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  • Bylow, Helene
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Utbildningsmetoder i hjärt-lungräddning och upplevelser i mötet med hjärt-lungräddningens praktik2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose statement is which the most effective educational method is for cardiopulmonary resuscitation; instructor-led versus film-based and what happens in the gap between education and an event of cardiac arrest in society. The aim was to investigate knowledge of which educational method contributes to the intended skills, ability to act and willingness to start a life-saving action. The aim was also to increase understanding by identifying tension fields of experiences in the cardiopulmonary resuscitation practice.

    The study is highlighted by a learning theory influenced by pragmatism and philosopher Dewey, as well as a holistic hermeneutical perspective through the philosopher Gadamer. A combined design with quantitative and qualitative method has been used. Data collection has been done through surveys, quality measurements on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and interviews. A critical hermeneutic according to Ricoeur has supported interpretation of data.

    The quantitative result shows no significant difference in total points of theoretical knowledge, ability to act or willingness to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation between the education methods. A significant difference (p<0.05) has been demonstrated for practical knowledge, where the film-based education showed higher total score than the instructor-led education over time. The result of the qualitative interpretation has identified five overall tension fields in both experiencing and lacking experience, 1) knowledge of, skills in and understanding of, 2) learning, 3) ability to act, 4) responsibility and humanity, 5) and willingness to start a life-saving effort in cardiopulmonary resuscitation practice. The result contributes to increased knowledge of cardiovascular rescue practice, valuable for future education and further research.

  • Laurell, Isak
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Sjöholm, Linus
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    System för insamling av väderdata2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På försvarets materielverk (FMV) i Karlsborg utförs prover av militära vapensystem. Ofta när prov genomförs samlas också väderdata in för att veta om yttre faktorer kan påverka en träffbild. Insamling av väderdata är en manuell process som FMV önskar att automatisera. Målet är att skapa ett system med hjälp av en befintlig vädersensor som kan visa väderparametrar i realtid på en skärm samt spara dem vid rätt tillfälle på ett flyttbart media. Vid utveckling av system för insamling av väderdata ska det väljas ut lämplig hårdvara där även mjukvaran ska formas. Den teoretiska referensramen och litteraturstudierna utgjorde en bra grund för hela projektet genom att få en förståelse om alla de delar som måste tas hänsyn till. FMV har som krav att hårdvaran ska vara baserad på en integrerad krets. Det innebär kortfattat att det inte finns något operativsystem utan att det består endast av en källkod. Den befintliga vädersensorn som ska användas kommunicerar via seriell kommunikation. Det gjordes också ett val mellan två utvecklingsmodeller där en av dem senare ska användas som ett hjälpmedel för utvecklingsprocessen av hela systemet. Den utvecklingsmodell som var mest lämplig för projektet var V-modellen. Genom att använda V-modellen togs det fram en bra struktur för hur arbetet skulle läggas upp gällande planering, verkställande och testning. Med en detaljerad planering underlättade det verkställandet genom att det fanns en tydlig bild av vad som skulle göras. Den noga planeringen gjorde att fel och brister i systemet vid testerna var få. En nyckelfaktor för utvecklingsprocessen var också att ha ett bra samarbete med FMV:s personal vilket gjorde att utvecklingen följde deras vision om systemet. När utvecklingsprocessen och arbetet med V-modellen var genomfört var också ett system för insamling av väderdata framtaget och godkänt av FMV. Systemet generar en minskad hantering av data eftersom det utför det arbete som tidigare har varit manuellt. Det generar också stabilare mätvärden eftersom tidpunkten för loggningen blir mer exakt än tidigare.

  • Björklund, Carina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jonsson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ett arbete som präglas av ständig oro och stor försiktighet: en kvalitativ socialpsykologisk studie om lärarnas erfarenheter av ekonomisk utsatthet i skolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A societal problem in Sweden is that more and more families are living in poverty. This study has its startingpoint in the term relativepoverty which implies that poverty is related to the social context of the individual. The study is based on a teacher's perspective, with the aim of gaining a deeper understanding of how teachersrespond topupils living in financial vulnerability, and how the pupil´s self-esteem might be strengthen by the teachers’ treatment. Symbolic interactionism constitutes the theoretical framework. With help of the concepts loocking-glass-self and the generalized other, it explains how the student's self-esteemmight be strengthened. The study is of a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews as a tool. The studies sample consists of 11 teachers’working at the lower and middle schoolsseven different municipalities in Sweden. The result shows that the teachers´ responses can be demonstrated on the basis of two head themes; how the teacher perceive and respond an individual pupil and how they respond towards the social environment. The first theme is characterized by an overall teachers ‘concern over the pupils who lived in poverty, and a work that requires great caution toward these pupils. The second theme includesa normalizing and inclusive daily work to create an inclusive and supporting milieu.

     

  • Holgersson, Jesper
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Division of Information Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Division of Information Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Melin, Ulf
    Division of Information Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    External User Inclusion in Public e-Service Development: Exploring the Current Practice in Sweden2017In: Electronic government: 16th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2017, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 4-7, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Marijn Janssen, Karin Axelsson, Olivier Glassey, Bram Klievink, Robert Krimmer, Ida Lindgren, Peter Parycek, Hans J. Scholl, Dmitrii Trutnev, Springer, 2017, 60-70 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the last decade e-government research has underlined the importance of an external user perspective in public e-service development and there have been numerous attempts to provide guidance and directions for government agencies in this matter. Individual research studies show little progress in this matter, but a more generalisable picture of the current state of external user inclusion is missing. The aim of this paper is to provide a better and more generalisable understanding of Swedish government agencies’ current practice of external user inclusion in public e-service development. In order to do so, we have interviewed Swedish government agencies regarding their perceptions on external user inclusion. Our findings show mixed results regarding attitudes towards and current practice of external user inclusion. It is clear that organisational size and previous experience of public e-service development matter. At the same time challenges such as a general lack of resurces and a lack of time are seen as general barriers, regardless of agency level and size.

  • Allard, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ögnelod, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Triage på en akutmottagningen ur sjuksköterskors perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hasselholm, Marie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jansson, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av mötet med kvinnor som utsätts för våld i nära relationer: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Violence against women is currently a global public health problem. Studies have shown that 30% of women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual violence in intimate relationships. Women who experience violence more likely reach out to health care providers than other women, making encounters with abused women a reasonable possibility for a nurse. Nurses consequently have an important role in meeting these women who seek care and in asking the crucial questions regarding their experiences. Purpose: To describe nurses` experiences of encounters with women who are exposed to violence in close relationships. Method: A literature review where data material consisted of qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: From the analysis of data one main area emerged; to promote women’s self-esteem with five areas: The nurse needs to use screening on all women, the nurse responds to woman’s partners aggressiveness, the nurse enables storytelling, the nurse need to support woman for increased independence, the nurse shows empathetic, humble attitude. Conclusion: The nurse experience difficulties in asking the same question to the women who have been exposed to violence in close relationships. Nurses´ need more education in order to meet these women who are exposed by their partner.

  • Lennerholt, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    van Laere, Joeri
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Söderström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Implementation challenges of Self Service Business Intelligence: A literature review2018In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hilton Waikoloa Village, Hawaii, USA: ScholarSpace , 2018, Vol. 51, 5055-5063 p., 0633Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a traditional Business Intelligence (BI) system, power users serve less experienced casual users. Power users analyze and gather data requested by casual users, and produce the reports and visualizations that casual users base their decisions on. When data volumes and the usage frequency of a traditional BI system increase, power users have problems serving all the requests from casual users. The Self Service Business Intelligence (SSBI) approach can enable users to be more self-reliant and less dependent on power users. Although SSBI promises more benefits compared to a traditional BI system, many organizations fail to implement SSBI. The literature review presented in this paper discusses six SSBI challenges related to "Access and use of data" and four challenges related to "Self-reliant users". Awareness of these ten challenges can help practitioners avoid common pitfalls, when implementing SSBI, as well as guide SSBI researchers in focusing on their future research efforts.

  • Johansson, Björn J. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    van Laere, Joeri
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Berggren, Peter
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Using simulation games to assess critical infrastructure resilience in case of payment disruptions2017In: Proceedings of the 7th Resilience Engingeering Association (REA) International Symposium, Liege, Belgium, 26-29 June 2017, 2017, 1-7 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a theoretical outline, and a tentative assessment approach, for resilience in the fuel, food, and finance systems needed to create a gaming simulation environment. The purpose of developing the simulation gaming environment is to provide team-training to decision-makers in handling crisis situations in a multi-organisational context. Gaming simulation aims at representing reality and enabling an individual actor or a group of actors to experience the dynamics of the simulated system. The concept of core values and resilience value networks will be used to guide the simulation approach so that all core functions of a resilient system, as well as coping strategies, will be addressed in the gaming sessions.

  • Kallio, Sakari
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku, Turku, Finland / Turku Institute for Advanced Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Koivisto, Mika
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Turku, Turku, Finland / Turku Institute for Advanced Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Kaakinen, Johanna K.
    Turku Institute for Advanced Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Synaesthesia-type associations and perceptual changes induced by hypnotic suggestion2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 17310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Are synaesthetic experiences congenital and so hard-wired, or can a functional analogue be created? We induced an equivalent of form-colour synaesthesia using hypnotic suggestions in which symbols in an array (circles, crosses, squares) were suggested always to have a certain colour. In a Stroop type-naming task, three of the four highly hypnotizable participants showed a strong synaesthesia-type association between symbol and colour. This was verified both by their subjective reports and objective eye-movement behaviour. Two resembled a projector-and one an associator-type synaesthete. Participant interviews revealed that subjective experiences differed somewhat from typical (congenital) synaesthesia. Control participants who mimicked the task using cognitive strategies showed a very different response pattern. Overall, the results show that the targeted, preconsciously triggered associations and perceptual changes seen in association with congenital synaesthesia can rapidly be induced by hypnosis. They suggest that each participant's subjective experience of the task should be carefully evaluated, especially when studying hypnotic hallucinations. Studying such experiences can increase understanding of perception, automaticity, and awareness and open unique opportunities in cognitive neuroscience and consciousness research.

  • Safa, Niloufar
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Designing of frazil ice test rig2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large part of electricity in Sweden is produced by hydropower plants, which are a safe and pollution-free source for electricity production. In the cold season, when the temperature of water decreases to below zero, water can be frozen and different types of ice will be generated. Frazil Ice is one type of ice that is made by turbulent water. This type of ice flows into rivers and blocks trash racks. Trash racks prevent the entrance of different things such as leaves, woods, stones and fishes into the turbines, but when they are blocked by the ice, water cannot go through them, thus turbines cannot work.

    Träbena is a hydropower station located at the Ätran River in south Sweden, and it suffers from frazil ice problems during the winter. To solve this problem, a heating system has been installed on the trash rack to melt frazil ice. Currently, the heating system works manually, but for energy saving, an automatic switch has been designed with a capacity sensor to detect the frazil ice thus turning the heating system either on or off. A test rig should be designed to test the sensor’s performance as well as to discover the best program for that sensor.

    In this research, following certain constraints such as cold store and trash rack dimensions, a test rig has been designed to test the frazil ice detector, using different variables such as temperature and water flow. The model of the test rig has been evaluated by static analysis, and water flow has been simulated to show how the water becomes turbulent in the test rig.

  • Jonsson, Annie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Vetenskaplig utvärdering av åtgärdseffekter mot almsjukan inom projektet LifeELMIAS: Rapport till Naturvårdsverket 2017-10-312017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU-projektet ”LifeELMIAS - Saving wooded Natura 2000 habitats from invasive alien fungi species on the Island of Gotland, Sweden” startade i augusti 2013 och avslutas under 2018. Projektet har haft sitt fokus på att bekämpa och i bästa fall utrota almsjukan på Gotland, samt långsiktigt skydda och bevara den biologiska mångfalden som är speciellt knuten till alm och även ask. Projektet drivs av Skogsstyrelsen med flera samarbetspartners bland annat Naturvårdsverket. Från 2013 har bekämpningsåtgärderna finansierats i projektet LifeElmias och det kostar i medeltal 5 miljoner kronor per år. För att kunna ta ställning till hur almsjukan ska hanteras på Gotland efter projektavslut har Naturvårdsverket beställt följande utvärdering. I uppdraget har det ingått att sammanställa vad som genomförts i LifeElmias och vilka slutsatser man kan göra, samt en diskussion om framtida möjligheter.

     

    Så snart almsjukan upptäcktes på Gotland 2005 sattes bekämpningsåtgärder in som har pågått fram till idag. Till och med 2009 spred sig sjukdomen mycket snabbt på ön. Därefter har den stoppats upp och dess spridningstakt har inte ökat signifikant sedan dess. Det finns tyvärr inget som tyder på att det skulle vara möjligt att utrota sjukdomen på Gotland. Ett uppehåll i bekämpningen kommer att innebära att almsjukan återigen går in i en starkt växande fas. Då skulle upp till 90% av almbeståndet kunna slås ut på bara några år. Fram till idag har endast 3% av beståndet på 1 miljon almar insjuknat. Almarterna dör inte ut helt om man slutar med bekämpningen men förekomsterna kommer till största delen bestå av unga träd och buskartade bestånd. Vilken total effekt det har på den biologiska mångfalden generellt går inte att förutsäga. Artsammansättningen kommer dock att förändras och populationsstorlekar påverkas i både negativ och positiv riktning.

     

    Den hittills mest effektiva metoden att bekämpa almsjukan har varit att upptäcka sjuka träd och destruera dem. Nya möjligheter med fjärranalys för att inventera finns inom räckhåll och med hjälp av ekologisk geografisk modellering skulle man kunna finna strategier för att effektivisera kontrollen eller upprätta skyddszoner för specifikt bevarande av almbestånden inom Natura 2000-områdena. Både fjärranalys och ekologisk modellering kräver dock ett utvecklingsarbete med anpassningar för de specifika situationerna med almsjuka, Gotlands geografi, klimat med flera faktorer. Men dessa metoder skulle långsiktigt kunna effektivisera arbetet och minska kostnaderna för ett fortsatt kontrollprogram.

  • Lennerholt, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Research proposal: Facilitating the Implementation of Self‐Service Business Intelligence2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Business Intelligence (BI) is widely implemented and used by many organisations. In a traditional BI system, power users serve less experienced casual users. Power users analyse and gather data requested by casual users, and produce reports and visualisations that casual users base their decisions on. When data volumes and the usage frequency of a traditional BI system increase, power users have problems serving all the requests from casual users. The Self Service Business Intelligence (SSBI) approach can enable users to be more self-reliant and less dependent on power users. Although SSBI promises more benefits compared to a traditional BI system, many organisations fail to implement SSBI. This research proposal aims to facilitate the implementation of SSBI by suggesting recommendations for how to manage associated challenges when implementing SSBI. The proposed research method is a longitudinal study using multiple case studies. The expected results will describe how to implement SSBI on a desired maturity level while managing the associated challenges. The results consist of a framework that lists known associated challenges when implementing SSBI and a maturity model for SSBI, which defines the levels and characteristics needed for developing SSBI implementation. An expected contribution of this research is an increased adoption rate of SSBI.