered care. The work environment is stressful and the possibility for recovery is small. Conclusion: The work environment is difficult at MAVA and KAVA as nurses handle emergencies with patients in relation to lack of resources. Good nursing care, patient safety and person-centered care should be maintained despite the shortcomings. Therefore, improvements and greater access to resources and competence are required.

  • Wullimann, David
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Discovery of candidate biomarkers for purification of atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stemcells: Version 22017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Public defence: 2019-12-11 13:00 E1405, Jönköping
    Kaidalova, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Jönköping University, JTH.
    Integration of Product-IT into Enterprise Architecture: a metod for participatory Business and IT Alignment2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a practice for planning, representation and design of IT components and resources (Enterprise-IT) in an organization. In the context of digital transformation (DT), companies are exposed to various sorts of opportu-nities, both technological and business. Huge potential for value generation lies in Product-IT – built-in software and digital services enhancing the products, which is currently considered separately from Enterprise-IT. Integrated consideration of Product-IT and Enterprise-IT is hindered by various challenging factors, such as the mismatch between agile and traditional modes of IT development and mainte-nance, disjointed technology platforms and overall lack of methodological support to address Product-IT in a coherent way. This thesis proposes a method for Prod-uct-IT inclusive EA, which aims to support DT. The proposed method is the central artifact of the applied design science research, which was grounded and evaluated both theoretically and empirically (through literature reviews, an industrial case study and interviews). The proposed method has several parts: key concepts for product-IT inclusive EA modeling, expanding the traditional set of EA concepts; a set of focal areas to facilitate integrated modeling and analysis of Product-IT and Enterprise-IT; and a set of recommendations for participatory modeling of the pro-posed focal areas by relevant stakeholders.

  • Soltani, Sepide
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Från blöjan till boken: en studie om stressupplevelse hos studerande mödrar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate the experience of stress in student mothers, if it turns out that the roles they carry are incompatible. Furthermore, I want to know what factors can create this.

    The study is based on a qualitative method and the empirical material is produced via semi-structured interviews in which five student mothers participated.

     The result showed that the roles of student and mother of a student mother are incompatible.

    It was also shown that there are factors such as behavioral expectations of a role based on the social context one is in, inadequacy as a mother or student, finding balance between these roles may be a reason for their perceived stress.

    It was also stated in the results that the perceived stress has different effects on student mothers' everyday lives. There was a positive impact where their motivation to achieve the goal was increased and negative which contributed to a negative feeling such as insufficiency in order to  internalize the student role with the mother role.

  • Johansson, Gabriella
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Magnusson, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    VÅRDPROGRAM FÖR MRSA I SVERIGE, TYSKLAND OCH SPANIEN: -En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Methicillinresistent Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) är en multiresistent bakterie som är ett hälsoproblem över hela världen. Genom mutationer i bakterien skapas en resistens mot antibiotika. Faktorer som bidrar till den ökade spridningen och resistens av MRSA är bland annat dålig handhygien/hygien bland vårdpersonal på sjukhus, samt överanvändning av antibiotika. Personer som är bärare av MRSA riskerar då att inte kunna behandlas med antibiotika vid bakteriella infektioner, vilket kan medföra längre vårdtider eller i värsta fall hot mot hälsan och riskerar då att inte överleva dessa infektioner. Syfte: Att beskriva vårdprogram för MRSA i Sverige, Tyskland och Spanien. Metod: Metoden som använts är litteraturöversikt. Resultat: Vårdprogrammen för att minska spridningen av MRSA består samma riktlinjer i de olika länderna i Europa. Varför spridningen ser olika ut beror i stor utsträckning på vilka förutsättningar som finns i de olika länderna samt hur antibiotikakonsumtionen ser ut. Vissa länder har hög exponering av antibiotika inom djurhållningen, vilket ökar spridningen av MRSA. Konklusion: Trots stora skillnader i spridningen av MRSA ligger inte problemet i vårdprogrammen och dess riktlinjer för MRSA för länder i Europa. Vid jämförelse av länder med hög spridningen av MRSA respektive låg blev slutsatsen att det största problemet ligger i vilka förutsättningar vårdpersonalen har för att genomföra goda hygienrutiner samt brist eller bättre tillgång på kunskap och mer frekventa utbildningar kring MRSA och spridningen av resistenta bakterier. 

  • Hultman, Madelen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Wallberg, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Följsamhet till WHO:s checklista för säker kirurgi2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year thousands of patients are afflicted with adverse events and suffering. The surgical safety checklist has potential to decrease these negative effects if it’s used correctly. The checklist contributes to improve communication, teamwork and safer surgery. Aim: to examine the operating theatre personnel’s compliance with the WHO surgical safety checklist. Method: Quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. The information was collected through non-participating observations with self-constructed observational protocols. A total of 38 observations were included. Result: Sign in was initiated in 39,5% and complete in 15,8%. Time out was initiated in 100% and sign out in 94,7% but none were properly completed. On average, 23,4% of the safety items were confirmed in sign in, 40,5% in time out and 56,6% in sign out. Sign in and time out were mainly initiated by the anaesthesia nurse (86,7% and 42,1%) and sign out by the surgeon (88,9%). Conclusion: Sign in is complete in most cases even though it's rarely initiated. Time out and sign out are always and almost always initiated, but some security checks are always omitted. Further research is needed to investigate whether compliance with the WHO checklist differs when the patient is a child or when surgery occurs in the morning or the afternoon.

  • Karlsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Zahirovic Bana, Melissa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att drabbas av bröstcancer: Kvinnans erfarenheter - En studie av självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in Sweden affecting women. Participation is seen as a key element for the nurse to be able to offer a person-centered care that promotes health and relieves suffering which is important in breast cancer treatment because of its negative consequences for the physical and mental health. Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight women’s experience of breast cancer. Method: A qualitative content analysis has been used. Six autobiographies have been analyzed. Result: Emotional processes such as fear, worry and sadness are created by a breast cancer diagnosis. Women are forced to live in uncertainty. They feel that it is important to be offered participation and information. The physical appearance is affected. Acceptance is created to accept breast cancer and its consequences. When declared healthy, a fear of relapse will always be present. Discussion: It is important that the nurse is aware of the changes that occur and affect the woman's life context as well as the physical and mental feelings. If the nurse is aware of these aspects, it increases the possibility of a person-centered care. Conclusion: Suffering from breast cancer is a life-changing experience. The nurse can offer the breast cancer-affected woman participation and be supportive by providing safe and person-centered care.

  • Toffaha, Ali
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Ramzee, Ahmed Faidh
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Afana, Mohammad
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Aljohary, Hesham
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Rare presentation of primary varicella zoster as fatal fulminant hepatitis in adult on low-dose, short-term steroid: Case report2019In: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, ISSN 2049-0801, Vol. 48, p. 115-117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Varicella zoster virus presents clinically as primary (chickenpox) or secondary (herpes zoster) infection. Cutaneous and extracutaneous dissemination may occur, usually in immunocompromised patients. VZV hepatitis that progresses to fulminant hepatic failure is very rare and fatal. To the best of our knowledge, 9 cases have been reported to date, of which 7 were in immunocompromised adults, and only one patient was on short duration steroid therapy. Presentation of case: We present a 26-year old man who was admitted initially with acute abdomen as query persistent biliary colic. Later, he showed clinical and laboratory findings of VZV hepatitis that progressed rapidly despite maximal medical ICU support and he expired on day 3 of admission. Conclusions: Acute VZV infection may present as fulminant hepatitis. The presentation may initially be challenging for the diagnosis and should be considered if the patient has been in contact with a sick case. Low dose corticosteroid could carry a risk for fatal VZV fulminant hepatitis and should be used very cautiously especially with VZV patients’ contacts. Further causative relationships remain to be established. 

  • Aslam, Irfan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Semantic frame based automatic extraction of typological information from descriptive grammars2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project addresses the machine learning (ML) modelling aspects of the problem of automatically extracting typological linguistic information of natural languages spoken in South Asia from annotated descriptive grammars. Without getting stuck into the theory and methods of Natural Language Processing (NLP), the focus has been to develop and test a machine learning (ML) model dedicated to the information extraction part. Starting with the existing state-of-the-art frameworks to get labelled training data through the structured representation of the descriptive grammars, the problem has been modelled as a supervised ML classification task where the annotated text is provided as input and the objective is to classify the input to one of the pre-learned labels. The approach has been to systematically explore the data to develop understanding of the problem domain and then evaluate a set of four potential ML algorithms using predetermined performance metrics namely: accuracy, recall, precision and f-score. It turned out that the problem splits up into two independent classification tasks: binary classification task and multiclass classification task. The four selected algorithms: Decision Trees, Naïve Bayes, Support VectorMachines, and Logistic Regression belonging to both linear and non-linear families ofML models are independently trained and compared for both classification tasks. Using stratified 10-fold cross validation performance metrics are measured and the candidate algorithms  are compared. Logistic Regression provided overall best results with DecisionTree as the close follow up. Finally, the Logistic Regression model was selected for further fine tuning and used in a web demo for typological information extraction tool developed to show the usability of the ML model in the field.

  • Ghobakhloo, Morteza
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Minab Higher Education Center, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran / Modern Technology Development and Implementation Research Center, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
    Fathi, Masood
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Modeling the Success of Application-Based Mobile Banking2019In: Economies, ISSN 2227-7099, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-21, article id 114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study addresses the issue of mobile banking customer retention by developing and empirically testing a theoretical model that describes the way mobile banking success is achieved. The data collection process was conducted via a web-based questionnaire survey through which 402 usable responses from users of application-based mobile banking services were collected. The data collected were further analyzed via covariance-based structural equation modeling. Results indicate that application-based mobile banking success can be defined in terms of the favorable attitude toward and repeated use of mobile banking applications. Experienced advantage, user satisfaction, and post-use trust toward mobile banking applications are among the critical enablers of application-based mobile banking success. The findings of this research can enable academicians and practitioners, banks, and financial institutions, in particular, to devise the mechanism through which the success of application-based mobile banking services can be facilitated.

  • Case, Keith
    et al.
    Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
    Thorvald, Peter
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Editorial2019In: Production & Manufacturing Research, ISSN 2169-3277, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 529-530Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Hilmersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Rosenstam, Cecilia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter att vårda patienter med blodsmitta: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses care for patients with hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV daily. The risk of being exposed to infection can create anxiety and fear, which can influence nurses to provide good care on equal terms. Experience in caring for patients with blood contamination is therefore important for the professional development of the subject. Purpose: The purpose is to elucidate nurses' experiences of caring for patients with blood contamination. Method: A literature review with quantitative and qualitative articles was carried out. Result: Four themes emerged in the result. Nurse's knowledge and ignorance, Lack of resources affects nursing, Risks create fear and worry as well as approach and holistic view. Conclusion: Nurses in developing countries are at higher risk of being exposed to infection and have less opportunity to live up to the profession because financial and material resources are lacking. Knowledge and resources are required to enable good care.

  • Butler, Simon
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Gamalielsson, Jonas
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Brax, Christoffer
    Combitech AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Anders
    Husqvarna AB, Huskvarna, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    PrimeKey Solutions AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Feist, Jonas
    RedBridge AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lönroth, Erik
    Scania IT AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Maintaining interoperability in open source software: A case study of the Apache PDFBox project2020In: Journal of Systems and Software, ISSN 0164-1212, E-ISSN 1873-1228, Vol. 159, article id 110452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Software interoperability is commonly achieved through the implementation of standards for communication protocols or data representation formats. Standards documents are often complex, difficult to interpret, and may contain errors and inconsistencies, which can lead to differing interpretations and implementations that inhibit interoperability. Through a case study of two years of activity in the Apache PDFBox project we examine day-to-day decisions made concerning implementation of the PDF specifications and standards in a community open source software (OSS) project. Thematic analysis is used to identify semantic themes describing the context of observed decisions concerning interoperability. Fundamental decision types are identified including emulation of the behaviour of dominant implementations and the extent to which to implement the PDF standards. Many factors influencing the decisions are related to the sustainability of the project itself, while other influences result from decisions made by external actors, including the developers of dependencies of PDFBox. This article contributes a fine grained perspective of decision-making about software interoperability by contributors to a community OSS project. The study identifies how decisions made support the continuing technical relevance of the software, and factors that motivate and constrain project activity. 

  • Billing, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Hanson, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Lamb, Maurice
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Digital Human Modelling in Action2019In: Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference / [ed] Linus Holm, Erik Billing, Skövde: University of Skövde , 2019, p. 25-28Conference paper (Refereed)
  • Holm, Linus
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University .
    Billing, ErikUniversity of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Proceedings of the 15th SweCog Conference2019Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an article published in Nature: Human Behavior, Nunez et al. (2019) asks What happened to cognitive science? The authors review bibliometric and socio-institutional aspects of the field and argues that the transition from a multi-disciplinary program to a mature inter-disciplinary coherent field has failed. Looking at the Swedish environment, we can nothing but agree. Many of us identifying ourselves as researchers in cognitive science are working at departments primarily focused at other disciplines, teaching within other objects and publishing in journals and conferences adjacent to the field. The diversity of cognitive science is also present in the number of directions that has has evolved over the years. The embodied approaches that many of us align with are not evolving towards a coherent view, but is today found under numerous labels such as situated cognition, distributed cognition, extended cognition, and enactive cognition. The so called 4E perspectives on the field have now ventured beyond the four, and is today more often referred to as the multi-E framework.

    While we agree with Nunez et al. that we remain a multi-disciplinary, multi-perspective, and multi-method group of researchers who may share an interest for the science of the mind, rather than a coherent approach or perspective, we disagree that this entails a failure for the enterprise of cognitive science. We dare to say that the Sweish Cognitive Science Society has embraced the multi-perspectives idea by adopting an inclusive approach in the selection of research and methods presented at our conferences. We hope that SweCog will remain a forum for inclusive discussions, working against discipline conformism and isolation, in a time where both public and scientific debate is increasingly shattered.

  • Kartberg, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    OCD and Empathy Games: Using empathy games to inform the public about ODC2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research focuses on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and how games focused on making the player feel empathy (empathy games) can increase the public’s general knowledge of the disorder. The disorder is currently commonly misunderstood and is not always taken seriously, something that potentially could hurt those with OCD. The stigma surrounding OCD sometimes makes people avoid getting the help they need, making them suffer in silence. The objective of the research was to define several game design principles that suggests what a developer should focus on when making an empathy game about OCD with the purpose to inform the general public. This was done by analyzing several scientific articles discussing either OCD or empathy games, and concluding the most important parts from them into game design principles. Four game design principles were found; target audience, reality, clarity, and includation. These have not been tested in a practical setting, but can possibly serve as guidelines when making an empathy game focusing on OCD.

  • Folke, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Geszti, Josefina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Diabetes typ 2 - Tonåringars upplevelser av sjukdomen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a disease where the number of individuals with the condition is constantly increasing. Adolescents are affected by the disease as a result of being overweight with featuring elements of heredity and ethnicity. Reasons for diabetes type 2 are associated with risk factors regarding unhealthy living habits.Aim: The purpose is to describe adolescents’ experiences of living with diabetes type 2.Method: The method is a qualitative literature review including 7 scientific articles.Results: Adolescents with diabetes type 2 find it difficult to adapt to new habits after the onset of illness. Lifestyle changes are implemented in the form of changed diet- and exercise habits, which are affected by various obstacles or opportunities. The adolescents experience a lack of understanding from health care professionals and wish for more support. Adolescents experience fear and concern about telling their friends about the illness. The need for support from both friends and family is significant.Conclusion: Adolescents with diabetes type 2 struggle to maintain a healthy lifestyle that is required to keep the illness under control. The fear of being different reflects the difficulties the adolescents’ experience. Adolescents need support and encouragement to maintain healthy habits as well as their well-being.

  • Karlstorp, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ögnelod, Tomas
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hur barn upplever den nya livssituationen till följd av traumatiska händelser: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing is the nurse's specific competence that includes the child-centered care work to meet and manage the child's unique needs and alleviate the child's suffering. Purpose: The purpose was to describe how children experience the new life situation as a result of traumatic events. Method: This essay is a literature review with a qualitative approach, based on ten scientific articles that were analyzed according to Friberg's method. Results: In a traumatic event, the child is scared and may feel different and alone. This can affect the child for a long time to come when the child is reminded and relives the traumatic event. Conclusion: The traumatic event creates a new life situation that affects the child at the event and far into the future if the child’s needs are not met and handled during the hospitalization.

  • Broman, Max
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    The Subjective Experience of Anxiety and Its Relation to Performance2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There have been many attempts to explain the experience of anxiety during different types of performance situations. There are several different views on the brain mechanisms of anxiety. The traditional view has its focus on amygdala but recent research questions this view. In this essay the focus is on how two recent theories, namely the two-system model (LeDoux & Pine, 2016) and the attentional control theory (Eysenck, Derakshan, Santos & Calvo, 2007) has changed the theoretical landscape of the brain mechanisms behind the experience of anxiety. The two-system framework model claim that the subjective experience of anxiety uses the same cortical circuits as executive functions involved in attention and working memory. Whereas the attentional control theory argues, that due to the limited attentional capacity, increasing the subjective experience of anxiety would result in less capacity for executive functions involved in working memory and attention resulting in impaired performance. This review shows that research on the relationship between the subjective experience of anxiety and performance is inconsistent and researchers possess different views on what gives rise to the experience. Some data indicate that the amygdala is crucial for the subjective experience of anxiety while other data suggest that other cortical circuits have a much more prominent role. If the cortical circuits are strongly involved in the subjective experience of anxiety, this would be strong support for the attentional control theory and the two-system framework model.

  • Mattisson, Amanda
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Conscious by Default: The Role of the Default Mode Network in Internal Awareness2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In the 1990s researchers discovered task-deactivated regions in the human brain. Together, these areas make up the default mode network (DMN). It was originally proposed to act as a balancing mechanism between different brain systems, explaining the deactivations, but is now mostly studied with regards to internal awareness, such as daydreaming and mental imagery. The purpose of this thesis is to present a summary of DMN research, focusing on the network’s suggested role in internal awareness. This will be done by reviewing a wide variety of research that either explicitly or indirectly correlate default mode network features with aspects of consciousness and internal awareness. The subjective experience of being conscious have been a source of argument primarily among philosophers, but the qualities we feel are intimately linked to cognitive functions that are supported by the regions found in the DMN. Cognitive neuroscience may therefore be able to contribute to the concept of internal awareness and consciousness.

  • Brodin, Martin
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    A Framework for GDPR Compliance for Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises2019In: European Journal for Security Research, ISSN 2365-0931, E-ISSN 2365-1695, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 243-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s General Data Protection (GDPR) is an EU regulation that affects everyone in the EU and all organisations outside the EU that wants to do business with the EU. GDPR introduces tougher requirements for processing personal data, which may be difficult for many small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to follow without major adjustments. This work uses design science to develop a framework for SMEs to adapt to GDPR. The framework was empirically evaluated in three different types of organisations, resulting of GDPR compliance according to their Data Protection Officers. It was also theoretical evaluated against scientific literature including the identified implications of GDPR. In this paper the framework is presented, from initial analysis and design to implementation and future work, with advice on how to work with each part to achieve compliance. The paper also highlights some of the most important changes in GDPR compared to its predecessor, Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (DIR95).